Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Current state and achievements in poultry production in the Republic of Serbia and its future perspectives in line with EU standards

  • S. MITROVIĆ (a1), M. MILOJEVIĆ (a1), A. MILOŠEVIĆ (a2), Ž. JOKIĆ (a1), T. MITROVIĆ (a3), M. MITROVIĆ (a1) and V. ĐEKIĆ (a4)...
Abstract

The purpose of this review is to review the current state and achievements in poultry production in Serbia and worldwide, primarily the EU. Particular emphasis is placed on impacts of different rearing system, i.e. housing and fattening, on the production and the quality of the poultry meat and eggs and, simultaneously, on the welfare of poultry and environmental protection according to EU standards. According to the latest available data, total number of poultry produced in Serbia in 2015 was 17,450,000 units and production of meat amounted to around 86,000 t, while consumption was 12.12 kg per person. Egg production in 2015 was approximately 1.7 billion eggs, which is around 202 eggs per hen. A total of 13.1 million tons of poultry meat was produced in EU in 2015. It is evident from the literature that the poultry production in EU and worldwide has undergone significant changes, and clear criteria have been established to improve the quality of the products (meat and eggs), to guarantee the safety of the food, to protect the environment, and to ensure animal welfare in line with the relevant ethic norms. For these reasons, many countries within EU and worldwide, including Serbia, attach importance to housing systems for laying hens, with particular concern for animal welfare. Alternative housing systems (floor, aviary, free range and organic production) are increasingly used in the production of poultry meat and eggs instead of conventional systems. This is because it is considered that alternative housing systems may have positive effect on the productive traits of the poultry and, consequently, on the production of the quality organic meat. Furthermore, it is evident from research that pure (indigenous) breeds and strains are given growing importance in the production of organic meat and eggs in semi-intensive, semi-extensive and even in extensive rearing systems.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author: mailto:milojevic.milena23@gmail.com
References
Hide All
ALEXANDRATOS, N. and BRUINSMA, J. (2012) World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision. ESA Working paper No. 12-03, Rome, FAO.
ANNUAL STATISTICS REPORT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA (2016) Republic Statistics Bureau, Belgrade.
AVISITE (2015) A evolução em uma década, segundo a FAO. http://avisite.com.br/noticias/index.php?codnoticia=15871.
BOGOSAVLJEVIĆ-BOŠKOVIĆ, S., MITROVIĆ, S., PETROVIĆ, D.M., ĐOSKOVIĆ, R. and DOSKOVIĆ, V. (2008a) Uticaj uzrasta i sistema držanja na odabrane parametre kvaliteta mesa pilića u tovu. Savremena poljoprivreda 57 (3-4): 137-143.
BOGOSAVLJEVIĆ-BOŠKOVIĆ, S., MITROVIĆ, S., RADOVIĆ, V., DOSKOVIĆ, V. and ĐERMANOVIĆ, V. (2008b) Hemijski sastav mesa pilića gajenih ekstenzivno u živinarniku i u slobodnom sistemu gajenja. Biotechnology in animal husbandry, 18th Symposium on innovation in animal science and production, Vol. 24 spec. issue: 213-223.
BOGOSAVLJEVIĆ-BOŠKOVIĆ, S., MITROVIĆ, S., DJOKOVIĆ, R., DOSKOVIĆ, V. and DJERMANOVIĆ, V. (2010) Chemical composition of chicken meat produced in extensive indoor and free-range rearing systems. African Journal of Biotechnology 9 (53): 9069-9075.
BOLELI, I.C., MORITA, V.S., MATOS, J.B. (Jr), THIMOTHEO, M. and ALMEIDA, V.R. (2016) Poultry Egg Incubation: Integration and Optimizing Production Efficiency. Regulations on conditions which must be adhered to by farms and animal protection provisions (Official Gazette of the Republic of Croatia 136/05).
CASTELLINI, C., DAL BOSCO, A., MUGNAI, C. and BERNARDINI, M. (2002a) Performance and behaviour of chickens with different growing rate reared according to the organic system. Italian Journal of Animal Science 1: 291-300.
CASTELLINI, C., MUGNAI, C. and DAL BOSCO, A. (2002b) Effect of organic production system on broiler carcass and meat quality. Meat Science 60: 219-225.
CHURCH, J. and JENDRAL, M. (2005) Alternative layer hen housing systems in Europe. Prepared for Alberta egg producers and Alberta farm animal care association.
COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 1999/74/EC (1999) Laying down minimum standards for the protection of laying hens. L 203/53-57. Official Journal of the European Communities.
CRNČAN, A., RANOGAJEC, L. and DEŽE, J. (2014) Ekonomika proizvodnje konzumnih jaja iz ekološkog uzgoja. Proceedings of 50th Croatian and 10th International Symposium on Agriculture, Opatija, Croatia, 129-132.
ĐERMANOVIĆ, V. and MITROVIĆ, S. (2004) Prikaz pojedinih osobina Arbor Acres hibrida u tovu brojlerskih pilića. Zbornik naučnih radova Instituta PKB Agroekonomik 10(2): 69-73.
ĐERMANOVIĆ, V., ĐEKIĆ, V., MITROVIĆ, S., RAJOVIĆ, M., MITROVIĆ, M. and PANDUREVIĆ, T. (2012) Uporedni prikaz kvaliteta jaja za nasad Somborske kaporke i Njuhempšir rasa kokoši gajenih u poluekstenzivnom sistemu. Zbornik naučnih radova, XXVI Savetovanje agronoma, veterinara, tehnologa i agroekonomista, Beograd, Srbija. Vol. 18, 3-4, 123-129.
ĐUKIĆ-STOJČIĆ, M., PERIĆ, L. and MILOŠEVIĆ, N. (2017) Dobrobit živine-stanje u Srbiji i perspektiva po ugledu na EU. Dobrobit životinja i biosigurnost na farmama.1. Međunarodna konferencija o dobrobiti i biosigurnosti na farmama u Srbiji, Zemun, 187-192.
ELSON, H.A. (2012) Beyond 2012: the future of egg production systems. World Poultry 28 (2): 8-10.
ELSON, H.A. and CROXALL, R. (2006) European study on the comparative welfare of laying hens in cage and non-cage systems. Archiv für Geflügelkunde 70 (5): 194-198.
FAOSTAT (2016) FAO statistical database, accessed in July.
FARIA, P.B., BRESSAN, M.C., DE SOUZA, X.R., ROSSATO, L.V., BOTEGA, L.M.G. and DA GAMA, L.T. (2010) Carcass and parts yield of broilers reared under a semi-extensive system. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science 12 (3): 153-159.
GRASHORN, M.A. (2006) Fattening performance, carcass and meat quality of slow and fast growing broiler strains under intensive and extensive feeding conditions. XII European Poultry Conference, Verona, 10-14 September, paper no. 10236.
GROBBELAAR, J.A.N. (2008) Egg production potentials of four indigenous chicken breeds in South Africa. Magister thesis, Tshwane University of Technology.
GROBBELAAR, J.A.N., SUTHERLAND, B. and MOLALAKGOTLA, N.M. (2010) Egg production potentials of certain indigenous chicken breeds from South Africa. Animal Genetic Resources 46: 25-32.
GUESDON, V. and FAURE, J.M. (2004) Laying performance and egg quality in hens kept in standard or furnished cages. Animal Research 53: 45-57.
LAW ON ANIMAL WELFARE (2009) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 41/2009.
LICHOVNÍKOVÁ, M., JANDÁSEK, J., JŮZL, M. and DRAČKOVÁ, E. (2009) The meat quality of layer males from free range in comparison with fast growing chickens. Czech Journal of Animal Science 54 (11): 490-497.
MAŠIĆ, B. and PAVLOVSKI, Z. (1994) Mala jata kokoši nosilja u različitim sistemima držanja. Naučni institut za stočarstvo, Beograd-Zemun.
