Bhugra, D. (1989) Attitudes towards mental illness: a review of the literature. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 80, 1–12.
Byrne, P. (1997) Psychiatric stigma: past, passing and to come. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 90, 618–621.
Camp, D. L., Finlay, W. M. L. & Lyons, E. (2002) Is low self-esteem inevitable in stigma?
Social Science and Medicine, 55, 823–834.
Corrigan, P.W. (2000) Mental health stigma as social attribution: implications for research methods and attitude change. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 7, 48–67.
Corrigan, P. (2004) How stigma interferes with mental health care. American Psychologist, 59, 614–625.
Corrigan, P.W. & Watson, A. C. (2002) The paradox ofself-stigma and mental illness. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 35–53.
Corrigan, P. W., River, L. P., Lundin, R. K., et al (2000) Stigmatising attributions about mental illness. Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 91–102.
Corrigan, P. W., Edwards, A. B., Green, A., et al (2001) Familiarity with and social distance from people who have serious mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 52, 953–958.
Corrigan, P., Thompson, V., Lambert, D., et al (2003) Perceptions of discrimination among persons with serious mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 54, 1105–1110.
Crocker, J. & Major, B. (1989) Social Stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma. Psychological Review, 96, 608–630.
Crocker, J. & Wolfe, C. T. (2001) Contigencies of self-worth. Psychological Review, 08, 593–623.
Day, N. E. & Shoenrade, P. (2000) The relationship among reported disclosure of sexual orientation, anti-discrimination policies, top management support and work attitudes of gay and lesbian employees. Personnel Review, 29, 346–363.
Dinos, S., Stevens, S., Serfaty, M., et al (2004) Stigma: the feelings and experiences of 46 people with mental illness. Qualitative study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 84, 176–181.
Dinos, S., Lyons, E. & Finlay, W. M. L. (2005) Does chronic illness place constraints on positive constructions of identity? Temporal comparisons and self-evaluations in people with mental illness. Social Science and Medicine, 60, 2239–2248.
Dovidio, J. F., Major, B. & Crocker, J. (2000) Stigma: introduction and overview. In The Social Psychology of Stigma (eds Heatherton, T. F., Kleck, R. E., Hebl, M. R., et al), pp. 1–13. Guilford.
Finlay, W. M. L., Dinos, S. & Lyons, E. (2001) Stigma and multiple social comparisons in people with schizophrenia. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 579–592.
Goffman, E. (1963) Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Penguin.
Hayward, P. & Bright, J. A. (1997) Stigma and mental illness: areview and critique. Journal of Mental Illness, 6, 345–354.
Jacoby, A. (1994) Felt versus enacted stigma: a concept revisited: evidence from a study of people with epilepsy in remission. Social Science and Medicine, 38, 269–274.
Judge, A. B. (1998) Psychotherapy and stigma scale: development and validation of an instrument to measure stigma as it is attached to seeking psychotherapy. Dissertation Abstracts International Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 58, 5123.
Link, B. G., Struening, E. L., Neese-Todd, S., et al (2001) Stigma as a barrier to recovery: the consequences of stigma for the self-esteem of people wiith mentall illness. Psychiatric Services, 52, 1621–1626.
Link, B. G., Miritznik, J. & Cullem, F. T. (1991) The effectiveness of stigma coping orientations: can negative consequences of mental illness labelling be avoided?
Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 32, 302–320.
Ritchie, J. H., Dick, D. & Lingham, R. (1994) The Report of the Inquiry into the Care and Treatment of Christopher Clunis. HMSO.
Ritsher, J. B., Otilingham, P. G. & Grajales, M. (2003) Internalised stigma of mental illness: psychometric properties of a new measure. Psychiatry Research, 121, 31–49.
Rosenberg, M. (1965) Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton University Press.
Rosenberg, M. (1979) Conceiving the Self. Basic Books.
Rusch, N., Angermeyer, M. C. & Corrigan, P.W. (2005) Mental illness stigma: concepts, consequences, and initiatives to reduce stigma. European Psychiatry, 20, 529–539.
Rusch, N., Lieb, K., Bohus, M., et al (2006) Self-stigma, empowerment, and perceived legitimacy of discrimination among women with mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 57, 399–402.
Rush, L. L. (1998) Affective reactions to multiple social stigmas. Journal of Social Psychology, 138, 421–430.
Wolff, G., Pathare, S., Craig, T., et al (1996) Community attitudes to mental illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 183–190.