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  • Cited by 2
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Lohrmann, Martin J. 2018. Martin Luther in Context. p. 249.

    Friedman, Ken 2016. A Game without Rules. Performance Research, Vol. 21, Issue. 4, p. 9.

  • Print publication year: 2003
  • Online publication date: May 2006

2 - Luther’s Wittenberg

from Part I - Luther’s life and context

Wittenberg is Luther's Wittenberg in three distinct ways: The Wittenberg of the late Middle Ages provides the conditions for Luther's work, theWittenberg of the Reformation era is shaped by Luther himself, and the Wittenberg of the post-Reformation period is formed by Luther's followers.


A fortress of Wittenberg is mentioned for the first time in 1180. It belongs to the Ascanians, who call people from the Rhineland and the Netherlands to settle there around 1159/60. Situated next to the fortress, this settlement grows into a town, receiving its charter in 1293. The charter also includes permission for fortifications. Soon a town wall is erected.

The townspeople continue to gain in strength and about 1280 they begin the construction of a town church, the so-called St. Mary’s Church. Well before 1300 the Gothic choir with its two aisles is completed.Akeystone in the nave shows Christ giving a blessing. In the middle of the fourteenth century a mighty construction is begun on the west side, including two towers.

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The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther
  • Online ISBN: 9780511998744
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