Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Psychiatric Morbidity in Survivors of Organised State Violence Including Torture: A Retrospective Series

  • Rosalind Ramsay (a1), Caroline Gorst-Unsworth (a2) and Stuart Turner (a3)

Abstract

The case notes documenting the psychological well-being of 100 survivors of torture and other forms of organised state violence were analysed retrospectively. The most common diagnoses were post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression, and somatoform disorders. Of these, PTSD showed the strongest association with experience of torture. It is possible that PTSD has a dimensional nature, and that reactions to different stressors are heterogeneous.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence

References

Hide All
(For a fuller list of references, see Turner, & Gorst-Unsworth, , 1990.)
American Psychiatric Association (1987) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd edn, revised) (DSM–III–R). Washington, DC: APA.
Goldfeld, A. E., Mollica, R. F., Pesavento, B. H., et al (1988) The physical and psychological sequelae of torture. Journal of the American Medical Association, 259, 27252729.
Horowitz, M. J. (1976) Stress Response Syndromes. New York: Jason Aronson.
Kroll, J., Habenicht, M., Mackenzie, T., et al (1989) Depression and posttraumatic stress disorder in Southeast Asian refugees. American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 15921597.
Mollica, R. F., Wyshak, G. & Lavelle, J. (1987) The psychosocial impact of war trauma and torture on Southeast Asian refugees. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 15671572.
Rachman, S. (1980) Emotional processing. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 18, 5160.
SPSS, Inc. (1983) SPSS-X User's Guide. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Turner, S. W. & Gorst-Unsworth, C. (1990) Psychological sequelae of torture, a descriptive model. British Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 475480.
Turner, S. W. & Gorst-Unsworth, C. (1992) Psychological reactions to torture. In The International Handbook of Traumatic Stress (eds Wilson, J. & Raphael, B.). New York: Plenum.
Turner, S. W. & Hough, A. (1992) Hyperventilation as a reaction to torture. In The International Handbook of Traumatic Stress (eds Wilson, J. & Raphael, B.). New York: Plenum.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Psychiatric Morbidity in Survivors of Organised State Violence Including Torture: A Retrospective Series

  • Rosalind Ramsay (a1), Caroline Gorst-Unsworth (a2) and Stuart Turner (a3)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *