Beck, A. & Steer, R. (1989) Clinical predictors of eventual suicide: a 5- to 10-year prospective study of suicide attempters. Journal of Affective Disorders, 17, 203–209.
Beck, A., Schuyler, D. & Herman, J. (1974) Development of suicidal intent scales. In The Prediction of Suicide (eds A. Beck, H. Resnik & D. J. Lettieri), pp.45–56. Bowie, MD: Charles.
Charlton, J., Kelly, S., Dunnell, K., et al (1992) Trends in suicide deaths in England and Wales. Population Trends, 69, 10–16.
Dyer, J. A. T. & Kreitman, N. (1984) Hopelessness, depression and suicidal intent in parasuicide. British Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 127–133.
Hamdi, E., Amin, T. & Mattar, T. (1991) Clinical correlates of intent in attempted suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 83, 406–411.
Haw, C., Hawton, K., Houston, K., et al (2003) Correlates of relative lethality and suicidal intent among deliberate self-harm patients. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 33, 353–364.
Hawton, K. & Catalan, J. (1987) Attempted Suicide: A Practical Guide to its Nature and Management
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hawton, K. & Fagg, J. (1988) Suicide, and other causes of death, following attempted suicide. British Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 359–366.
Hawton, K., Harriss, L., Hall, S., et al (2003a) Deliberate self-harm in Oxford, 1990–2000: a time of change in patient characteristics. Psychological Medicine, 33, 987–996.
Hawton, K., Zahl, D. & Weatherall, R. (2003b) Suicide following deliberate self-harm: long-term follow-up of patients who presented to a general hospital. British Journal of Psychiatry, 182, 537–542.
Hjelmeland, H. (1996) Verbally expressed intentions of parasuicide. II. Prediction of fatal and non-fatal repetition. Crisis, 17, 10–14.
Hjelmeland, H., Stiles, T. C., Bille-Brahe, U., et al (1998) Parasuicide: the value of suicidal intent and various motives as predictors of future suicidal behaviour. Archives of Suicide Research, 4, 209–225.
Hjelmeland, H., Nordvik, H., Bille-Brahe, U., et al (2000) A cross–cultural study of suicide intent in parasuicide patients. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 30, 295–303.
Nimeus, A., Traskman-Bendz, L. & Alsen, M. (1997) Hopelessness and suicidal behaviour. Journal of Affective Disorders, 42, 137–144.
Nimeus, A., Alsen, M. & Traskman-Bendz, L. (2002) High suicidal intent scores indicate future suicide. Archives of Suicide Research, 6, 211–219.
Owens, D., Horrocks, J. & House, A. (2002) Fatal and non-fatal repetition of self-harm: systematic review. British Journal of Psychiatry, 181, 193–199.
Pierce, D. W. (1981) The predictive validation of a suicide intent scale: a five year follow up. British Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 391–396.
Pierce, D. W. (1984) Suicidal intent and repeated self-harm. Psychological Medicine, 14, 655–659.
Platt, S., Hawton, K., Kreitman, N., et al (1988) Recent clinical and epidemiological trends in parasuicide in Edinburgh and Oxford: a tale of two cities. Psychological Medicine, 18, 405–418.
Sakinofsky, I. (2000) Repetition of suicidal behaviour. In The International Handbook of Suicide and Attempted Suicide (eds K. Hawton & K. Van Heeringen), pp. 385–404. Chichester: Wiley.
Scocco, P., Marietta, P., Tonietto, M., et al (2000) The role of psychopathology and suicidal intention in predicting suicide risk: a longitudinal study. Psychopathology, 33, 143–150.
Sellar, C., Goldacre, M. J. & Hawton, K. (1990) Reliability of routine hospital data on poisoning as measures of deliberate self-poisoning in adolescents. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 44, 313–315.
Shearer, S. L. (1994) Brief reports: phenomenology of self-injury among inpatient women with borderline personality disorder. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 182, 524–526.
SPSS Inc. (2000) SPSS Base 10.0 Users' Guide
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
World Health Organization (1978) International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems
. Geneva: WHO.