Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The TBT Panels: US–Cloves, US–Tuna, US–COOL

  • ROBERT HOWSE (a1) and PHILIP I. LEVY (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

In a series of controversial 2011 decisions, WTO DSM Panels sought to reconcile legitimate regulatory interests of the state with various obligations to treat imported products in an even-handed and not unnecessarily trade-restrictive manner. Among the key points of contention were which obligation pertained in each case – national treatment, limits on technical regulations, or rules governing standards. In each case, the Panel imposed significant restrictions on national regulatory practices, and in each case the Panel reasoning was challenged by the Appellate Body. This paper addresses some of the key legal and economic issues raised in the original Panel decisions, leaving the late-breaking Appellate Body decisions for future analysis. Given the unsettled nature of the terrain, the economic analysis focuses primarily on the question of national treatment, while the legal analysis deals with other interesting points that emerge from these rulings, such as the appropriate level of deference to international standards and the legitimacy of labeling requirements.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Grossman G. M., Horn H., and Mavroidis P. C. (2012), ‘Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law: National Treatment’, in ALI, Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law: The Genesis of the GATT, the Economics of Trade Agreements, Border Instruments, and National Treatment, Report to ALI.
Hadfield G. K., Howse R., and Trebilcock M. J. (1998), ‘Information-Based Principles for Rethinking Consumer Protection Policy’, Journal of Consumer Policy, 21(2): 131169.
Harbaugh R., Maxwell J. W., and Roussillon B. (2011), ‘Label Confusion: The Groucho Effect of Uncertain Standards’, Management Science, 57(9): 15121527.
Héroux L., Laroche M., and McGown K. L. (1988), ‘Consumer Product Label Information Processing: An Experiment Involving Time Pressure and Distraction’, Journal of Economic Psychology, 9(2): 195214.
Hobbs J. E. (2003), ‘Traceability and Country of Origin Labelling’, Policy Dispute Information Consortium 9th Agricultural and Food Policy Information Workshop, Montreal, 25 April.
Horn H. (2006), ‘National Treatment in the GATT’, American Economic Review, 96(1): 394404.
Howse R. (2002), ‘From Politics to Technocracy and Back Again: The Fate of the Multilateral Trading Regime’, American Journal of International Law, 96(1): 94117.
Loureiro M. L. and Umberger W. J. (2007), ‘A Choice Experiment Model for Beef: What US Consumer Responses Tell Us about Relative Preferences for Food Safety, Country-of-Origin Labeling and Traceability’, Food Policy, 32(4): 496514.
Palmeter D. and Mavroidis P. C. (1998), ‘The WTO Legal System: Sources of Law’, American Journal of International Law, 92(3): 398413.
Roberts T., Malcolm S. A., and Narrod C. A. (1999), ‘Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Slaughterhouse Practices: Modelling Contamination Process Control in Beef Destined for Hamburger’, Probabilistic Safety Assessment PSA '99: Risk-Informed Performance-Based Regulation in the New Millennium, Modarres Mohammad (ed.), 809815.
Teisl M. F., Roe B., and Hicks R. L. (2002), ‘Can Eco-Labels Tune a Market? Evidence from Dolphin-Safe Labeling’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 43(3): 339359.
Umberger W. J. (2004), ‘Will Consumers Pay a Premium for Country-of-Origin Labeled Meat?’, Choices, 4th quarter.
Wansink B., Sonka S. T., and Hasler C. M. (2004), ‘Front-Label Health Claims: When Less is More’, Food Policy, 29(6): 659667.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

World Trade Review
  • ISSN: 1474-7456
  • EISSN: 1475-3138
  • URL: /core/journals/world-trade-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 108 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 477 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 15th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.