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Risk of dementia and death in community-dwelling older men with bipolar disorder

  • Osvaldo P. Almeida (a1), Kieran McCaul (a2), Graeme J. Hankey (a3), Bu B. Yeap (a4), Jonathan Golledge (a5) and Leon Flicker (a6)...

Abstract

Background

Bipolar disorder has been associated with cognitive decline, but confirmatory evidence from a community-derived sample of older people is lacking.

Aims

To investigate the 13-year risk of dementia and death in older adults with bipolar disorder.

Method

Cohort study of 37 768 men aged 65–85 years. Dementia (primary) and death (secondary), as recorded by electronic record linkage, were the outcomes of interest.

Results

Bipolar disorder was associated with increased adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of dementia (HR = 2.30, 95% CI 1.80–2.94). The risk of dementia was greatest among those with <5 years of history of bipolar disorder or who had had illness onset after 70 years of age. Bipolar disorder was also associated with increased mortality (HR = 1.51, 95% CI 1.28–1.77). Competing risk regression showed that bipolar disorder was associated with increased hazard of death by suicide, accidents, pneumonia or influenza, and diseases of the liver and digestive system.

Conclusions

Bipolar disorder in later life is associated with increased risk of dementia and premature death.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Professor Osvaldo P. Almeida, School of Psychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences (M573), University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, WA 6009, Australia. Email: osvaldo.almeida@uwa.edu.au

Footnotes

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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes

References

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Risk of dementia and death in community-dwelling older men with bipolar disorder

  • Osvaldo P. Almeida (a1), Kieran McCaul (a2), Graeme J. Hankey (a3), Bu B. Yeap (a4), Jonathan Golledge (a5) and Leon Flicker (a6)...

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Risk of dementia and death in community-dwelling older men with bipolar disorder

  • Osvaldo P. Almeida (a1), Kieran McCaul (a2), Graeme J. Hankey (a3), Bu B. Yeap (a4), Jonathan Golledge (a5) and Leon Flicker (a6)...
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