Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Parental Characteristics in Relation to Depressive Disorders

  • Gordon Parker (a1)

Summary

Using a reliable and valid measure of reported parental care and overprotection (the Parental Bonding Instrument) patients with two types of depressive disorder were compared with a control group, and the relationships to depressive experience examined in a non-clinical group as well. Bipolar manic-depressive patients scored like controls whereas neurotic depressives reported less parental care and greater maternal overprotection. Depressive experience in the non-clinical group was negatively associated with low parental care and weakly associated with parental overprotection.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Abrahams, M. J. & Whitlock, F. A. (1969) Childhood experience and depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 115, 883–8.
Beck, A. T. (1976) Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. New York: International Universities Press, Inc.
Becker, J. (1974) Depression: Theory and Research. Washington: Winston.
Cohen, M. B., Baker, G., Cohen, R. A., Fromm-Reichman, F. & Weigert, E. B. (1954) An intensive study of twelve cases of manic-depressive psychosis. Psychiatry, 17, 103–37.
Congalton, A. (1969) Status Ranking List of Occupation in Australia. Melbourne: F. W. Cheshire Publishing.
Coopersmith, S. (1967) The Antecedents of Self Esteem. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.
Costello, C. G. & Comrey, A. L. (1967) Scales for measuring depression and anxiety. The Journal of Psychology, 66, 303–13.
Craig, T. J. & Van Natta, P. A. (1976) Presence and persistance of depressive symptoms in patient and community populations. American Journal of Psychiatry, 133, 1426–9.
Gibson, R. W. (1958) The family background and early life experience of the manic-depressive patient. Psychiatry, 21, 7190.
Jacobson, S., Fasman, J. & Dimascio, A. (1975) Deprivation in the childhood of depressed women. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 160, 514.
Kiloh, L. G., Andrews, G., Neilson, M. & Bianchi, G. N. (1972) The relationship of the syndromes called endogenous and neurotic depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 121, 183–96.
Koller, K. M. & Castanos, J. (1969) The Eysenck Personality Inventory: Australian experience with normal and abnormal groups. Australian Psychologist, 4, 4858.
Lewis, M. & Rosenblum, L. A. (1974) The Effect of the Infant on its Caregiver. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Middleton, R. (1963) Alienation, race and education. American Sociological Review, 28, 973–7.
Munro, A. (1966) Parental deprivation in depressive patients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 112, 443–57.
Parker, G. (1977) Parental Antecedents to Depression. M.D. thesis, University of New South Wales.
Parker, G., Tupling, H. & Brown, L. B. (1978) A Parental Bonding Instrument. British Journal of Medical Psychology, In press.
Paykel, E. S. (1971) Classification of depressed patients: A cluster analysis derived grouping. British Journal of Psychiatry, 118, 275–88.
Raskin, A., Boothe, H. H., Reatig, N. A., Schulterbrandt, J. G. & Odle, D. (1971) Factor analyses of normal and depressed patients' memories of parental behaviour. Psychological Reports, 29, 871–9.
Roe, A. & Siegelman, M. (1963) A parent-child relations questionnaire. Child Development, 34, 355–69.
Rosenberg, M. (1965) Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Rutter, M. (1976) Helping Troubled Children. New York: Plenum Publishing Co.
Schaefer, E. S. (1965) A configurational analysis of children's reports of parent behaviour. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 29, 552–7.
Seligman, M. E. P. (1975) Helplessness. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.
Wilson, D. C. (1951) Families of manic-depressives. Diseases of the Nervous System, 12, 363–9.
Wylie, R. C. (1961) The Self Concept. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Parental Characteristics in Relation to Depressive Disorders

  • Gordon Parker (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.

Parental Characteristics in Relation to Depressive Disorders

  • Gordon Parker (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *