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  • Cited by 2
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Zhang, Niina Ning 2016. Identifying Chinese dependent clauses in the forms of subjects. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, Vol. 25, Issue. 3, p. 275.

    Zagona, Karen 2015. Comparison classes, the relative/absolute distinction and the Spanish ser/estar alternation: commentary on the paper by Gumiel-Molina, Moreno-Quibén and Pérez-Jiménez. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory, Vol. 33, Issue. 3, p. 1003.

  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: August 2013

10 - The syntax of predication

from Part III - Syntactic structures
Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) starts from the idea that grammatical knowledge is factored into different levels of representation, which encode different kinds of information, and are in not in a one-one mapping relation. LFG makes a sharp distinction between some grammatical information (at f-structure) and the overt structure which expresses that information (the c-structure). The c-structure encodes phrasal dominance and precedence relations, represented as a phrase structure tree. In contrast, the f-structure encodes information about the functional relations between the parts, such as what is the subject and what is the predicate, what agreement features are present, and so on. F-structure presents all of the grammatically relevant information about a sentence or other unit of analysis. C-structure is a representation of constituency, categorial labeling, and linear precedence relations. One central idea of the LFG approach is that the truly universal aspects of syntax are determined with regard to f-structure information.
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The Cambridge Handbook of Generative Syntax
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