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Psychiatric classification – a developmental perspective

  • Jeremy Hall (a1) and Michael J. Owen (a1)
Summary

Current classification systems treat developmental and adult psychopathologies as separate. However, as risk factors for psychiatric disorders are identified it is increasingly clear that these can lead to multiple outcomes across different developmental stages. Research and classification schemes will therefore in the future need to adopt a lifespan approach to risk.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Jeremy Hall, Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute and the MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Cardiff University, Hadyn Ellis Building, Maindy Road, Cardiff CF24 4HQ, UK. Email hallj10@cardiff.ac.uk
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Declaration of interest

J.H. has received research grants from Pfizer, Abbvie and Astra Zeneca unrelated to the current article.

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References
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1 Owen, MJ. New approaches to psychiatric diagnostic classification. Neuron 2014; 84: 564–71.
2 Abel, KM, Wicks, S, Susser, ES, Dalman, C, Pedersen, MG, Mortensen, PB, et al. Birth weight, schizophrenia, and adult mental disorder: is risk confined to the smallest babies? Arch Gen Psychiatry 2010; 67: 923–30.
3 Murphy, KC, Jones, LA, Owen, MJ. High rates of schizophrenia in adults with velo-cardio-facial syndrome. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999; 56: 940–5.
4 Jonas, RK, Montojo, CA, Bearden, CE. The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome as a window into complex neuropsychiatric disorders over the lifespan. Biol Psychiatry 2014; 75: 351–60.
5 Niarchou, M, Zammit, S, van Goozen, SHM, Thapar, A, Tierling, HM, Owen, MJ, et al. Psychopathology and cognition in children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Br J Psychiatry 2014; 204: 4654.
6 Le Bel, RM, Pinedad, JA, Sharma, A. Motor-auditory-visual integration: the role of the human mirror neuron system in communication and communication disorders. J Commun Disord 2009; 42: 299304.
7 Konrad, K, Firk, C, Uhlhaas, PJ. Brain development during adolescence: neuroscientific insights into this developmental period. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2013; 110: 425–31.
8 Fromer, M, Pocklington, AJ, Kavanagh, DH, Williams, HJ, Dwyer, S, Gormley, P, et al. De novo mutations in schizophrenia implicate synaptic networks. Nature 2014; 506: 179–84.
9 Jones, P. The early origins of schizophrenia. Br Med Bull 1997; 53: 135–55.
10 Vorstman, JA, Breetvelt, EJ, Thode, KI, Chow, EW, Bassett, AS. Expression of autism spectrum and schizophrenia in patients with a 22q11.2 deletion. Schizophr Res 2013; 143: 55–9.
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Psychiatric classification – a developmental perspective

  • Jeremy Hall (a1) and Michael J. Owen (a1)
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