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Residential care in Italy: National survey of non-hospital facilities

  • G. De Girolamo (a1), A. Picardi (a1), R. Micciolo (a2), I. Falloon (a3), A. Fioritti (a4) and P. Morosini (a1)...
Abstract
Background

In Italy, where all mental hospitals have been gradually phased out since 1978, psychiatric patients requiring long-term care are being treated in non-hospital residential facilities (NHRFs). However, detailed data on these facilities are sparse.

Aims

The Progetto Residenze (PROGRES) residential care project is a three-phase study, the first phase of which aims to survey the main characteristics of all Italian NHRFs.

Method

Structured interviews were conducted with the manager of each NHRF.

Results

On 31 May 2000 there were 1370 NHRFs with 17138 beds; an average of 12.5 beds each and a rate of 2.98 beds per 10 000 inhabitants. Residential provision varied ten-fold between regions and discharge rates were very low. Most had 24-hour staffing with 1.42 patients per full-time worker.

Conclusions

There is marked variability in the provision of residential places between different regions; discharge rates are generally low.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Dr G. de Girolamo, Department of Mental Health, Viale Pepoli 5, 40123 Bologna, Italy. Tel: +3951 6584377; fax: +3951 6584178, e-mail: gdg@iss.it
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

Funding was received from the National Institute of Health.

Footnotes
References
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The British Journal of Psychiatry
  • ISSN: 0007-1250
  • EISSN: 1472-1465
  • URL: /core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry
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Residential care in Italy: National survey of non-hospital facilities

  • G. De Girolamo (a1), A. Picardi (a1), R. Micciolo (a2), I. Falloon (a3), A. Fioritti (a4) and P. Morosini (a1)...
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