Hostname: page-component-797576ffbb-lm8cj Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-12-05T11:07:47.377Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

Potential applications of ginger (Zingiber officinale) in poultry diets

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 May 2012

Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, KPK Agricultural University, Peshawar, Pakistan
Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, GC University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Razi University, Iran
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 700100 Valenzano, Bari, Italy
Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Razi University, Iran
Department of Livestock Management, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, KPK Agricultural University, Peshawar, Pakistan
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 700100 Valenzano, Bari, Italy
Corresponding author:
Get access


In the last decade, there has been growing interest in the use of natural herbs and medicinal plants as feed additives in poultry diets to maximise their potential output. Ginger is one such potential rhizome with a wide range of medicinal effects. In broilers and layers, this plant has been used in different forms, doses and durations. In this review, documented effects of ginger in poultry feed on feed intake and feed conversion ratio, growth and weight gain, carcass yield, egg production and quality, antioxidants and blood biochemistry, with their possible mechanisms of action, are discussed.

Review Article
Copyright © World's Poultry Science Association 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


AESCHBACH, R., LOLIGER, J., SCOTT, B.C., MURCIA, A., BUTLER, J., HALLIWELL, B. and ARUOMA, O.I. (1994) Antioxidant actions of thymol, carvacrol, 6-gingerol, zingerone and hydroxytyrosol. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32: 31-36.Google Scholar
AKBARIAN, A., ABOLGHASEM, G., AHMADI, S. and HOSSEIN, M. (2011) Effects of ginger root (Zingiber officinale) on egg yolk cholesterol, antioxidant status and performance of laying hens. Journal of Applied Animal Science 39: 19-21.Google Scholar
AKOACHERE, J.F.T.K., NDIP, R.N., CHENWI, E.B., NDIP, L.M., NJOCK, T.E., ANONG, and D.N., (2002) Antibacterial effect of Zingiber officinale and Garcinia kola on respiratory tract pathogens. East African Medical Journal 79: 588-592.Google Scholar
AL-HOMIDAN, A.A. (2005) Efficacy of using different sources and levels of Allium sativum and Zingiber officinale on broiler chicks performance. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 12: 96-102.Google Scholar
ALI, B.H., BLUNDEN, G., TANIRA, M.O. and NEMMAR, A. (2008) Some phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological properties of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe): A review of recent research. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 46: 409-420.Google Scholar
CASPARY, W.F. (1992) Physiology and pathophysiology of intestinal absorption. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 55: 299s-308s.Google Scholar
DIARRA, S.S., KWARI, I.D., GIRGIRI, Y.A., SALEH, B. and IGWEBUIKE, J.U. (2011) The use of sorrel (Hibiscuss sabdariffa) seed as a feed ingredient for poultry: A review. Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences 1: 573-577.Google Scholar
DOU, Y., GREGERSEN, S., ZHAO, J., ZHUANG, F. and GREGERSEEN, H. (2002) Morphometric and biochemical intestinal remodeling induced by fasting in rats. Digestive Diseases Science 47: 1158-1168.Google Scholar
EL-DEEK, A.A., ATTIA, Y.A., MAYSA, M. and HANNFY, M. (2002) Effect of anise (Pimpinella anisum), ginger(Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and their mixture on performance of broilers. Archiv für Geflügelkunde 67: 92-96.Google Scholar
