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Timing of menarche and depressive symptoms in adolescent girls from a UK cohort

  • Carol Joinson (a1), Jon Heron (a1), Glyn Lewis (a1), Tim Croudace (a2) and Ricardo Araya (a3)...

Abstract

Background

A growing number of studies suggest a link between timing of menarche and risk of depressive symptoms in adolescence, but few have prospectively examined the emergence of depressive symptoms from late childhood into adolescence.

Aims

To examine whether girls who experience earlier menarche than their peers have higher levels of depressive symptoms in adolescence.

Method

The study sample comprised 2184 girls from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. The association between timing of menarche and depressive symptoms at 10.5, 13 and 14 years was examined within a structural equation model.

Results

Girls with early menarche (<11.5 years) had the highest level of depressive symptoms at 13 (P = 0.007) and 14 years (P<0.001) compared with those with normative and late timing of menarche.

Conclusions

Early maturing girls are at increased risk of depressive symptoms in adolescence and could be targeted by programmes aimed at early intervention and prevention.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Carol Joinson, PhD, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK Email: Carol.Joinson@bristol.ac.uk

Footnotes

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The UK Medical Research Council (grant no. 74882), the Wellcome Trust (grant no. 076467) and the University of Bristol provide core support for The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. This research was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (Developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms from late childhood to early adolescence: impact of gender, puberty and adversity – RES-000-22-2509). T.C. is supported by a Career Scientist Award in Public Mental Health from the UK Department of Health and by the NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLARHC) for Cambridgeshire and Peterborough.

Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes

References

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Timing of menarche and depressive symptoms in adolescent girls from a UK cohort

  • Carol Joinson (a1), Jon Heron (a1), Glyn Lewis (a1), Tim Croudace (a2) and Ricardo Araya (a3)...

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Timing of menarche and depressive symptoms in adolescent girls from a UK cohort

  • Carol Joinson (a1), Jon Heron (a1), Glyn Lewis (a1), Tim Croudace (a2) and Ricardo Araya (a3)...
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