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SAGE: preliminary evaluation of an instrument for observing competence in CBT supervision

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 December 2011

Derek L. Milne*
School of Psychology, Newcastle University, UK
Robert P. Reiser
Palo Alto University, CA, USA
Tom Cliffe
School of Psychology, Newcastle University, UK
Rosamund Raine
School of Psychology, Newcastle University, UK
*Author for correspondence: D. L. Milne, Ph.D., School of Psychology, Ridley Building, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK (email:


Clinical supervision plays a recognized role in facilitating practitioner development and in promoting therapeutic fidelity, but instruments that can support such activities by measuring competence in supervision are rare and often psychometrically compromised. As part of a research programme intended to raise the empirical status of supervision, we describe the initial psychometric development of a new instrument for observing competence (Supervision: Adherence and Guidance Evaluation; SAGE). This instrument is suitable for measuring CBT supervision, and can be administered by self-rating or by an independent observer. Preliminary tests of the reliability and validity of SAGE suggest that it is a promising tool for evaluating supervision. In addition, SAGE can be applied readily and has good utility. In these respects, SAGE appears to have some advantages over existing instruments, and may therefore provide a basis for enhancing research and practice in CBT supervision. Suggestions for future research on SAGE are outlined, particularly the need for a generalizability analysis.

Education and supervision
Copyright © British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies 2011

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