Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

What Drives Institutional Reforms in Regional Organisations? Diffusion, Contextual Conditions, and the Modular Design of ASEAN

  • Anja Jetschke (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

What drives institutional reforms in regional organisations? And what explains the institutional design of ASEAN? Despite many differences, conventional approaches to the institutional design of regional organisations more generally and ASEAN in particular are united in regarding them as either determined by factors endogenous to the region − such as varying state interests or collective norms − or as exogenously driven, most importantly by hegemonic states like the US or China. This article offers a diffusion account of ASEAN's institutional design. Building on a more recent strand in the diffusion literature emphasising that diffusion rarely leads to convergence, the article makes two genuine contributions. First, it argues that members of regional organisations engage in modular adoption: they select institutional templates from a variety of regional as well as international organisations thereby taking advantage of available information on the costs and benefits of alternative institutions. Second, it argues that contextual conditions and cognitive priors influence what templates are chosen. The argument will be illustrated with a case study on ASEAN's adoption of a single market and a dispute settlement mechanism. Finally, and contrary to arguments that institutional borrowing might increase the expectations-deliverance gap within regional organisations, it argues that if conducted consistently, modular adoption can lead to substantial innovation and success.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Amitav Acharya . 2004. How ideas spread: whose norms matter? Norm localization and institutional change in Asian regionalism. International Organization 58(2), 239275.

Amitav Acharya . 2009b. Whose Ideas Matter? Agency and Power in Asian Regionalism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Alice Ba . 2013. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations: between internal and external legitimacy. In Dominik Zaum (ed.), Legitimating International Organizations, pp. 132161. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Alice Ba . 2014. Institutional divergence and convergence in the Asia-Pacific? ASEAN in practice and in theory. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 27(2), 295318.

Nathaniel Beck , Kristian Skrede Gleditsch and Kyle Beardsley . 2006. Space is more than geography: using spatial econometrics in the study of political economy. International Studies Quarterly 50(1), 2744.

Jens Beckert . 2010. Institutional isomorphism revisited: convergence and divergence in institutional change. Sociological Theory 28(2), 150166.

Mark Beeson and Shaun Breslin . 2014. Regional and global forces in East Asia's economic engagement with international society. In Barry Buzan and Yongjin Zhang (eds.), Contesting International Society in East Asia, pp. 93118. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mark Beeson and Diane Stone . 2013. The European Union model's influence in Asia after the global financial crisis. European Journal of East Asian Studies 12(2), 124.

Michael Blauberger . 2012. With Luxembourg in mind … the remaking of national policies in the face of ECJ jurisprudence. Journal of European Public Policy 19(1), 109126.

Tanja Börzel and Thomas Risse . 2011. When Europeanisation meets diffusion: exploring new territory. West European Politics 35(1), 192207.

Dietmar Braun and Gilardi Fabrizio . 2006. Taking Galton's problem seriously: towards a theory of policy diffusion. Journal of Theoretical Politics 18(3), 298322.

Anne-Marie Burley and Walter Mattli . 1993. Europe before the court: a political theory of legal integration. International Organization 47(1), 4176.

Giovanni Capanelli , Jong-Wha Lee and Peter Petri . 2010. Economic interdependence in Asia: developing indicators for regional integration and cooperation. Singapore Economic Review 55(1), 125161.

Stephane Dees , Filippo di Mauro , M. Hashem Pesaran and L. Vanessa Smith . 2007. Exploring the international linkages of the euro area: a global VAR analysis. Journal of Applied Econometrics 22(1), 138.

Francesco Duina and Tobias Lenz . 2016. Regionalism and diffusion revisited: from final design towards stages of decision-making. Review of International Studies 42(4), 125.

Zachary Elkins and Beth Simmons . 2005. On waves, clusters, and diffusion: a conceptual framework. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 598, 3351.

Geoffrey Garrett . 1995. The politics of legal integration in the European Union. International Organization 49(1), 171181.

Fabrizio Gilardi . 2010. Who learns from what in policy diffusion processes? American Journal of Political Science 54(3), 650666.

