Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet
2015; 386: 743–800.
Birnbaum, HG, Kessler, RC, Kelley, D, Ben-Hamadi, R, Joish, VN, Greenberg, PE. Employer burden of mild, moderate, and severe major depressive disorder: mental health services utilization and costs, and work performance. Depress Anxiety
2010; 27: 78–89.
Li, Y, Aggen, S, Shi, S, Gao, J, Li, Y, Tao, M, et al Subtypes of major depression: latent class analysis in depressed Han Chinese women. Psychol Med
2014; 44: 3275–88.
van Loo, HM, de Jonge, P, Romeijn, JW, Kessler, RC, Schoevers, RA. Data-driven subtypes of major depressive disorder: a systematic review. BMC Med
2012; 10: 156.
Moussavi, S, Chatterji, S, Verdes, E, Tandon, A, Patel, V, Ustun, B. Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: results from the World Health Surveys. Lancet
2007; 370: 851–8.
Ferrari, AJ, Charlson, FJ, Norman, RE, Patten, SB, Freedman, G, Murray, CJ, et al Burden of depressive disorders by country, sex, age, and year: findings from the global burden of disease study 2010. PLoS Med
2013; 10: e1001547.
World Health Organization. mhGAP Intervention Guide for Mental, Neurological and Substance Use Disorders in Non-Specialized Health Settings: Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP).
Lasalvia, A, Zoppei, S, Van Bortel, T, Bonetto, C, Cristofalo, D, Wahlbeck, K, et al Global pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination reported by people with major depressive disorder: a cross-sectional survey. Lancet
2013; 381: 55–62.
Clement, S, Schauman, O, Graham, T, Maggioni, F, Evans-Lacko, S, Bezborodovs, N, et al What is the impact of mental health-related stigma on help-seeking? A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies. Psychol Med
2015; 45: 11–27.
Chisholm, D, Diehr, P, Knapp, M, Patrick, D, Treglia, M, Simon, G. Depression status, medical comorbidity and resource costs. Evidence from an international study of major depression in primary care (LIDO). Br J Psychiatry
2003; 183: 121–31.
Kessler, RC. The costs of depression. Psychiatr Clin North Am
2012; 35: 1–14.
Krauth, C, Stahmeyer, JT, Petersen, JJ, Freytag, A, Gerlach, FM, Gensichen, J. Resource utilisation and costs of depressive patients in Germany: results from the primary care monitoring for depressive patients trial. Depress Res Treat
2014; 2014: 730891.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (4th edn) (DSM-IV).
Heeringa, S, Wells, E, Hubbard, F, Mneimneh, Z, Chiu, W, Sampson, N, et al Sample designs and sampling procedures. In The WHO World Mental Health Surveys: Global Perspectives on the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (eds Kessler, R, Ustun, T): 14–32. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Kessler, RC, Ustun, TB. The World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative Version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Int J Methods Psychiatr Res
2004; 13: 93–121.
Harkness, J, Pennell, B, Villar, A, Gebler, N, Aguilar-Gaxiola, S, Bilgen, I. Translation procedures and translation assessment in the World Mental Health Survey Initiative. In The WHO World Mental Health Surveys: Global Perspectives on the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (eds Kessler, R, Ustun, T): 91–113. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Simon, GE, Goldberg, DP, von, KM, Ustun, TB. Understanding cross-national differences in depression prevalence. Psychol Med
2002; 32: 585–94.
Bernert, S, Matschinger, H, Alonso, J, Haro, JM, Brugha, TS, Angermeyer, MC, et al Is it always the same? Variability of depressive symptoms across six European countries. Psychiatry Res
2009; 168: 137–44.
Schrier, AC, de Wit, MA, Rijmen, F, Tuinebreijer, WC, Verhoeff, AP, Kupka, RW, et al Similarity in depressive symptom profile in a population-based study of migrants in the Netherlands. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol
2010; 45: 941–51.
