American Psychiatric Association (1987) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd edn, revised) . Washington, DC: APA.
Andreasen, N. (1985) Posttraumatic stress disorder. In Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, (4th edn, vol. 1) (eds Kaplan, H. I.
et al). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
Armenian Relief Society of the Western United States (1989a) The Emotional State of Children after a Quake and Ways to Help Them.
Armenian Relief Society of the Western United States (1989b) Yogi Bear's Help After the Earthquake.
Artiss, K. L. (1963) Human behavior under stress: from combat to social psychiatry. Military Medicine, 128, 1011–1015.
Barten, H., (ed.) (1971) Brief Therapies.
New York: Behavioral Publications.
Berren, M. R., Bergel, A. & Ghertner, S. A. (1980) A typology for the classification of disasters: implications for intervention. Community Mental Health Journal, 16, 103–111.
Bloch, D., Silber, E. & Perry, S. (1956) Some factors in the emotional reactions of children to disaster. American Journal of Psychiatry, 113, 416–422.
Bolin, R. (1982) Long Term Family Recovery from Disaster.
. Boulder: University of Colorado.
Boyd, S. T. (1981) Psychological reaction of disaster victims. South African Medical Journal, 60, 744–748.
Bradshaw, J. (1988) Bradshaw on: The Family and Revolutionary Way of Self-Discovery.
Deerfield Beach, Florida: Health Communications.
Brand, D. & Blakeman, A. (1988) When the earth shook. Time, 19
, pp. 34–39.
Brislin, R. W. (1976) Translation research and its applications: an introduction. In Translations: Applications and Research (ed. Brislin, R.). New York: Wiley/Halsted.
Brislin, R. W., Lonner, W. J. & Thorndike, R. M. (1973) Cross-Cultural Research Methods.
New York: Wiley.
Buck, J. M. (1966) The House Tree Person Technique Revised Manual.
Beverly Hills: Western Psychological Services.
Catalano, R. & Dooley, C. D. (1977) Economic predictors of depressed mood and stressful life events in a metropolitan community. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 18, 292–307.
Clines, F. X. (1991) Soviet plans for armenia quake recovery stall. New York Times, .
Deitz, J. (1986) Time-limited psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: the traumatized ego and its self reparative function. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 40, 290–299.
Earls, F., Smith, E., Reich, W., et al (1988) Investigating psychopathological consequences of a disaster in children: a pilot study incorporating a structured diagnostic interview. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 90–95.
Edgar, P. N., Meyers, A. L., O'Brien, C. P., et al (1977) Depression in veterans: two years after Vietnam. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 167–170.
Engelbrecht, H. (1989) Armenie un an apres. Geo, , pp. 20–46.
Erickson, K. T. (1976) Everything in its Path: Destruction of Community in the Buffalo Creek Flood.
New York: Simon and Schuster.
Fairbank, J. A., Gross, R. T., Keane, T. M., et al (1983) Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder: evaluation of outcome with a behavioral code. Behavior Modification, 7, 557–568.
Friel, J. & Friel, L. (1988) Adult Children - The Secrets of Dysfunctional Families.
Deerfield Beach, Florida: Health Communications.
Galante, M. A. & Foa, D. (1986) An epidemiological study of psychic trauma and treatment effectiveness for children after a natural disaster. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25, 357–363.
Gleser, G. C., Green, B. L. & Winger, C. (1981) Prolonged Psychosocial Effects of Disaster: A Study of Buffalo Creek.
New York: Academic Press.
Goldsteen, R. & Schorr, J. K. (1982) The long term impact of man made disaster: an examination of a small town in the aftermath of the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor accident. Disaster, 6, 10–19.
Green, B. L., Lindy, J. D. & Grace, M. C. (1990) Buffalo Creek survivors in the second decade: stability of stress symptoms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 60, 43–54.
Green, B. L., Korol, M., Grace, M. C., et al (1991) Children and disaster: age, gender, and parental effects on PTSD symptoms. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 945–951.
Haas, J. E., Kates, R. W. & Bowden, M. J., (eds) (1977) Reconstruction Following Disaster.
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
Hammer, E. F. (1958) Classical Application of Projective Drawings.
Springfield, Illinois: Thomas.
Handford, H. A., Mayes, S. D., Mattison, R. E., et al (1986) Child and parent reaction to the Three Mile Island nuclear accident. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 25, 346–356.
Hartsough, D. M. & Myers, D. G. (1985) Disaster Work and Mental Health: Prevention and Control of Stress Among Workers.
Bethesda, Maryland: NIMH.
Hill, R. & Hansen, D. A. (1962) Families in disaster. In Man and Society in Disaster (eds Baker, G. W.
et al). New York: Basic Books.
Hocking, F. (1965) Human reactions to extreme environmental stress. Medical Journal of Australia, ii, 477–483.
Hoffman, M. L. (1979) Development of moral thought, feeling and behavior. American Psychologist, 34, 958–966.
Horowitz, J. M. (1986) Stress-response syndromes: a review of posttraumatic and adjustment disorders. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 37, 241–249.
Karno, M., Burnam, A., Escobar, J. I., et al (1983) Development of the Spanish-language version of the National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40, 1183–1188.