Yoram Z. Haftel and Alexander Thompson . 2006. The independence of international organizations. Journal of Conflict Resolution 50(2), 253275.

Shahar Hameiri . 2013. Theorising regions through changes in statehood: rethinking the theory and method of comparative regionalism. Review of International Studies 39(2), 313335.

Raymond Hicks and Soo Yeon Kim . 2015. Does enforcement matter? Judicialization in PTAs and trade flows. World Trade Review 14(1), 83106.

Katharina Holzinger and Christoph Knill . 2005. Causes and conditions of cross-national policy convergence. Journal of European Public Policy 12(5), 775796.

Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks . 2015. Delegation and pooling in international organizations. Review of International Organizations 10(3), 305328.

Anja Jetschke . 2009. Institutionalizing ASEAN: celebrating Europe through network governance. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 22(3), 407426.

Anja Jetschke and Philomena Murray . 2012. Diffusing regional integration: the EU and Southeast Asia. West European Politics 35(1), 174191.

Robyn Klinger-Vidra and Philip Schleifer . 2014. Convergence more or less: why do practices vary as they diffuse? International Studies Review 16(2), 264274.

Barbara Koremenos . 2007. If only half of international agreements have dispute resolution provisions, which half needs explaining? The Journal of Legal Studies 36(1), 189212.

Sebastian Krapohl and Simon Fink . 2012. Different paths of regional integration: trade networks and regional institution-building in Europe, Southeast Asia and Southern Africa. Journal of Common Market Studies 51(3), 472488.

David A. Lake 2007. Delegating divisible sovereignty: sweeping a conceptual minefield. Review of International Organizations 2(3), 219–37.

Chang Kil Lee and David Strang . 2006. The international diffusion of public-sector downsizing: network emulation and theory-driven learning. International Organization 60(4), 883909.

Tobias Lenz . 2012. Spurred emulation: the EU and regional integration in Mercosur and SADC. West European Politics 35(1), 155173.

David Levi-Faur . 2005. The global diffusion of regulatory capitalism. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 598(1), 1232.

Martino Maggetti and Fabrizio Gilardi . 2016. Problems (and solutions) in the measurement of policy diffusion mechanisms. Journal of Public Policy 36(1), 87107.

Gabrielle Marceau . 2007. The adoption of the ‘best practices’ for regional and free trade agreements in APEC: a road towards more WTO-consistent regional trade agreements? In Taniguchi Yasuhei , Alan Yanovic and Jan Bohanes (eds.), The WTO in the Twenty-First Century: Dispute Settlement, Negotiations, and Regionalism in Asia, pp. 409422. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Helen Milner and Keiko Kubota . 2005. Why the move to free trade? Democracy and trade policy in the developing countries. International Organization 59(1), 107143.

Gino Naldi . 2014. The ASEAN protocol on dispute settlement mechanisms: an appraisal. Journal of International Dispute Settlement 5(1), 134.

Claudio M. Radaelli 2005. Diffusion without convergence: how political context shapes the adoption of regulatory impact assessment. Journal of European Public Policy 12(5), 924943.

John Ravenhill . 2008. Fighting irrelevance: an economic community ‘with ASEAN characteristics’. The Pacific Review 21(4), 469–88.

Jürgen Rüland and Karsten Bechle . 2014. Defending state-centric regionalism through mimicry and localisation: regional parliamentary bodies in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Mercosur. Journal of International Relations and Development 17(1), 6188.

James McCall Smith . 2000. The politics of dispute settlement design: explaining legalism in regional trade pacts. International Organization 54(1), 137180.

Shang-Jin Wei and Jeffrey Frankel . 1998. Open regionalism in a world of continental trade blocks. IMF Staff Papers 45(3), 440453.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

TRaNS: Trans-Regional and -National Studies of Southeast Asia
  • ISSN: 2051-364X
  • EISSN: 2051-3658
  • URL: /core/journals/trans-trans-regional-and-national-studies-of-southeast-asia
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 63 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 296 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 4th January 2017 - 26th July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.