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People at risk of schizophrenia: Sample characteristics of the first 100 cases in the Edinburgh High-Risk Study

  • Ann Hodges (a1), Majella Byrne (a1), Elizabeth Grant (a1) and Eve Johnstone (a1)

The Edinburgh High-Risk Study is designed to explore the underlying pathogenesis of schizophrenia.


To establish the sample characteristics of the first 100 subjects in this study of young adults at risk of schizophrenia for genetic reasons, and to compare them with appropriate controls.


Details of the recruitment of the first 100 high-risk subjects aged 16–25 years into a prospective Scotland-wide study are given. Subjects and 30 age- and gender-matched normal controls were interviewed using the PSE, SADS-L and SIS and an unstructured psychiatric interview.


Some significant differences emerged between the high-risk group and the control group, namely in previous psychiatric history (31 v. 6.3%), forensic contacts (19 v. 3.1%) and delinquent behaviour (20 v. 3.1%). There were also differences in some parameters from the SIS: childhood social isolation, interpersonal sensitivity, social isolation, suicidal ideation, restricted affect, oddness and disordered speech.


These differences may represent increased risk of developing schizophrenia although their true significance will not be revealed until the cohort has been followed through the at-risk years.

Corresponding author
Eve Johnstone, Department of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Morningside Park, Edinburgh EHIO 5HF
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See invited commentaries pp. 554–557. this issue.

Declaration of interest

Supported by the Medical Research Council.

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People at risk of schizophrenia: Sample characteristics of the first 100 cases in the Edinburgh High-Risk Study

  • Ann Hodges (a1), Majella Byrne (a1), Elizabeth Grant (a1) and Eve Johnstone (a1)
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