Kinzie, J. D., Sack, W. H., Angell, R. H., et al (1986) The psychiatric effects of massive trauma on Cambodian children: I. The children. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25, 370–376.
Kohan, J. (1990) Soviet republics: almost civil war. Time, , pp. 30–33.
Kulka, R. A., Schlenger, W. E., Fairbank, J. A., et al (1990) Trauma and the Vietnam War Generation: Report of Findings from the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study.
New York: Brunner/Mazel.
Lacey, G. N. (1972) Observations on Aberfan. Journal of Psychoanalytic Research, 16, 257–260.
Libaridian, G. J. (1989) Armenian earthquakes and Soviet tremors. Transaction Social Science and Modem Society, 26, 59–63.
Lifton, R. J. (1967) Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima.
New York: Random House.
Lifton, R. J. & Olson, E. (1976) The human meaning of total disaster: The Buffalo Creek experience. Psychiatry, 39, 1–18.
Lonnigan, C. J., Shannon, M. P., Finch, A. J., et al (1991) Children's reactions to a natural disaster: symptom severity and degree of exposure. Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy, 13, 135–154.
Maddison, D. & Viola, A. (1968) The health of widows in the year following bereavement. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 12, 297–306.
McFarlane, A. C., Policansky, S. K. & Irwin, C. (1987) A longitudinal study of the psychological morbidity in children due to natural disaster. Psychological Medicine, 17, 727–738.
Miller, J. A., Turner, J. G. & Kimball, E. (1981) Big Thompson flood victims: one year later. Family Relations, 30, 111–116.
Nader, K., Pynoos, R. S., Fairbanks, L., et al (1990) Children's PTSD reactions one year after a sniper attack at their school. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 1526–1530.
Nader, K., Pynoos, R. S., (1991) Play and drawing techniques as tools for interviewing traumatized children. In Play, Diagnosis and Assessment (ed. Schaeffer, C.
et al). New York: Wiley.
Newman, C. J. (1976) Children of disaster: clinical observations at Buffalo Creek. American Journal of Psychiatry, 133, 306–312.
Parnes, H. S. & King, R. (1977) Middle aged job losers. Industrial Gerontology, , 79–95.
Poghosyan, H. (1989) The earthquake and its consequences. International Bulletin for the Reconstruction and Development of Armenia, 1, 1–10.
Poghosyan, H. (1990) The process of construction and reconstruction in the disaster zone. International Bulletin for the Reconstruction and Development of Armenia, 2, 1–3.
Popovic, M. & Perovic, D. (1964) After the earthquake. Lancet, ii, 1169–1171.
Pynoos, R. S. & Eth, S. (1986) Witness to violence: the child interview. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25, 306–319.
Pynoos, R. S., Frederick, C., Nader, K., et al (1987) Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school age children. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 1057–1063.
Pynoos, R. S. & Nader, K. (1988a) Psychological first-aid and treatment approach to children exposed to violence: research implications. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1, 445–473.
Pynoos, R. S. & Nader, K. (1988b) Children who witness the sexual assaults of their mothers. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 567–572.
Pynoos, R. S. & Nader, K. (1989) Prevention of psychiatric morbidity in children after disaster. In OSAP Prevention Monograph - 2, Prevention of Mental Disorders, Alcohol and Other Drug Use in Children and Adolescents (eds Shaffer, D.
et al), . Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
Quarantelli, E. L. (1982) Sheltering and Housing After Major Community Disasters: Case Studies and General Observations.
Columbus: The Ohio State University Research Foundation.
Raphael, B. (1986) When Disaster Strikes, How Individuals and Communities Cope with Catastrophe.
New York: Basic Books Inc.
Ryan, B. (1988) Ma vérite sur les secours. Armenie, Diaspora Communication, , pp. 38–57.
Saigh, P. A. (1986) In vitro flooding in the treatment of a 6 year old boy's post-traumatic stress disorder. Behavior Research and Therapy, 24, 685–688.
Shore, J. H., Tatum, E. L. & Vollmer, V. M. (1986) Psychiatric reactions to disaster: The Mount St. Helens experience. American Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 590–595.
Terr, L. C. (1981) Psychic trauma in children: observations following the Chowchilla school-bus kidnapping. American Journal of Psychiatry, 138, 14–19.
Terr, L. C. (1983) Chowchilla revisited: the effects of psychic trauma four years after a school-bus kidnapping. American Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 1543–1550.
Walk, J. I. & Cavener, J. O. (1982) Vietnam veterans: their problems continue. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 170, 174–180.
Watts, J. (1989) Armenia speaks. Observer Magazine, , 48–58.
Western, J. S. & Milne, G. (1979) Some social effects of a natural hazard: Darwin residents and cyclone Tracy. In Natural Hazards in Australia (eds Heatcote, R. L.
et al). Canberra: Australian Academy of Science.
Wise, M. (1983) Post traumatic stress disorder, the human reaction to catastrophe. Drug Therapy, 8, 62–69.
Wisocki, B. A. & Whitney, E. (1965) Body image of crippled children as seen in draw a person. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 21, 499–504.
Wolff, R. (1987) Systemic desensitization and negative practice to alter the after effects of a rape attempt. Journal of Behavioral Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 8, 423–425.
Yule, W. & Williams, R. M. (1990) Post-traumatic stress reactions in children. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 3, 279–295.