First, M, Spitzer, R, Gibbon, M, Williams, J. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Non-patient Edition (SCID-I/NP).
Biometrics Research, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 2002.
Haro, JM, Arbabzadeh-Bouchez, S, Brugha, TS, de Girolamo, G, Guyer, ME, Jin, R, et al Concordance of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Version 3.0 (CIDI 3.0) with standardized clinical assessments in the WHO World Mental Health surveys. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res
2006; 15: 167–80.
Merikangas, KR, Jin, R, He, JP, Kessler, RC, Lee, S, Sampson, NA, et al Prevalence and correlates of bipolar spectrum disorder in the world mental health survey initiative. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2011; 68: 241–51.
Wang, PS, Aguilar-Gaxiola, S, Alonso, J, Angermeyer, MC, Borges, G, Bromet, EJ, et al Use of mental health services for anxiety, mood, and substance disorders in 17 countries in the WHO world mental health surveys. Lancet
2007; 370: 841–50.
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Depression Guideline Panel, Vol 2: Treatment of Major Depression, Clinical Practice Guideline, No 5.
US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, 1993.
Lehman, AF, Steinwachs, DM. Translating research into practice: the Schizophrenia Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) treatment recommendations. Schizophr Bull
1998; 24: 1–10.
American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guidelines for Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders: Compendium.
American Psychiatric Association Press, 2006.
Demyttenaere, K, Bruffaerts, R, Posada-Villa, J, Gasquet, I, Kovess, V, Lepine, JP, et al Prevalence, severity, and unmet need for treatment of mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. JAMA
2004; 291: 2581–90.
Eaton, J, McCay, L, Semrau, M, Chatterjee, S, Baingana, F, Araya, R, et al Global Mental Health 4 Scale up of services for mental health in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet
2011; 378: 1592–603.
Kessler, RC, Sampson, NA, Berglund, P, Gruber, MJ, Al-Hamzawi, A, Andrade, L, et al Anxious and non-anxious major depressive disorder in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci
2015; 24: 210–26.
Eaton, J, McCay, L, Semrau, M, Chatterjee, S, Baingana, F, Araya, R, et al Scale up of services for mental health in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet
2011; 378: 1592–603.
Da Silva, M, Cohen, A, Patel, V. Evaluations of effectiveness in the real world. In Global Mental Health Trials (eds Thornicroft, G, Patel, V). Oxford University Press, 2014.
Wells, JE, Browne, MO, Aguilar-Gaxiola, S, Al-Hamzawi, A, Alonso, J, Angermeyer, MC, et al. Drop out from out-patient mental healthcare in the World Health Organization's World Mental Health Survey initiative. Br J Psychiatry
2013; 202: 42–9.
Barbui, C, Dua, T, Van, OM, Yasamy, MT, Fleischmann, A, Clark, N, et al Challenges in developing evidence-based recommendations using the GRADE approach: the case of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders. PLoS Med
2010; 7: e1000322.
Dua, T, Barbui, C, Clark, N, Fleischmann, A, Poznyak, V, van Ommeren, M, et al Evidence-based guidelines for mental, neurological, and substance use disorders in low- and middle-income countries: summary of WHO recommendations. PLoS Med
2011; 8: e1001122.
WHO. Preventing Suicide: A Global Imperative.
Andrade, LH, Alonso, J, Mneimneh, Z, Wells, JE, Al-Hamzawi, A, Borges, G, et al Barriers to mental health treatment: results from the WHO World Mental Health surveys. Psychol Med
2014; 44: 1303–17.
World Health Organization. Global Mental Health Action Plan 2013–2020.
United Nations. The 2030 Agenda for Global Action and the Sustainable Development Goals.
United Nations, 2015.
Thornicroft, G, Voruba, N. Does the United Nations care about mental health? The importance of the sustainable development goals. Lancet Psychiatry
2016; 3: 599–600.
Gureje, O, Thornicroft, G. Health equity and mental health in post-2015 sustainable development goals. Lancet Psychiatry
2015; 2: 12–4.