MATKOVIĆ, K., VUČEMILO, M. and MATKOVIĆ, S. (2007) Utjecaj alternativnog načina držanja nesilica na kvalitetu jaja. Meso: The first Croatian meat journal, Vol. IX, No. 1, 47-51.
MATT, D., VEROMANN, E. and LUIK, A. (2009) Effect of housing system on biochemical composition of chicken eggs. Agronomy Research 7 (Special Issue II): 662-667.
MIKULSKI, D., CELEJ, J., JANKOWSKI, J., MAJEWSKA, T. and MIKULSKA, M. (2011) Growth Performance, Carcass Traits and Meat Quality of Slower-growing and fast-growing Chickens Raised with and without Outdoor Access. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 24 (10): 1407-1416.
MITROVIĆ, S. and ĐEKIĆ, V. (2013) Organska živinarska proizvodnja (Monografsko delo). Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Beograd.
MITROVIĆ, S., OSTOJIĆ, Đ. and ĐERMANOVIĆ, V. (2004) Uticaj trajanja tova na proizvodna svojstva brojlerskih pilića različitih genotipova Živinarstvo 11: 7-11.
MITROVIĆ, S., BOGOSAVLJEVIĆ-BOŠKOVIĆ, S., TOLIMIR, N. and ĐERMANOVIĆ, V. (2005a) Lokalni genetički resursi živine u našoj zemlji Živinarstvo 6-7: 16-22.
MITROVIĆ, S., ŠKRBIĆ, Z., BOGOSAVLJEVIĆ-BOŠKOVIĆ, S., OSTOJIĆ, Đ. and ĐERMANOVIĆ, V. (2005b) Effect of housing density, duration of fattening and initial body mass of one day old chickens on production of broiler meat of Cobb hybrid. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry21 (5-6): 223-229.
MITROVIĆ, S., LATINOVĆ, D. and ĐERMANOVIĆ, V. (2006a) Fenotipska povezanost između trajanja tova i osnovnih proizvodnih pokazatelja brojlerskih pilića hibrida Hubbard. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 22: 297-304.
MITROVIĆ, S., TOLIMIR, N., ŠKORIĆ, R., ĐERMANOVIĆ, V. and ANOKIĆ, N. (2006b) Stanje živinarske proizvodnje u Republici Srbiji. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 22: 57-72.
MITROVIĆ, S., PUPAVAC, S., ĐERMANOVIĆ, V. and OSTOJIĆ, Đ. (2010a) Uticaj trajanja tova na proizvodne performanse brojlerskih pilića hibrida Cobb 500. Radovi sa XXIV savetovanja agronoma, veterinara i tehnologa 16 (3-4): 163-170.
MITROVIĆ, S., ĐERMANOVIĆ, V., RADIVOJEVIĆ, M., RAJIĆ, Z., ŽIVKOVIĆ, D., OSTOJIĆ, Đ. and FILIPOVIĆ, N. (2010b) The influence of population density and duration of breeding on broiler chickens’ productivity and profitability. African Journal of Biotechnology 9 (28): 4486-4490.
MITROVIĆ, S., ĐERMANOVIĆ, V., PUPOVAC, S., OSTOJIĆ, Đ. and RAJOVIĆ, M. (2011a) Incubation value of eggs of domestic strains grown in chicken rural areas in our country. Proceedings of Research Papers, Vol. 17, No. 3-4, 149-155.
MITROVIĆ, S., BOGOSAVLJEVIĆ-BOŠKOVIĆ, S., STANIŠIĆ, G., DJERMANOVIĆ, V., DOSKOVIĆ, V. and RAKONJAC, S. (2011b) Carcass characteristics of two strains of native broilers (White Naked Neck and Black Svrljig) fattened under a semi-intensive system. African Journal of Biotechnology 10 (70): 15813-15818.
MITROVIĆ, S., OSTOJIĆ, Đ., DJERMANOVIĆ, V., PANDUREVIĆ, T. and JEŽ, G. (2011c) Carcass characteristics of Naked Neck male and female chickens fattened in semi-intensive system. 22nd International Scientific - Expert Conference of Agriculture and Food Industry, Book of Abstracts, 35, September 28 - October 1, Sarajevo.
