Yanshi, Li, ‘Women Yao Wei Dengdai Er Dengdai Ma? Fang Taiwan Dangdai Chuanqi Yishu Zongjian Wu Xingguo’, Shanghai Xiju, 9 (2015), pp. 12–13
, here p. 13.
McMillan, Dougald and Fehsenfeld, Martha, Beckett in the Theatre: The Author as Practical Playwright and Director (London and New York: Riverrun Press, 1988), pp. 143–8.
An-ch'i, Wang, Taiwan Jingju Wushi Nian (Taipei: Guoli Chuantong Yishu Zhongxin, 2002), p. 89
An-ch'i, Wang, ‘Xu San: Yishu Yuejie’, in Lu, Chienying, ed., Juejing Mengya: Wu Xingguo De Dangdai Chuanqi (Taipei: Tianxia Yuanjian, 2006), pp. 68–72
, here p. 69.
5 See Li, ‘Women Yao Wei Dengdai Er Dengdai Ma?’, p. 12.
Ruru, Li, The Soul of Beijing Opera: Theatrical Creativity and Continuity in the Changing World (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2010), p. 259
Youhan, Chen, Xiqu Biaoyan Gailun (Beijing: Wenhua Yishu Chubanshe, 1996), p. 246.
Craig, George and Gunn, Daniel, eds., The Letters of Samuel Beckett, Vol. II, 1941–1956 (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011), p. 392
Gussow, Mel, Conversations with (and about) Beckett (London: Nick Hern, 1996), p. 41.
Cohn, Ruby, Samuel Beckett: The Comic Gamut (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1962), p. 211
12 Gussow, Conversations with (and about) Beckett, p. 33.
Waiting for Godot: A Tragi-comedy in Two Acts
, in The Complete Dramatic Works (London: Faber and Faber, 2006), pp. 7–88
, here p. 34.
Bianchini, Natka, Samuel Beckett's Theatre in America: The Legacy of Alan Schneider as Beckett's American Director (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), p. 30.
Kalb, Jonathan, Beckett in Performance (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), p. 24
Iser, Wolfgang, Prospecting: From Reader Response to Literary Anthropology (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989), p. 152.
18 Li, The Soul of Beijing Opera, p. 260.
Riley, Jo, Chinese Theatre and the Actor in Performance (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), p. 178.
20 Specificities differ in different actors’ systems. See ibid., p. 88.
Hsing-kuo, Wu, ‘Canque Yu Cibei De Xiaorong’, Fujian Yishu, 1 (2006), pp. 54–6, here p. 56.
22 See Beckett, Waiting for Godot, pp. 58–9.
23 This translation is based on the original English subtitle in the DVD of this production. I made some changes to represent the syntactical structures of the original Chinese.
24 Wu Hsing-kuo, ‘Interview with Wu Hsing-kuo’ by Wei Feng (15 May 2014). Wu told me that this passage was added and written by Chin Shih-chieh to make it sound ridiculously funny. They planned to demonstrate how the two tramps made a big fuss of waiting.
25 For details of jingju’s lyric structure see
Wichmann, Elizabeth, Listening to Theatre: The Aural Dimension of Beijing Opera (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1991), pp. 33–8.
Zhaonian, Zhu, Gudian Xiqu Bianju Liulun (Beijing: Zhongguo Xiju Chubanshe, 1986), p. 43.
27 Wichmann, Listening to Theatre, pp. 204, 203.
Thorpe, Ashley, The Role of the Chou (‘Clown’) in Traditional Chinese Drama: Comedy, Criticism, and Cosmology on the Chinese Stage (Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 2007), p. 173
Peacock, Louise, Slapstick and Comic Performance: Comedy and Pain (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014), p. 36.
Tatinge Nascimento, Cláudia, Crossing Cultural Borders through the Actor's Work: Foreign Bodies of Knowledge (London: Routledge, 2009), p. 10.
Rushan, Qi, Qi Rushan Tan Mei Lanfang (Beijing: Wenhua Yishu Chubanshe, 2015), p. 133.
31 Thorpe, The Role of the Chou, p. 7.
Dale, Alan, Comedy Is a Man in Trouble: Slapstick in American Movies (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000), p. 3.
Bevis, Matthew, Comedy: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), p. 29.
35 McMillan and Fehsenfeld, Beckett in the Theatre, p. 141.
Bergson, Henri, Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic, trans. Brereton, Cloudesely (Rockville: Arc Manor, 2008), p. 43.
38 Wichmann, Listening to Theatre, p. 4.
Marmysz, John, Laughing at Nothing: Humor as a Response to Nihilism (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003), p. 125
Faraone, Mario, ‘“Pity We Haven't a Piece of Rope”: Beckett, Zen and the Lack of a Piece of Rope’, in Guardamagna, Daniela and Sebellin, Rossana M., eds., The Tragic Comedy of Samuel Beckett: Beckett in Rome, 17–19 April 2008 (Rome: Università degli Studi di Roma, 2009), pp. 156–76.
41 See ‘Xingsu Xin Zhongguo Xiqu’, Ershiyi Shiji, 112 (2009), pp. 90–6, here p. 94.
Conrad Hyers, M., Zen and the Comic Spirit (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1974), p. 39
44 Wu, ‘Canque Yu Cibei De Xiaorong’, p. 56.