Aaronson, S. A. (2001), Taking Trade to the Streets: The Lost History of Public Efforts to Shape Globalization, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Aaronson, S. A. (2017a), ‘What Might Have Been and Could Still Be: The Trans-Pacific Partnership's Potential to Encourage an Open Internet and Digital Rights’, Journal of Cyber Policy, 2(2): 232–254.
Aaronson, S. A. and LeBlond, P. (2018), ‘Another Digital Divide: The Rise of Data Realms and Its Implications for the WTO’, Journal of International Economic Law, forthcoming.
Barefoot, K., Curtis, D., Joliff, W., Nicholson, J. R., and Omohundro, R. (2018), ‘Defining and Measuring the Digital Economy’, US Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis, Washington, DC, 15 March, www.bea.gov/digital-economy/_pdf/defining-and-measuring-the-digital-economy.pdf. Bauer, M., Lee-Makiyama, H., van der Marel, E., and Verschelde, B. (2014), ‘The Costs of Data Localization: Friendly Fire on Economic Recovery’, European Centre for International Political Economy (ECIPE), http://www.ecipe.org/app/uploads/2014/12/OCC32014__1.pdf.
Beach, D. and Pedersen, R. B. (2013), Process-Tracing Methods: Foundations and Guidelines, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Box, S. (2016), ‘Internet Openness and Fragmentation: Toward Measuring the Economic Effects’, Centre for International Governance Innovation, May.
Chan, C., Dao, A., Hou, J., Jin, T., and Tuong, C. (2011), ‘US Censorship’, Free Speech vs. Maintaining Social Cohesion, https://cs.stanford.edu/people/eroberts/cs181/projects/2010-11/FreeExpressionVsSocialCohesion/us_policy.html.
Chu, Cho-Wen (2017), ‘Censorship or Protectionism? Reassessing China's Regulation of Internet Industry’, International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity, 7(1).
Clark, J., Faris, R., Morrison-Westphal, R., Noman, H., Tilton, C., and Zittrain, J. (2017), ‘The Shifting Landscape of Global Internet Censorship’, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society Research Publication, June, http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33084425.
Computer and Communications Industry Association (2008), Internet Censorship and Online Freedom.
Daigle, L. (2015), ‘On the Nature of the Internet’, Centre for International Governance Innovation.
de la Chapelle, B. and Fehlinger, P. (2016), ‘Jurisdiction on the Internet: From Legal Arms Race to Transnational Cooperation’, Centre for International Governance Innovation, 1 April.
European Commission (2017b), Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council Concerning the Respect for Private Life and the Protection of Personal Data in Electronic Communications and Repealing Directive 2002/58/EC (Regulation on Privacy and Electronic Communications), COM 2017/0003, https://goo.gl/Saevs4.
Fefer, R., Akhtar, S. I., and Morrison, W. M. (2017), ‘Digital Trade and US Trade Policy’, CRS Report No. R44565), Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC.
Froman, M. United States Trade Representative (2017), Trade, Growth, and Jobs: US Trade Policy in the Obama Administration, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President.
Gao, H. S. (2011), ‘Google's China Problem: A Case Study on Trade, Technology and Human Rights under the GATS’, Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, 6: 347–385.
Goldsmith, J. and Wu, T. (2006), Who Controls the Internet? Illusions of a Borderless World, New York: Oxford University Press.
Hill, J. F. and Noyes, M. (2018), ‘Rethinking Data Geography and Jurisdiction: Towards a Common Framework for Harmonizing Global Data Flow Controls’, New America, 22 February, https://goo.gl/BHbg38. Hulcoop, A., Scott-Railton, J., Tanchak, P., Brooks, M., and Deibert, R. (2017), ‘Tainted Leaks: Disinformation and Phishing with a Russian Nexus’, The Citizen Lab, 25 May, https://citizenlab.org/2017/05/tainted-leaks-disinformation-phish/.
Irwin, D. (1996), Against the Tide: An Intellectual history of Free Trade, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kravets, D. (2017), ‘Facebook, Google, Twitter Tell Congress Their Platforms Spread Russian-Backed Propaganda’, Arstechnica.com, 31 October, https://arstechnica.com/tech- policy/2017/10/facebook-google-and-twitter-tell-congress-they-spread-russian-propaganda/.
Krebs, B. (2016), ‘The Democratization of Censorship’, Krebs on Security, 16 September, krebsonsecurity.com/2016/09/the-democratization-of-censorship/.
Lee-Makiyama, H. (2011), ‘Future-Proofing World Trade in Technology: Turning the WTO IT Agreement (ITA) into the International Digital Economy Agreement (IDEA)’, Aussenwirtschaft, 3.
Lopez Gonzalez, J., Messent, J., Rentzhog, M., Flaig, D., Jouanjean, M.-A., and Walkenhorst, P. (2016), ‘Localising Data in a Globalised World’, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, http://unctad.org/meetings/es/Presentation/dtl_eweek2016_JLopez-Gonzalez.pdf. Manyika, J., Lund, S., Bughin, J., Woetzel, J., Stamenov, K., and Dhingra, D. (2016), ‘Digital Globalization: The New Era of Global Flows’, McKinsey Global Institute, www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/digital-mckinsey/our-insights/digitalglobalization-the-new-era-of-global-flows. Marczak, B., Weaver, N., Dalek, J., Ensafi, R., Fifield, D., McKune, S., Rey, A., Scott-Railton, J., Deibert, R., and Paxxson, V. (2015), ‘An Analysis of China's “Great Cannon”’, Foci 15 Conference, www.usenix.org/system/files/conference/foci15/foci15- paper-marczak.pdf.
Maskus, K. E. and Reichman, J. H. (2004), ‘The Globalization of Public Knowledge Goods and the Privatization of Global Public Goods’, Journal of International Economic Law, 7(2): 279–320.
Mozur, P. and Scott, M. (2016), ‘Fake News in US Election? Elsewhere, That's Nothing New’, New York Times, 16 November, https://goo.gl/ZHn3q7.
Office of the Special Trade Representative (now USTR) (1982), A Preface to Trade, Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2017), Measuring Digital Trade: Towards a Conceptual Framework, OECD/CSSP/WPTGS(2017)3, https://goo.gl/VwRv5L. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) (2017), Measuring Digital Trade: Results of OECD/IMF Stocktaking Survey, BOPCLOm-17/07, Paris, France: International Monetary Fund, www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/bop/2017/pdf/17-07.pdf. Scott, M. (2017), ‘Facebook's Role in European Elections Under Scrutiny’, New York Times, 7 June, https://goo.gl/XTVTTr.
Sen, N. (2017), ‘Trade in the Digital Economy: Understanding the role of WTO in international data flows’, Paper presented at the WTO MC11 Think Conference, Buenos Aires, 13 December 2017.
UNCTAD (2015), ‘Cyberlaws and Regulations for Enhancing E-Commerce: Case Studies and Lessons Learned’, TD/B/C.II/EM.5/2, 14 January,htt p://unctad.org/meetings/en/SessionalDocuments/ciiem5d2_en.pdf.
US–China Economic and Security Review Commission (USCC) (2015), Commercial Cyber Espionage and Barriers to Digital Trade.
US–China Economic and Security Review Commission (USCC) (2008a), ‘Hearing: Access to Information and Media Control in the People's Republic of China’, 110th Cong. 2 (2008) (statement of Ronald J. Deibert, Citizen Lab Director), www.uscc.gov/sites/default/files/6.18.08%20Deibert.pdf. US–China Economic and Security Review Commission (USCC) (2008b), ‘Hearing: Access to Information and Media Control in the People's Republic of China, 110th Cong. 2 (2008) (statement of Gilbert Kaplan, King & Spalding LLP), www.uscc.gov/sites/default/files/6.18.08Kaplan.pdf.
World Trade Organization (WTO) (2011), ‘Communication from the United States – Work Program on Electronic Commerce: Ensuring that Trade Rules Support Innovative Advances in Computer Applications and Platforms such as Mobile applications and the Provision of Cloud Computing Services’, S/C/W/339, Council for Trade in Services, 20 September.
World Trade Organization (WTO) (2018), WTO Council for Trade in Services, Report of the Meeting Held on 2 March 2018, Note by the Secretariat, S/C/M/134, 5 April 2018.
Wunsch-Vincent, S. (2006), ‘The Internet, Cross-Border Trade in Services and the GATS: Lessons from US Gambling’, World Trade Review, 5(3): 319–355.