MITROVIĆ, S., BOGOSAVLJEVIĆ-BOŠKOVIĆ, S., DJERMANOVIĆ, V., PERIĆ, L., JOKIĆ, Ž. and PANDUREVIĆ, T. (2012) Poluintenzivni tov golovrate kokoši, organska proizvodnja živinskog mesa. Zbornik radova, XVII Savetovanje biotehnologa sa međunarodnim učešćem, Vol. 17. (19), Čačak, 6-7, 304-309.
MOTTET, A. and TEMPIO, G. (2017) Global poultry production: current state and future outlook and challenges. World's Poultry Science Journal 73: 245-256.
MUIR, M.W., CHENG, H.W. and CRONEY, C. (2014) Methods to address poultry robustness and welfare issues through breeding and associated ethical considerations. Frontiers in Genetics 5: 407 doi:10.3389/fgene.2014.00407..
OECD/FAO (2016) OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025. OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr_outlook-2016-en.
OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA (2016) 6/10, 57/14.
PANDUREVIĆ, T. (2008) Uticaj genotipa i trajanja tova na proizvodne osobine i prinos mesa brojlerskih pilića. Magistarska teza. Poljoprivredni fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu.
PANDUREVIĆ, T., HRISTOV, S. and MITROVIĆ, S. (2007) Dobrobit živine i biosigurnost na farmama. 1. Međunarodna konferencija o dobrobiti i biosigurnosti na farmama u Srbiji, Beograd, 193-198.
PAVLOVSKI, Z. (1990) The effects of production mode and market conditions on the quality of eggs in Yugoslavia., L’ aviculture en Méditerranée, Options Méditerranéens, Ser. A, No. 7, 227-237, Paris.
PAVLOVSKI, Z. and MITROVIĆ, S. (2004) Stanje i strategija razvoja živinarske proizvodnje u našoj zemlji. Biotehnologija u stočarstvu 20 (5-6): 29-34.
PAVLOVSKI, Z., ŠKRBIĆ, Z., LUKIĆ, M., VITOROVIĆ, D., PETRIČEVIĆ, V. and MILOŠEVIĆ, N. (2009) Naked Neck chicken of Serbian and foreign origin: carcass characteristics. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 25 (5-6): 1023-1032.
PAVLOVSKI, Z., ŠKRBIĆ, Z., LUKIĆ, M., KRNJAJA, V., BIJELIĆ, Z. and TRENKOVSKI, S. (2010) Tehnologija proizvodnje jaja sa slobodnog ispusta posebnog i garantovanog kvaliteta. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 26 (spec. issue): 55-66.
RADOVIĆ, S. (2011) Utjecaj različitih načina smještaja i držanja na zdravlje, dobrobit i proizvodnost kokoši nesilica. Doktorska disertacija, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Veterinarski fakultet, Zagreb.
RAKONJAC, S., BOGOSAVLJEVIĆ-BOŠKOVIĆ, S., ŠKRBIĆ, Z., PERIĆ, L., DOSKOKOVIĆ, V., PETROVIĆ, M. and PETRIČEVIĆ, V. (2017) The effect of the rearing system, genotype and laying hens age on the egg weight and share of main parts of eggs. Acta Agriculture Serbica, Vol XXII, 44: 185-192.
RODIĆ, V., PERIĆ, L., PAVLOVSKI, Z. and MILOŠEVIĆ, N. (2010) Improving the poultry sector in Serbia: major economic constraints and opportunities. World's Poultry Science Journal 66 (2): 241-250.
SABBIONI, A., ZANON, A., BERETTI, V., SUPERCHI, P. and ZAMBINI, E.M. (2006) Carcass yield and meat quality parameters of two Italian autochtonous chicken breeds reared outdoor: Modenese and Romagnolo. Proc. XII European Poultry Conference, Verona, Italy, 10-14 September, paper no. 10565.
