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Canada – Wheat: discrimination, non-commercial considerations, and the right to regulate through state trading enterprises

  • BERNARD HOEKMAN (a1) and JOEL P. TRACHTMAN (a2)
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Abbott, Philip C. and Young, Linda M. (2003), ‘Export Competition Issues in the Doha Round’, Paper presented at the International Conference: Agricultural Policy Reform and the WTO: Where Are We Heading?, 23–26 June 2003, available at http://www2.montana.edu/lmyoung/pdf-files/Abbott%20and%20Young.pdf.
Alston, Julian M. and Gray, Richard S. (2000), State Trading versus Export Subsidies: The Case of Canadian Wheat, Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 25(1): 5167.
Brittan, Leon (1997), ‘Competition Policy and the Trading System: Toward International Rules in the WTO’, Speech presented to the Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC, November 1997.
Cottier, Thomas and Petros, C. Mavroidis (1998), ‘Conclusions: The Reach of International Trade Law’, in Cottier, Thomas and Mavroidis, Petros C. (eds) State Trading in the Twenty-First Century, Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, pp. 395408.
Davey, William J. (1998), ‘Article XVII GATT: An Overview’, in Cottier, Thomas and Mavroidis, Petros C. (eds) State Trading in the Twenty-First Century, Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, pp. 1736.
Dong, Fengxia, Thomas, Marsh, and Kyle, Stiegert (2006), ‘State Trading Enterprises in a Differentiated Product Environment: The Case of Global Malting Barley Markets’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 88(1): 90103.
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Hoekman, Bernard M. and Patrick, Low (1998), ‘State Trading: Rule Making Alternatives for Entities with Exclusive Rights’, in Cottier, Thomas and Mavroidis, Petros C. (eds) State Trading in the Twenty-First Century, Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, pp. 327344.
Horlick, Gary N. and Kristin, Heim Mowry (1998), ‘The Treatment of Activities of State Trading Enterprises under the WTO Subsidies Rules’, in Cottier, Thomas and Mavroidis, Petros C. (eds) State Trading in the Twenty-First Century, Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, pp. 97114.
Hudec, Robert E. (1998), ‘GATT/WTO Constraints on National Regulation: Requiem for an “Aim and Effects” Test’, International Lawyer, 32: 619649.
Lavoie, Nathalie (2005), ‘Price Discrimination in the Context of Vertical Differentiation: An Application to Canadian Wheat Exports’, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 87(4): 835854.
Marketing Choice – The Way Forward, 25 October 2006, available at http://www.agr.gc.ca/cb/ip/pdf/final_251006_e.pdf.
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Secretariat of the World Trade Organization (1995), Operations of State Trading Enterprises as They Relate to International Trade, G/STR/2 (26 October, 1995).
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Young, Linda M. (2005), ‘Export Competition Disciplines in the Doha Round’, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium, Trade Policy Issues Paper No. 3.
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World Trade Review
  • ISSN: 1474-7456
  • EISSN: 1475-3138
  • URL: /core/journals/world-trade-review
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