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    2015. Authority and Performance. p. 215.

    Shaw, Brent D. 2015. The Myth of the Neronian Persecution. Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 105, p. 73.


    Sabo, Theodore Lioy, Dan and Fick, Rikus 2014. A Hesychasm before Hesychasm. Journal of Early Christian History, Vol. 4, Issue. 1, p. 88.


    Foster, Paul 2007. Books of the Month. The Expository Times, Vol. 118, Issue. 6, p. 280.


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    • Online ISBN: 9781139054836
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399
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Book description

The first of the nine volume Cambridge History of Christianity series, Origins to Constantine provides a comprehensive overview of the essential events, persons, places and issues involved in the emergence of the Christian religion in the Mediterranean world in the first three centuries. Over thirty essays written by scholarly experts trace this dynamic history from the time of Jesus through to the rise of Imperial Christianity in the fourth century. It provides thoughtful and well-documented analyses of the diverse forms of Christian community, identity and practice that arose within decades of Jesus's death, and which through missionary efforts were soon implanted throughout the Roman Empire. Origins to Constantine examines the distinctive characteristics of Christian groups in each geographical region up to the end of the third century, while also exploring the development of the institutional forms, intellectual practices and theological formulations that would mark Christian history in subsequent centuries.

Reviews

'The Cambridge History of Christianity is a most ambitious project … The full collection is intended to blend sociological, demographic, cultural, and institutional historical perspectives with the developement of worship and liturgical traditions and theological developement. Given the goal of the series, [this book] is a major success. Professor Mitchell … and Professor Young … have successfully combined their vast talents to edit a compendium of essays rich in detail and true to the objective of avoiding revisionist history … This volume is a must-read for all interested in the early church. It is written for an academic or professional audience and is a required addition to any well-equipped library. While each reader will find areas where more material would be of great interest, the extensive bibliographies (ninety-two pages) provide a wealth of supplemental resources.'

Source: History and Society of Religion

'This volume is a propitious opening to the eight which will follow … This is an important, sophisticated and intelligently edited volume which should aid and abet the student of earliest Christianity for many a year to come. Higher praise could not be bestowed upon a handbook of this kind.'

Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History

'The utility of the Cambridge History of Christianity: Origins to Constantine lies primarily in its comprehensive treatment of discrete aspects of the early church, covering a wide range of themes, issues, persons and events. Its insightful chapters are supplemented by useful illustrations, maps, detailed bibliographies and index. Origins to Constantine is a valuable resource for the lay-person and scholar alike. While the cost of the book will be prohibitive for some, libraries and scholars able to invest in this volume and the series will yield intellectual dividends for years to come.'

Source: Studies in Religion

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Page 1 of 2


  • 1 - Galilee and Judaea in the first century
    pp 35-52
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.003
  • View abstract
    Summary
    As one moves from west to east, both Galilee and Judaea follow a similar pattern in geomorphic terms, coastal plain, central hill country, rift valley and the uplands of Transjordan. Galilee was recognised as a Jewish territory, together with Judaea in the south and Perea across the Jordan. These sub-regions were soon incorporated into the kingdom of Herod the Great, and were expected to make their contribution to the honouring of his Roman patron, Augustus. In the past twenty-five years, no region of ancient Palestine has received more attention than Galilee, because of Jewish and Christian interest in the career of Jesus and the emergence of rabbinic Judaism there after the revolt of Bar Kochba. In addition to the study of the literary evidence, mainly Josephus' works, the gospels, and the rabbinic writings, the focus has been on archaeology, both at key sites like Sepphoris and in surveys of various subregions.
  • 2 - The Jewish diaspora
    pp 53-68
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.004
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The spread of Jews in significant numbers around the Mediterranean, on the other hand, had followed Alexander the Great's conquest of the east, and was consolidated under Greek and then Roman sovereignty. Major Jewish settlements were located in the cities of the Roman provinces of Asia, in Greece and in Egypt. Jewish identities in the ancient Mediterranean varied widely, as might be expected. In the sphere of material culture, burial practices and funerary epigraphy shed light on the Jews' adaptation to their varied diaspora environments. Jews normally adopted the burial patterns and epitaph types used in the wider society. The essence of diaspora circumstances lies in powerlessness more than in power and might always turn to acrimony. This was surely the lesson learnt by Mediterranean Jewry through the half millennium which authors have surveyed of their existence in dispersion. The early Christian communities shared many of the same experiences; they brought to bear on them both old techniques and new.
  • 3 - The Roman empire
    pp 69-84
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.005
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The Roman empire forms the broader political, social and religious context for the emergence of early Christianity. The path leading to Rome's imperial history was set by Gaius Julius Caesar, who was assassinated in 44 BCE by senators fearing that he was trying to become a new Roman king. Whereas, the very death of Jesus by crucifixion, a Roman capital punishment for slaves and non-Roman insurgents, demonstrates that the first century CE in Judaea was a time of unrest and conflict, too. Stoicism proved more congenial to the Romans, especially when concentrating on ethics. The importance of Graeco-Roman philosophy for early Christianity can be seen especially in two areas: the question of god, later called 'theology'. The first and second century CE saw the acme of Roman art and architecture which had developed through a blending of Etruscan and Italian with Greek and Hellenistic elements and which then was diffused from the capital through the cities of the empire.
  • 4 - Jewish Christianity
    pp 85-102
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.006
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Jesus and his first disciples were Jews, and for several centuries after his death Christians of Jewish origin were a significant presence both inside and outside of the land of his birth. The history of Jewish Christianity in the first few Christian centuries begin with Jesus brother James, the leader of the Torah observant, the predominant faction in the Jerusalem 'mother church' until its dispersal in the Jewish revolt of 66-73 CE, and perhaps even afterwards. James continues to be a model of Torah piety in the second-third century Jewish Christian sources embedded in the fourth-century Pseudo-Clementine literature. James and Peter were important figureheads, but they themselves were only the tip of a huge Jewish Christian iceberg that is mostly invisible to us because of the eventual triumph of Gentile Christianity. Paul himself, in his battle against it, provides compelling evidence of its power, for example in his letter to the Galatian Christians.
  • 5 - Gentile Christianity
    pp 103-124
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.007
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The contrast between 'Jew' and 'Greek' can denote the linguistic divide between the Hebrew and Greek tongues, with 'Greek' also serving as a metonymy for the entire cultural and cultic difference between those whose world-view is circumscribed by the polytheistic pantheon of Greek religion and literature. The earliest and most important sources for Gentile Christianity are the seven authentic letters written by Paul c. 50-60 to assemblies of Christians. In recounting the geographical spread of the Pauline mission to the Gentiles, follow the terms of Roman provincial organisation and urban place names which Paul himself chose to employ in his letters. From Macedonia Paul and co-workers Timothy and Silvanus moved into mainland Greece. Early catholicism is sometimes used to refer to the developments in Gentile, particularly Pauline, Christian communities in the third generation, as they are known to everyone in the Pastoral Epistles, the letters of Ignatius and Polycarp, and the Acts of the Apostles.
  • 6 - Johannine Christianity
    pp 125-143
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.008
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Johannine Christianity constitutes an alternative to other forms of Christianity in the late first or early second century. The Johannine community of the first century bequeathed to the universal churches its distinctive literary corpus and estimation of Jesus, which came to dominate the development of later Christian orthodoxy. Other representatives of Johannine Christianity, nurturing alternative strands of tradition, influenced various second-century movements, characterised by their opponents and much modern scholarship as 'Gnostic'. Apocryphon of John and Acts of John are the two second-century texts obliquely continue the Johannine literary tradition. The written record nonetheless maintains distinctive features in theology and practice, particularly in three areas, Christology, eschatology and ethics. In each area the distinctive Johannine position intensifies elements present in other forms of Christianity. In the final analysis the gospel's most distinctive features are the literary techniques through which it makes its claims.
  • 7 - Social and ecclesial life of the earliest Christians
    pp 144-174
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.009
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The social forms of association from the Galilean beginnings to the post-Easter community in Jerusalem and the house congregations in the cities of the Roman empire, the social location of typical converts, forms of worship and ritual and other dimensions of an emerging Christian subculture. In the early churches remembered about Jesus and his disciples, there are a number of elements that accord well with the 'renewal movement' model. In the Acts of the Apostles and the earlier letters of Paul, everyone see a group centred in Jerusalem that seems much more stable and structured than the rural movement. According to Acts, it was in Antioch, too, that the followers of Messiah Jesus were first called Christianoi, likely by outsiders who now recognised them as a sect distinguishable from the main Jewish community. One of the important and distinctive developments in the organisation of the ancient church is the establishment of what came to be called 'the monarchical episcopate'.
