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    Cornell, Tim Rankov, Boris and Sabin, Philip 1996. INTRODUCTION. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Vol. 41, Issue. S67, p. vii.

    RANKOV, BORIS 1996. THE SECOND PUNIC WAR AT SEA. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, Vol. 41, Issue. S67, p. 49.

  • Print publication year: 1989
  • Online publication date: March 2008

3 - The Second Punic War

The Senate took advantage of Carthage's difficulties in the Mercenary War to seize Sardinia. Polybius rightly regarded the latter action as unjustified and the subsequent Carthaginian resentment as a major cause of the Second Punic War. The treaty between Hannibal and Philip V of Macedon clearly envisaged Rome's continuing existence after a Carthaginian victory. Hannibal left Carthago Nova sometime in May, and reached the Rhone in September. Scipio, with an army destined for Spain, arrived by sea at the mouth of the Rhone at the same time. Scipio now sent the major part of his forces to Spain under the command of his brother Gnaeus, while he himself returned to Italy. Sicily and Sardinia were the prizes won by Rome as a result of the First Punic War and its aftermath. They were finally organized as provinces in 227 but in Sicily the kingdom of Syracuse, like the city of Messana, remained an independent state, bound to Rome by treaty.
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