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Resilience in the Face of Adversity: Protective Factors and Resistance to Psychiatric Disorder

  • Michael Rutter (a1)


Almost since the beginnings of psychiatric practice, there has been a recognition that negative life experiences and stressful happenings may serve to precipitate mental disorders (Garmezy & Rutter, 1985). Nearly 200 years ago, Pinel wrote about the psychiatric risks associated with unexpected reverses or adverse circumstances, and it is reported that his initial question to newly admitted psychiatric patients was: “Have you suffered vexation, grief or reverse of fortune?” Nevertheless, although an appreciation that a variety of stressors may play a role in the genesis of psychiatric disorder has a long history, the systematic study of such effects is much more recent.



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Resilience in the Face of Adversity: Protective Factors and Resistance to Psychiatric Disorder

  • Michael Rutter (a1)
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