Aderibibge, Y. A., Gureje, O. & Omigbodum, O. (1993) Postnatal emotional disorders in Nigerian women: a study of antecedents and associations. British Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 645–650.
Areias, M. E., Kumar, R., Barros, H., et al (1996) Comparative incidence of depression in women and men, during pregnancy and after childbirth: validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in Portuguese mothers. British Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 30–35.
Asten, P., Marks, M. N., Oates, M. R., et al (2004) Aims, measures, study sites and participant samples of the Transcultural Study of Postnatal Depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 184 (suppl. 46), s3–s9.
Ballard, C. & Davies, R. (1996) Postnatal depression in fathers. International Review of Psychiatry, 8, 65–71.
Chalmers, B. (1988) The Pedi woman's experiences of childbirth and early parenthood. Curationis, 11, 12–19.
Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths (2001) Why Mothers Die 1997–1999. The Fifth Report of the UK Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths. London: Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
Cox, J. L. (1983) Postnatal depression: a comparison of Scottish and African women. Social Psychiatry, 18, 25–28.
Cox, J. L. (1996) Perinatal mental disorders – a cutlural approach. International Review of Psychiatry, 8, 9–16.
Cox, J. L., Holden, J. M. & Sagovsky, R. (1987) Detection of postnatal depression. Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 782–786.
Dennerstein, L., Lehrer, P. & Riphagen, F. (1999) Postpartum depression – risk factors. Journal of Psychopharmacology Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 10, 53–67.
Gautam, S., Nijhawan, M. & Gehlot, P. S. (1982) Post partum psychiatric syndromes: an analysis of 100 consecutive cases. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 24, 383–386.
Glaser, B. & Strauss, A. (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago, IL: Aldine.
Jadresic, E., Jara, C., Miranda, M., et al (1992) Emotional disorders in pregnancy and the puerperium: a prospective study of 108 women. Revista Childena Neuropsiquiatría, 30, 99–106.
Jones, A. D. & Dougherty, C. (1982) Childbirth in a scientific and industrial society. In Ethnography of Fertility and Birth (ed. MacCormack, C. P.). London: Academic Press.
Kelly, J. V. (1967) After office hours: the influences of native customs on obstetrics in Nigeria. Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 30, 608–612.
Kit, L. K., Janet, G. & Jegasothy, R. (1997) Incidence of postnatal depression in Malaysian women. Journal of Obstetric and Gynaecology Research, 23, 85–89.
Kleinman, A. (1987) Anthropology and psychiatry. The role of culture in cross-cultural research on illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 447–454.
Kumar, R. (1994) Postnatal mental illness: a transcultural perspective. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 29, 250–264.
Kumar, R. & Robson, K. M. (1984) A prospective study of emotional disorders in childbearing women. British Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 35–47.
Lee, D. T., Yip, S. K., Chiu, H. F., et al (1998) Detecting postnatal depression in Chinese women. Validation of the Chinese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 433–437.
Mari, J., Sen, B. & Cheng, T. A. (1989) Case definition and case identification in cross-cultural perspective. In The Scope of Epidemiological Psychiatry (eds Williams, P., Wilkinson, G. & Rawnsley, K.). London: Routledge.
Marks, M. N., Wieck, A., Checkly, S. A., et al (1992) Contribution of psychological and social factors to psychotic and non-psychotic relapse after childbirth in women with previous histories of affective disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 24, 253–263.
Murray, J. (1998) Qualitative methods. International Review of Psychiatry, 10, 312–316.
Murray, J. & Cooper, P. J. (2003) The impact of postpartum depression on child development. In Aetiological Mechanisms in Developmental Psychopathology (ed. Goodyer, I.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
O'Hara, M. W. & Swain, A. M. (1996) Rates and risk of postpartum depression – a meta-analysis. International Review of Psychiatry, 8, 37–54.
Pillsbury, B. L. K. (1978) ‘Doing the month’: confinement and convalescence of Chinese women after childbirth. Social Science and Medicine, 12, 11–22.
Seel, R. M. (1986) Birth rite. Health Visitor, 59, 11–22.
Shinagawa, N. (1978) Social and medical discussion on Satogaeri Bunben. Nihonishikai Zasshi, 80, 351–355.
Stern, G. & Kruckman, L. (1983) Multidisciplinary perspectives on postpartum depression: an anthropological critique. Social Science and Medicine, 17, 1027–1041.
Thorpe, K. J., Drangonas, T. & Golding, J. (1992) The effects of psycho-social factors on the mother's emotional well being during early parenthood: a cross-cultural study of Britain and Greece. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 10, 205–216.