Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The beneficial uses of glycerin as an alternative energy source in poultry diets

  • M. ARIF (a1), M.E. ABD EL-HACK (a2), Z. HAYAT (a1), Sh. SOHAIL (a1), M. SAEED (a3) and M. ALAGAWANY (a2)...

Glycerin or glycerol (C3H5(OH)3) is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical materials known. The term ‘glycerin’ refers in general to a commercial solution of glycerol in water of which the main constituent is glycerol. Glycerin is an odourless, colourless, viscous liquid with a sweet taste. It is completely soluble in both alcohol and water. Glycerin is the main co-product derived from biodiesel production. It is produced by a KOH- or NaOH-catalysed transesterification of the triacylglycerols in fat or oil along with an alcohol. Glycerin is an important ingredient for the production of soaps, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and food. Additionally, glycerin is highly stable under normal storage conditions, practically non-irritating in its different uses, suitable for interactions with other chemical materials and has no any negative environmental impacts. Nowadays, with increasing glycerin production and its availability on the market, many new and novel uses are expected to be developed, particularly as alternative energy source for poultry diets. Furthermore, glycerin plays an essential role in body cellular metabolism. This review paper discusses the various trials using glycerin in poultry diets as an energy source and its effects on different parameters in the birds. Generally, poultry diets, which included glycerin up to 10% in feed, gave positive responses in most of studies, some of which measured apparent metabolisable energy (AMEn). However, more indices need to be determined in further studies in different poultry species.

Corresponding author
Corresponding authors:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. BRISSON , M.C. VOHL , J. St-PIERRE , T.J. HUDSON and D. GAUDET (2001) Glycerol: A neglected variable in metabolic processes? Bioessays 23: 534-542.

W.A. DOZIER III , B.J. KERR , A. CORZO , M.T. KIDD , T.E. WEBER and K. BREGENDAL (2008) Apparent metabolisable energy of glycerin for broiler chickens. Poultry Science 87: 317-322.

B. EMMANUEL , R. BERZINS and A.R. ROBBLEE (1983) Rates of entry of alanine and glycerin and their contribution to glucose synthesis in fasted chickens. British Poultry Science 24: 565-571.

B. JUNG and A.B. BATAL (2011) Nutritional and feeding value of crude glycerin for poultry. 1. Nutritional value of crude glycerin. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 20: 162-167.

H.A. KREBS and P. LUND (1966) Formation of glucose from hexoses, pentoses, polyols and related substances in kidney cortex. Biochemistry Journal 98: 210-214.

H.A. KREBS , B.M. NOTTON and R. HEMS (1966) Gluconeogenesis in mouse-liver slices. Biochemistry Journal 101: 607-617.

M. LESSIRE and B. LECLERCQ (1982) Metabolisable energy value of fats in chicks and adult cockerels. Animal Feed Science and Technology 7: 365-374.

E.C.C. LIN (1997) Glycerin utilisation and its regulation in mammals. Annual Review of Biochemistry 46: 765-795.

H.A. MANDALAWI , M.V. KIMIAEITALAB , V. OBREGO , D. MENOYO and G.G. MATEOS (2014) Influence of source and level of glycerin in the diet on growth performance, liver characteristics, and nutrient digestibility in broilers from hatching to 21 days of age. Poultry Science 93: 2855-2863.

H.A. MANDALAWI , R. LÁZAROA , M. REDÓNB , J. HERRERAC , D. MENOYOA and G.G. MATEOS (2015) Glycerin and lecithin inclusion in diets for brown egg-laying hens: Effects on egg production and nutrient digestibility. Animal Feed Science and Technology 209: 145-156.

M. MCLEA , E. BALL , D. KILPATRICK and C. ELLIOTT (2011) The effect of glycerin inclusion on broiler performance and nutrient digestibility. British Poultry Science 52: 368-375

K. NEMETH , E. ZSEDELY and J. SCHMIDT (2013) Nitrogen- Corrected Apparent Metabolisable Energy value of crude glycerin for laying hens. Annals of Animal Science 13: 829-836.

M. RETORE , S. CLAUDIO , E.M. ALICE , G.A. IVAN GRACA , P.N. BRUNA , D.S.F. KARLA , S. JOYCE and F.G.O. ANDREIA (2012) Evaluation of vegetable and mixed crude glycerin in the diet of growing rabbits. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 41: 333-340.

G.P. SILVA , M. MACK and J. CONTIERO (2009) Glycerol:A promising and abundant carbon source for industrial microbiology. Biotechnology Advances 27: 30-39.

S. SWIATKIEWICZ and J. KORELESKI (2009) Effect of crude glycerin level in the diet of laying hens on egg performance and nutrient utilisation. Poultry Science 88: 615-619.

J.C. THOMPSON and B. HE (2006) Characterisation of crude glycerin from biodiesel production from multiple feedstocks. Applied Engineering of Agriculture. 22: 261-265.

E. TOPAL and M. OZDOGAN (2013) Effects of glycerin on the growth performance, internal organ weights, and drumstick muscle of broilers. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research 22: 146-151.

T. VANCOV , A.-S. ALSTON , T. BROWN and S. MCINTOSH (2012) Use of ionic liquids in converting lignocellulosic material to biofuels. Renewable Energy 45: 1-6.

J. XUAN , M.K.H. LEUNG , D.Y.C. LEUNG and M. NI (2009) A review of biomass-derived fuel processors for fuel cell systems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13: 1301-1313.

S. YALÇIN , H. EROL , B. ÖZSOY , I. ONBASILAR , S. YALÇIN and A. ÜNER (2010) Effects of glycerol on performance, egg traits, some blood parameters and antibody production to SRBC of laying hens. Livestock Science 129: 129-134.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

World's Poultry Science Journal
  • ISSN: 0043-9339
  • EISSN: 1743-4777
  • URL: /core/journals/world-s-poultry-science-journal
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 104 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 529 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 14th December 2016 - 23rd August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.