SENČIĆ, Đ. and BUTKO, D. (2006) Proizvodnost nesilica i kvalitet kokošijih jaja iz slobodnog držanja. Agriculture 12 (2): 48-51.
SIRRI, F., CASTELLINI, C., BIANCHI, M., PETRACCI, M., MELUZZI, A. and FRANCHINI, A. (2011) Effect of fast, medium, and slow-growing strains on meat quality of chickens reared under the organic farming method. Animal 5 (2): 312-319.
SNA NEWS (2015) Boletim Semenal da Sociedade Nacional de Agricultura. FAO produção mundial de carne de frango dobrou em apenas duas décadas. Rio de Janeiro.
SOSNOWKA-CZAJKA, E., HERBUT, E. and SKOMORUCHA, I. (2010) Effect of different housing systems on productivity and welfare of laying hens. Annals of Animal Science 10(4): 349-360.
SORENSEN, P.I. and KJAER, J.B. (2000) Non-commercial hen breed tested in organic system. Ecological animal husbandry in the Nordic countries. Proceeding of NJS-Seminar 303: 59-63.
TANAKA, T. and HURNIK, J.F. (1992) Comparison of behavior and performance of laying hens housed in battery cages and on aviary. Poultry Science 71: 235-243.
TAUSON, R. (2005) Management and housing systems for layers-effects on welfare and production. World's Poultry Science Journal 3: 477-490.
TAUSON, R. (2012) Welfare of layers in alternative floor and cage systems in Europe. XXIV World's Poultry Congress, 1-8, Brazil.
TAUSON, R. and HOLM, K.E. (2001) First furnished small group cages for laying hens in evaluation program on commercial farms in Sweden. Proceedings 6th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare. Zollikofen.
TAUSON, R. and HOLM, K.E. (2002) Utvardering av Victorsson inredd bur for 8 varphons enlight 73 Djurskyddsforordningen och enligt SJV:s Ny-teknik provningsprogram. Report 251. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
TOLIMIR, N., ANOKIĆ, N., MITROVIĆ, S., MILOJKOVIĆ, J. and MAŠIĆ, B. (1997) Spoljašnje i unutrašnje osobine jaja nekih populacija autohtonih kokoši istočne Srbije. Savremena poljoprivreda 46 (3-4): 168-173.
TŮMOVÁ, E. and EBEID, T. (2003) Effect of housing systems on performance and egg quality characteristics in laying hens. Science Agriculturae Bohemica 34: 73-80.
TŮMOVÁ, E., ZITA, L., HUBENÝ, M., SKŘIVAN, M. and LEDVINKA, Z. (2007) The effect of oviposition time and genotype on egg quality characteristics in egg type hens. Czech Journal of Animal Science 52: 26-30.
TŮMOVÁ, E., SKRIVAN, M., ENGLMAIEROVA, M. and ZITA, L. (2009) The effect of genotype, housing system and egg collection time on egg quality in egg type hens. Czech Journal of Animal Science 54 (1):17-23.
VAN MARLE-KÖSTER, E. and WEBB, E.C. (2000) Carcass characteristics of South African native chicken lines. South African Journal of Animal Science 30 (1): 53-56.
VUČEMILO, M., VINKOVIĆ, B., TOFANT, A., PAVIČIĆ, Ž. and HAĐINAC, S. (2003) Veterinarska zaštita okoliša i animalna higijena danas. Zbornik radova Trećeg hrvatskog kongresa, Opatija, 315-322.
VUČEMILO, M., MATKOVIĆ, K., VINKOVIĆ, B., RADOVIĆ, S. and BENIĆ, S. (2008) Higijena, dobrobit i ponašanje nesilica smještenih u klasičnim i alternativnim sistemima držanja. Stočarstvo 62 (6): 495-501.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

World's Poultry Science Journal
  • ISSN: 0043-9339
  • EISSN: 1743-4777
  • URL: /core/journals/world-s-poultry-science-journal
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed