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Use of flaxseed in poultry feeds to meet the human need for n-3 fatty acids

  • M.H. BEHESHTI MOGHADAM (a1) and G. CHERIAN (a1)
Abstract

Health benefits of fatty acids (FA) of the n-3 family have been well documented. The current consumption of n-3 FA by humans is below the recommended intake in Western countries. There are two sources of n-3 FA: α-linolenic acid (18-3 n-3, ALA) from terrestrial sources and long chain 20 and 22 carbon n-3 FA from marine oils. There is an increased interest in developing food products such as eggs and meat enriched with n-3 FA to meet the human requirement. In this context, poultry food lipids are a highly targeted and well-researched food item. Among the different feed sources, flaxseed, owing to its high fat (~40-42%) and ALA (>50%) contents along with other nutritional properties (e.g., metabolisable energy, protein content), is the most common feed ingredient explored for n-3 FA enrichment. This review attempts to bring together the use of flaxseeds in poultry feeds and its role in meeting the human requirements of n-3 FA through n-3 FA enriched foods. The antinutritional factors (ANF) present in flaxseeds and ways to mitigate the negative effects of ANF in poultry feeding are also included.

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Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Gita.Cherian@oregonstate.edu
†Current address: Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran
References
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World's Poultry Science Journal
  • ISSN: 0043-9339
  • EISSN: 1743-4777
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