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  • Cited by 134
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: July 2014

15 - The ethics of artificial intelligence

Summary

This chapter surveys some of the ethical challenges that may arise as one can create artificial intelligences (AI) of various kinds and degrees. Some challenges of machine ethics are much like many other challenges involved in designing machines. There is nearly universal agreement among modern AI professionals that artificial intelligence falls short of human capabilities in some critical sense, even though AI algorithms have beaten humans in many specific domains such as chess. In creating a superhuman chess player, the human programmers necessarily sacrificed their ability to predict Deep Blue's local, specific game behavior. A different set of ethical issues arises when one can contemplate the possibility that some future AI systems might be candidates for having moral status. One also has moral reasons to treat them in certain ways, and to refrain from treating them in certain other ways. Superintelligence may be achievable by increasing processing speed.
Further reading
Bostrom, N. (2014). Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies. Oxford University Press. A comprehensive discussion of the challenges posed by the prospect of a machine intelligence revolution.
Wallach, W. and Allen, C. (2009). Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong. Oxford University Press. A survey of some issues in the machine ethics literature.
Yudkowsky, E. (2008). Artificial Intelligence as a positive and negative factor in global risk, in Bostrom, N. and Ćirković, M. (eds.), Global Catastrophic Risks (pp. 308–45). Oxford University Press. An introduction to the risks and challenges presented by the possibility of recursively self-improving superintelligent machines.
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