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Prevalence and correlates of personality disorders in a community sample

  • Jack Samuels (a1), William W. Eaton (a2), O. Joseph Bienvenu (a1), Clayton H. Brown (a3), Paul T. Costa (a4) and Gerald Nestadt (a5)...
Abstract
Background

Knowledge of the prevalence and correlates of personality disorders in the community is important for identifying treatment needs and for provision of psychiatric services.

Aims

To estimate the prevalence of personality disorders in a community sample and to identify demographic subgroups with especially high prevalence.

Method

Clinical psychologists used the International Personality Disorder Examination to assess DSM-IVand ICD-10 personality disorders in a sample of 742 subjects, ages 34–94 years, residing in Baltimore, Maryland. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between demographic characteristics and DSM - IV personality disorder clusters.

Results

The estimated overall prevalence of DSM - IV personality disorders was 9%. Cluster A disorders were most prevalent in men who had never married. Cluster B disorders were most prevalent in young men without a high school degree, and cluster C disorders in high school graduates who had never married.

Conclusions

Approximately 9% ofthis community sample has a DSM-IV personality disorder. Personality disorders are over-represented in certain demographic subgroups ofthe community

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr Jack Samuels, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Meyer 4-181, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287. USA
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

Supported by National Institutes of Health grants MH506l6and MH47447, and ajohns Hopkins University School of Medicine Clinical Scientist Award (to J.B.).

Footnotes
References
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Prevalence and correlates of personality disorders in a community sample

  • Jack Samuels (a1), William W. Eaton (a2), O. Joseph Bienvenu (a1), Clayton H. Brown (a3), Paul T. Costa (a4) and Gerald Nestadt (a5)...
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