Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Light, Matthew Gartner, Rosemary and Strbac, Milomir 2017. Interpersonal violence by authoritarian rulers: Saddam Hussein and Joseph Stalin compared. Post-Soviet Affairs, Vol. 30, Issue. 5, p. 389.


    ×
  • Print publication year: 2008
  • Online publication date: June 2012

4 - State Violence – Violent Societies

Summary

COMPARING MASS VIOLENCE – APPROACH AND QUESTIONS

The academic book market certainly does not lack scholarly analyses comparing Nazism and Stalinism, and, many of these analyses address the issue of mass violence, the topic of this essay. The particularly sensitive nature of our topic and the controversial outcomes of past attempts to compare German and Soviet violence require some specific methodological reflections. On this basis, we try to contribute to a new and perhaps more conciliatory approach to the comparative history of violence.

Most existing studies on mass violence focus on the Soviet and German camp systems, usually reducing the great variety of camps to a select “representative” few on each side – namely, the concentration camps and the Gulag. Operated by the SS and the NKVD, respectively, these camp systems appear ideally suited for characterizing – even imagining – the “totalitarian” state. The focus of these studies is primarily on the methods of violence (again, reduced to a select few examples), the intensity or level of violence, the role of the state machinery in such violence, and the ideology upon which each respective state was based.

For a long time, little scholarly attention was paid to responsible perpetrators and functionaries. As many Soviet archival records have only recently become available, research on German perpetrators is somewhat more fully developed. Yet, even here, our concrete knowledge about perpetrator groups and individuals is sketchy, fragmentary, unbalanced, and still without a solid, agreed-upon theoretical framework.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Beyond Totalitarianism
  • Online ISBN: 9780511802652
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511802652
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.


Ian Kershaw and Moshe Lewin , eds., Stalinism and Nazism: Dictatorships in Comparison (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997)

Roger Smith , “Pluralismus und Humanismus in der Genozidforschung,” in Genozid und Modern: Strukturen kollektiver Gewalt im 20. Jahrhundert, eds. Mihran Dabag and Kristin Platt (Opladen: Leske + Budrich, 1998), 309–19

Sheila Fitzpatrick , ed., Stalinism: New Directions (New York: Routledge, 2000)

Christian Gerlach , “Extremely Violent Societies: An Alternative to the Concept of Genocide,” Journal of Genocide Research 8, no. 4 (2006): 455–71

N. Werth , “Repenser la Grande Terreur en URSS, 1937–1938,” Le Débat, no. 122 (November/December, 2002): 118–39

Andreas Kranig , Lockung und Zwang: Zur Arbeitsverfassung im Dritten Reich (Stuttgart: Deutsch Verlags-Anstalt, 1983), 153–7

Peter Hammerschmidt , Die Wohlfahrtsverbände im NS-Staat: Die NSV und die konfessionellen Verbände (Caritas und Innere Mission) im Gefüge der Wohlfahrtspflege des Nationalsozialismus (Opladen: Leske + Budrich, 1999), 397–407

Nikolaus Wachsmann , “‘Annihilation through Labor’: The Killing of State Prisoners in the Third Reich,” in Journal of Modern History 71, no. 3 (1999): 624–59

Kiran Patel , Soldaten der Arbeit: Arbeitsdienste in Deutschland und in den USA, 1933 bis 1945 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003)

Czesław Madajczyk and Stanislaw Biernacki , Vom Generalplan Ost zum Generalsiedlungsplan (Munich: Saur, 1994)

Sybille Steinbacher , “Musterstadt” Auschwitz: Germanisierungspolitik und Judenmord in Ostoberschlesien (Munich: K. G. Saur, 2000)

Christian Jansen and Arno Weißbecker , Der “Volksdeutsche Selbstschutz” in Polen 1939/40 (Munich: Oldenbourg, 1992)

Francine Hirsch , “Race without the Practice of Racial Politics,” Slavic Review 61, no. 1 (2002): 37

Eric D. Weitz , “Racial Politics without the Concept of Race,” Slavic Review 61, no. 1 (2002): 18

Amir Weiner , “Nothing by Certainty,” Slavic Review 61, no. 1 (2002): 44–53

Alaina Lemon , “Without a ‘Concept’?: Race as Discursive Practice,” Slavic Review 61, no. 1 (2002): 54–61

Reinhard Otto , Wehrmacht, Gestapo und sowjetische Kriegsgefangene im deutschen Reichsgebiet 1941/42 (Munich: Oldenbourg, 1998)

Arthur L. Smith , “Die vermißte Million”: Zum Schicksal der deutschen Kriegsgefangenen nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg (Munich, 1992), esp. 75–81, 87

Vandana Joshi , Gender and Power in the Third Reich: Female Denouncers and the Gestapo, 1933–45 (Basingstoke: Macmillan Palgrave, 2003)

Mark Levene , “Creating a Modern ‘Zone of Genocide’: The Impact of Nation- and State Formation on Eastern Anatolia, 1878–1923,” Holocaust and Genocide Studies 12, no. 3 (1998): 393–433

Nicolas Werth , “Déplacés spéciaux et colons de travail dans la société stalinienne,” XXème Siècle. Revue d'Histoire, 54 (1997): 34–50