FARINU, G.O., ADEMOLA, S.G., AJAYI, A.O. and BABATUNDE, G.M. (2004) Growth, haematological and biochemical studies on garlic and ginger-fed broiler chickens. Moor Journal of Agriculture Research 5: 122-128.Google Scholar
FUHRMAN, B., ROSENBLAT, M., HAYEK, T., COLEMAN, R. and AVIRAM, M. (2000) Ginger extract consumption reduces plasma cholesterol, inhibits LDL oxidation and attenuates development of atherosclerosis in atherosclerotic, apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Journal of Nutrition 130: 1124-1131.Google Scholar
GANISWARNA, S.G. (1995) Farmakologi dan Terapi (Pharmacology and Teraphy). Medical Faculty, Indonesia University, Gaya Baru Jakarta, pp: 471.Google Scholar
GARLAND, C.D., LEE, A. and DICKSON, M.R. (1982) Segmented filamentous bacteria in the rodent small intestine: their colonization of growing animals and possible role in host resistance to Salmonella. Microbial Ecology 8: 181-190.Google Scholar
HECZKO, U., ABE, A. and FINLAY, B.B. (2000) In vivo interactions of rabbit enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O103 with its host: an electron microscopic and histopathologic study. Microbes Infection 2: 5-16.Google Scholar
HERAWATI, (2010) The Effect of Feeding Red Ginger as Phytobiotic on Body Weight Gain, Feed Conversion and Internal Organs Condition of Broiler. International Journal of Poultry Science 9(10): 963-967.Google Scholar
HUANG, S.W. and FRANKEL, E.N. (1997) Antioxidant activity of tea catechins in different lipid systems. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 45: 3033-3038.Google Scholar
INCHAROEN, T. and YAMAUCHI, K. (2009) Production performance, egg quality and intestinal histology in laying hens fed dietary dried fermented ginger. International Journal of Poultry Science 8: 1078-1085.Google Scholar
JAVED, M., DURRANI, F., HAFEEZ, A., KHAN, R.U. and AHMAD, I. (2009) Effect of aqueous extract of plant mixture on carcass quality of broiler chicks. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 4: 37-40.Google Scholar
KAUSAR, R., RIZVI, F. and ANJUM, A.D. (1999) Effect of Carminative mixture on health of broiler chicks. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 2: 1074-1077.Google Scholar
KHAN, R.U. (2011) Antioxidants and poultry semen quality. World's Poultry Science Journal 67: 297-308.Google Scholar
KIKUZAKI, H. and NAKATANI, N. (1996) Cyclic diarylheptanoids from rhizomes of Zingiber officinale. Phytochemistry 43: 273-277.Google Scholar
KUO, J.M., YEH, D.B. and PAN, B.S. (1999) Rapid photometric assay evaluating antioxidative activity in edible plant material. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 47: 3206-3209.Google Scholar
LANGHOUT, D.J., SCHUTTE, J.B., VAN LEEUWEN, P., WIEBENGA, J. and TAMMINGA, S. (1999) Effect of dietary high and low methyllated citrus pectin on the activity of the ileal microflora and morphology of the small intestinal wall of broiler chickens. British Poultry Science 40: 340-347.Google Scholar
LARSEN, K., IBRAHIM, H., KHAW, S.H. and SAW, L.G. (1999) Gingers of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.Google Scholar
MANESH, M.K. (2012) Influence of poly germander (Teucrium polium) and watercress (Nasturtium officinale) extract on performance, carcass quality and blood metabolites of male broilers. Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences2: 69-71.Google Scholar
MOHD-YUSOF, Y.A., SIEH, S., MURAD, N.A. and WAN-NGAH, W.Z. (2002) Anticancer effect of ginger extract (Zingiber officinale) on liver cancer cell lines. Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Biology 7: 38-42.Google Scholar
MOORTHY, M., RAVI, S., RAVIKUMAR, M., VISWANATHAN, K. and EDWIN, S.C. (2009) Ginger, Pepper and Curry Leaf Powder as Feed Additives in Broiler Diet. International Journal of Poultry Science 8: 779-782.Google Scholar
NASIROLESLAMI, M. and TORKI, M. (2010) Including Essential Oils of Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) and Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) to Diet and Evaluating Performance of Laying Hens, White Blood Cell Count and Egg Quality Characteristics. Advances in Environmental Biology 4: 341-345.Google Scholar
