Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Authorship, gender and geography in journals published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists

  • Mercy E. Ochuko-Emore (a1), Julian Beezhold (a1) and Jide Morakinyo (a2)
Abstract
Aims and method

To determine female authorship of original articles and editorials between January 1997 and December 2008 in the British Journal of Psychiatry and the Psychiatric Bulletin. Editorials from Advances in Psychiatric Treatment and the geographical region of the female first author of original articles were also included in the study.

Results

The gender was determined for 99.2% of the 2324 first authors of original articles and 100% of the 614 editorials. The percentage of original articles by female first authors fluctuated over the study period, ranging from 22.5 to 42.1% (mean 33.6) in the British Journal of Psychiatry, and from 25.5 to 46.8% (mean 37.6) in the Psychiatric Bulletin. There was a gross underrepresentation of females as first authors of editorials in all three journals. The percentage of female first authors of original articles from low- and middle-income countries ranged from 0.3 to 3.4% in both the British Journal of Psychiatry and the Psychiatric Bulletin.

Clinical implications

There is an increasing trend in female first authorship of original articles. However, females remain underrepresented, especially in editorials, in the British psychiatric journals examined. The representation of female first authors from low- and middle-income countries is disproportionately low. Strategies to address these inequalities should be implemented.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Authorship, gender and geography in journals published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Authorship, gender and geography in journals published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Authorship, gender and geography in journals published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Mercy E. Ochuko-Emore (mercy.ochuko-emore@nwmhp.nhs.uk)
Footnotes
Hide All

Declaration of interest

M.E.O-E. is female.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
1 Killaspy, H, Johnson, S, Livingston, G, Hassiotis, A, Robertson, M. Women in academic psychiatry in the United Kingdom. Psychiatr Bull 2003; 27: 323–6.
2 Jagsi, R, Guancial, EA, Worobey, CC, Henault, LE, Chang, Y, Starr, R, et al. The ‘gender gap’ in authorship of academic medical literature: a 35-year perspective. N Engl J Med 2006; 355: 281–7.
3 Howard, L. Women in academic psychiatry. Psychiatr Bull 2003; 27: 321–2.
4 Greenfield, S, Peters, J, Lane, N, Rees, T, Samuels, G. SET Fair: A Report on Women in Science, Engineering and Technology. Department of Trade and Industry/HMSO, 2002.
5 McSweeney, FK, Donahoe, P, Swindell, S. Women in applied behavior analysis. Behav Anal 2000; 23: 267–77.
6 Reiser, LW, Sledge, WH, Fenton, W, Leaf, P. Beginning careers in academic psychiatry for women: ‘Bermuda Triangle’? Am J Psychiatry 1993; 150: 1392–7.
7 Dickersin, K, Fredman, L, Flegal, K, Scott, JD, Crawley, B. Is there a sex bias in choosing editors? Epidemiology journal as an example. JAMA 1998; 280: 260–4.
8 Porter, CL, Christian, L, Polling, A. Participation of women as authors and editors in journals concerned with mental retardation and related topics. Ment Retard 2003; 41: 16.
9 Barnett, RC, Carr, P, Boisnier, AD. Relationship of gender and career motivation to medical faculty members' production of academic publications. Acad Med 1988; 73: 180–6.
10 Leibenluft, E, Dial, TH, Haviland, MG, Pincus, HA. Sex differences in rank attainment and research activities among academic psychiatrists. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993; 50: 896904.
11 Alonso-Arroyo, A, Gonzalez-Alcaide, G, Bolanos Pizarro, M, Castello Cogollos, L, Valderrama-Zurian, JC, Aleixandre-Benavent, R. Gender analysis of papers published in Actas Espanolas de Psiquiatria (1999-2006). Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2008; 36: 314–22.
12 Opgenhaffen, M, Vansteelandt, K, Germeau, P, Pieters, G. Toename van het percentage vrouwelijke auteurs in de internationale psychiatrische vakliteratuur sinds 1970. [Increase in the percentage of female authors in the international psychiatric literature since 1970.] Tijdschr Psychiatr 2008; 50: 419–23.
13 Bhattacharyya, N, Shapiro, NL. Increased female authorship in otolaryngology over the past three decades. Laryngoscope 2000; 110: 358–61.
14 Kurichi, JE, Kelz, RR, Sonnad, SS. Women authors of surgical research. Arch Surg 2005; 140: 1074–7.
15 Wilson, S, Eagles, JM. The feminisation of psychiatry: changing gender balance in the psychiatric workforce. Psychiatr Bull 2006; 30: 321–3.
16 Carr, PL, Ash, AS, Friedman, RH, Scaramucci, A, Barnett, RC, Szalacha, LEDM, et al. Relation of family responsibilities and gender to the productivity and career satisfaction of medical faculty. Ann Intern Med 1998; 129: 532–8.
17 Buckley, LM, Sanders, K, Shih, M, Hampton, CL. Attitude of clinical faculty about career progress, career success and recognition and commitment to academic medicine: result of a survey. Arch Intern Med 2000; 160: 2625–9.
18 Wenneras, C, Wold, A. Nepotism and sexism in peer-review. Nature 1997; 387: 341–3.
19 Yedidia, MJ, Bickel, K. Why aren't there more women leaders in academic medicine? The views of clinical department chairs. Acad Med 2001; 76: 453–65.
20 George, S, Dhaya, D, Oyebode, F. Five-year study (2000-2004) of trainees' publications in the Psychiatric Bulletin . Psychiatr Bull 2006; 30: 306–8.
21 Patel, V, Kim, Y-R. Contribution of low- and middle-income countries to research published in leading general psychiatric journals, 2002-2004. Br J Psychiatry 2007; 190: 77–8.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 1758-3209
  • EISSN: 1758-3217
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 2 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 12 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 3rd January 2018 - 27th May 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Authorship, gender and geography in journals published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists

  • Mercy E. Ochuko-Emore (a1), Julian Beezhold (a1) and Jide Morakinyo (a2)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *