To the Arabs the Qur'ān was not only a religious book which set up for them new principles of religious, moral and social conduct, but also a literary work of the highest quality, the very Speech of God that no man can surpass. However, the impact of the Qur'ān can be found in all types of poetry which were written during the Umayyad period, a period of political struggle, civil wars, religious studies and poetic revival. Under the impact of the Qur'ān panegyric poetry became a new art. In comparison with panegyric and satire, Umayyad love poetry was less influenced by the Qur'ān than by the pre-Islamic amatory prelude. This is true of both the traditional and Udhri poets. The impact that the Ḥadīth has exerted on Arabic poetry seems to have been very limited. It appears mainly in ascetic and mystic poetry and in such meditative poems as those written by al-Maarri, where the religious element is very strong.