Yang, Jinnan Pahng, Joshua and Wang, Guo-Yong 2012. Dopamine modulates the off pathway in light-adapted mouse retina. Journal of Neuroscience Research, p. n/a.
CROOK, JOANNA D. PACKER, ORIN S. and DACEY, DENNIS M. 2014. A synaptic signature for ON- and OFF-center parasol ganglion cells of the primate retina. Visual Neuroscience, Vol. 31, Issue. 01, p. 57.
Masland, Richard H. 2012. The Neuronal Organization of the Retina. Neuron, Vol. 76, Issue. 2, p. 266.
Schwartz, Greg and Rieke, Fred 2011. Nonlinear spatial encoding by retinal ganglion cells: when 1 + 1 ≠ 2. The Journal of General Physiology, Vol. 138, Issue. 3, p. 283.
Weick, Michael and Demb, Jonathan B. 2011. Delayed-Rectifier K Channels Contribute to Contrast Adaptation in Mammalian Retinal Ganglion Cells. Neuron, Vol. 71, Issue. 1, p. 166.
Garvert, Mona M. and Gollisch, Tim 2013. Local and Global Contrast Adaptation in Retinal Ganglion Cells. Neuron, Vol. 77, Issue. 5, p. 915.
Gregg, Ronald G. McCall, Maureen A. and Massey, Stephen C. 2013. Retina.
Gollisch, Tim 2013. Features and functions of nonlinear spatial integration by retinal ganglion cells. Journal of Physiology-Paris, Vol. 107, Issue. 5, p. 338.
Huang, Jin Y. and Protti, Dario A. 2016. The impact of inhibitory mechanisms in the inner retina on spatial tuning of RGCs. Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, p. 21966.
FAMIGLIETTI, EDWARD V. 2016. Neural architecture of the “transient” ON directionally selective (class IIb1) ganglion cells in rabbit retina, partly co-stratified with starburst amacrine cells. Visual Neuroscience, Vol. 33,
Wang, Xin Sommer, Friedrich T and Hirsch, Judith A 2011. Inhibitory circuits for visual processing in thalamus. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Vol. 21, Issue. 5, p. 726.
Werblin, Frank S. 2011. The retinal hypercircuit: a repeating synaptic interactive motif underlying visual function. The Journal of Physiology, Vol. 589, Issue. 15, p. 3691.
Pang, Ji-Jie Gao, Fan and Wu, Samuel M. 2012. Ionotropic glutamate receptors mediate OFF responses in light-adapted ON bipolar cells. Vision Research, Vol. 68, p. 48.
Asari, Hiroki and Meister, Markus 2014. The Projective Field of Retinal Bipolar Cells and Its Modulation by Visual Context. Neuron, Vol. 81, Issue. 3, p. 641.
Taylor, WR and Smith, RG 2011. Trigger features and excitation in the retina. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Vol. 21, Issue. 5, p. 672.
ZHANG, CHI and McCALL, MAUREEN A. 2012. Receptor targets of amacrine cells. Visual Neuroscience, Vol. 29, Issue. 01, p. 11.
Yoshimatsu, T. Suzuki, S.C. and Wong, R.O.L. 2013. Cellular Migration and Formation of Neuronal Connections.
Demb, Jonathan B. and Singer, Joshua H. 2015. Functional Circuitry of the Retina. Annual Review of Vision Science, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 263.
Rosa, Juliana M. Ruehle, Sabine Ding, Huayu and Lagnado, Leon 2016. Crossover Inhibition Generates Sustained Visual Responses in the Inner Retina. Neuron, Vol. 90, Issue. 2, p. 308.
Turner, Maxwell H. and Rieke, Fred 2016. Synaptic Rectification Controls Nonlinear Spatial Integration of Natural Visual Inputs. Neuron, Vol. 90, Issue. 6, p. 1257.
Early retinal studies categorized ganglion cell behavior as either linear or nonlinear and rectifying as represented by the familiar X- and Y-type ganglion cells in cat. Nonlinear behavior is in large part a consequence of the rectifying nonlinearities inherent in synaptic transmission. These nonlinear signals underlie many special functions in retinal processing, including motion detection, motion in motion, and local edge detection. But linear behavior is also required for some visual processing tasks. For these tasks, the inherently nonlinear signals are “linearized” by “crossover inhibition.” Linearization utilizes a circuitry whereby nonlinear ON inhibition adds with nonlinear OFF excitation or ON excitation adds with OFF inhibition to generate a more linear postsynaptic voltage response. Crossover inhibition has now been measured in most bipolar, amacrine, and ganglion cells. Functionally crossover inhibition enhances edge detection, allows ganglion cells to recognize luminance-neutral patterns with their receptive fields, permits ganglion cells to distinguish contrast from luminance, and maintains a more constant conductance during the light response. In some cases, crossover extends the operating range of cone-driven OFF ganglion cells into the scotopic levels. Crossover inhibition is also found in neurons of the lateral geniculate nucleus and V1.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.