ONU, P.N. (2010) Evaluation of two herbal spices as feed additives for finisher broilers. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 26: 383-392.Google Scholar
RABABAH, T.M., HETTIARACHCHY, N.S. and HORAX, R. (2004) Total phenolics and antioxidant activities of fenugreek, green tea, black tea, grape seed, ginger, rosemary, gotu kola, and ginkgo extracts, vitamin E, and tert-butylhydroquinone. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 52: 5183-5186.Google Scholar
REHMAN, S., DURRANI, F.R., CHAND, N., KHAN, R.U and FAWAD UR REHMAN, (2011) Comparative efficacy of different schedules of administration of medicinal plants infusion on hematology and serum biochemistry of broiler chicks. Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences 1: 8-14.Google Scholar
SAEID, J.M., ARKAN, B.M. and AL-BADDY, M.A. (2010) Effect of Aqueous Extract of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) on Blood Biochemistry Parameters of Broiler. International Journal of Poultry Science 9: 944-947.Google Scholar
SIES, H. (1991) Oxidative stress: From basic research to clinical application. American Journal of Medicine 91: 31-38.Google Scholar
SINGH, G., MARIMUTHU, P., DE-HELUANI, C.S. and CATALAN, C. (2005) Antimicrobial and antioxidant potentials of essential oil and acetone extract of Myristica fragrans Houtt. (aril part). Journal of Food Science 70: 141-148.Google Scholar
SRINIVASAN, K. and SAMBAIAH, K. (1991) The effect of spices on cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase activity and on serum and hepatic cholesterol levels in the rat. International Journal of Vitamins and Nutrition Research 61: 364-369.Google Scholar
SUDRASHAN, S., FAIROZE, N., WILDFRED, S. and SHEKAR, R. (2010) Effect of aqueous extract and essential oils of ginger and garlic as immunostimulant in chicken meat. Research Journal of Poultry Science 3: 58-61.Google Scholar
SUMIDA, S., TANAKA, K., KITAO, H. and NAKADOMO, F. (1989) Exercise induced lipid peroxidation and leakage of enzyme before and after vitamin E supplementation. International Journal of Biochemistry 21: 835-838.Google Scholar
TANABE, M., CHEN, Y.D., SAITO, K. and KANO, Y. (1993) Cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitory component from Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, (Tokyo) 41: 710-713.Google Scholar
TAPSELL, L.C., HEMPHILL, I., COBIAC, L., PATCH, C.S., SULLIVAN, D.R., FENECH, M., ROODENRYS, S., KEOGH, J.B., CLIFTON, P.M., WILLIAMS, P.G., FAZIO, V.A. and INGE, K.E. (2006) Health benefits of herbs and spices: The past, the present, the future. Medical Journal of Australia 185: 4-24.Google Scholar
TEKELI, A., KUTLU, H.R. and CELIK, L. (2011) Effect of Z. offincinale and propalis extracts on the performance, carcass and some blood parameters of broiler chicks. Current Research in Poultry Science 1: 12-23.Google Scholar
YAMAUCHI, K., BUWJOOM, T., KOGE, K. and EBASHI, T. (2006) Histological intestinal recovery in chickens re-fed dietary sugar cane extract. Poultry Science 85: 645-651.Google Scholar
YASAR, S. and FORBES, J.M. (1999) Performance and gastro-intestinal response of broiler chicks fed on cereal gain-based foods soaked in water. British Poultry Science 40: 65-76.Google Scholar
ZHANG, G.F., YANG, Z.B., WANG, Y., YANG, W.R., JIANG, S.Z. and GAI, G.S. (2009) Effects of ginger root (Zingiber officinale) processed to different particle sizes on growth performance, antioxidant status, and serum metabolites of broiler chickens. Poultry Science 88:2159-2166.Google Scholar
ZHAO, X., YANG, Z.B., YANG, W.R., WANG, Y., JIANG, S.Z. and ZHANG, G.G. (2011) Effects of ginger root (Zingiber officinale) on laying performance and antioxidant status of laying hens and on dietary oxidation stability. Poultry Science 90: 1720-1727.Google Scholar