  • 8 - The emergence of the written record
    pp 175-194
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.010
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The first followers of Jesus of Nazareth had turned to their 'scriptures', the sacred texts of Judaism in the Hebrew and Greek languages, and sought to explain the Jesus whom they had come to know by what they found there. The first element in the establishment of the Christian 'written record' was the singularly most significant decision to carry out Christian literary activity under the umbrella of the Torah, the prophets and the writings. This chapter discusses the letters of Paul, Gospel literature, and fourfold gospel. Early Christian literary culture was initially carried out within the lexical field, world-view and theological presuppositions of the scriptures of Israel, predominantly as known in the Greek translation called the Septuagint. The pseudepigraphical Pauline letters draw upon the original letters and 'update' and refine them to suit later circumstances. The chapter includes Christian gospel literature of John, Luke, Matthew and Mark.
  • 9 - Marcion and the ‘canon’
    pp 195-213
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.011
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Marcion is an intriguing figure in early Christian history. He has commanded attention on two topics: the church's appropriation of the scriptures of Judaism, and the emergence of a canon of specifically Christian scriptures. A major corollary of Marcion's ditheism was a sharp disparagement of the creation. His disdain for the material order found two principal expressions, namely docetic Christology and moral rigorism. Ditheism, docetism and devaluation of the material world and the body, Marcion's teaching is in other ways distinct from Christian Gnostic systems. Beyond his ditheism, what drew the strongest fire of Marcion's critics was his view of Jewish scripture. Marcion's rejection of the scriptures of Judaism amid the challenges posed by the Christian employment of Jewish scriptures, it had some appeal within the Gentile church. Marcion's activity was the sine qua non of the formation of the New Testament, and that the New Testament canon arose principally or even exclusively as a reaction to him.
  • 10 - Self-definition vis-à-vis the Jewish matrix
    pp 214-229
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.012
  • View abstract
    Summary
    To speak of early Christian self-definition is to recognise that the sense of self always implies differentiation from one or more 'others'. This chapter identifies those significant 'others' as the 'Jewish matrix' and the 'Graeco-Roman world', differentiation from 'Gnostic' groups is arguably different in kind. Paul's was not the only model developing during the first century. Although constrained by the quasi-biographical gospel genre, Matthew denies any rupture with a genuine faithfulness to the past, either in his presentation of the person of Jesus, whom he describes in ways recalling Moses. Now that rabbinic Judaism is no longer taken as the controlling norm for any reconstruction of Jewish thought throughout the period one can also recognise that Christian theology's attempts to address the Hellenistic world continued to owe much to the earlier and perhaps continuing efforts made by Jews to speak of their God in the same context.
  • 11 - Self-definition vis-à-vis the Graeco-Roman world
    pp 230-244
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.013
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter analyses a crucial moment in the second century of the formation of a 'Christian' discourse and, indeed, of the construction of 'Christianity' itself. Justin Martyr was not the first to take up the question of self-definition vis-à-vis the Graeco-Roman world, and he would certainly not be the last, but he was surely one of the most influential to do so. Taken together, Justin and Celsus signal a turning-point in the construction and contestation of Christian discourse. Justin's notion of an ancient Mosaic philosophy on which the Greek philosophers depended betrays the influence of contemporary ideas about the history of philosophy. The distortions and corruptions with which contemporary Platonism was riddled could be compensated for through a process of triangulation among the doctrines of Plato, the precepts of Pythagoras and the institutions of the most ancient 'barbarian' peoples. The feature of Greek philosophical theology was the attempt to reinterpret traditional religion in light of a form of monotheism.
  • 12 - Self-differentiation among Christian groups: the Gnostics and their opponents
    pp 245-260
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.014
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter describes the 'Gnostic school of thought' and the diverse strategies of self-differentiation that it used and elicited. Irenaeus reports that 'Valentinus adapted the fundamental principles of the so-called Gnostic school of thought to his own kind of system' and gives a summary of a myth that the Gnostics taught. The Gnostic myth was a bold attempt to explain the origin and fate of the universe through a combination of the Jewish scriptures and Platonist mythological speculation. Marcion, Valentinus and Justin Martyr developed a set of responses to the Gnostic sect and/or each other that their successors borrowed and developed. These strategies ranged from outright rejection through heresiological rhetoric and withdrawal of fellowship, to adaptation and Christianisation of the Gnostic myth, to more philosophical modes of authority. If the construction of a 'Gnosticism' obscured the characters of the persons and groups assigned to it, likewise the category 'proto-orthodox' can homogenise and so distort the diversity of pre-Constantinian Christianity.
  • 13 - Truth and tradition: Irenaeus
    pp 261-273
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.015
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Irenaeus has been described as a founder, father, or 'first exponent of a catholic Christian orthodoxy', and there is a remarkable contrast between his writings and those written only a generation or two previously by Christians whom he recognised as being within his own tradition. The basis of the position Irenaeus sought to defend was what he supposed was the traditional, and correct, interpretation of the revelation of God contained in what one call the Old Testament. This understanding was being assailed on the one hand by Gnostics who, if they accepted the Old Testament, interpreted it in ways radically different from the Great Church, and on the other hand by Marcionites, who dismissed it altogether, as being utterly irrelevant to the divine revelation newly made in Jesus. The unity between the gospels and the Old Testament is not something that can be gauged only externally, by the application of the rule of truth.
  • 14 - The self-defining praxis of the developing ecclēsia
    pp 274-292
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.016
  • View abstract
    Summary
    An encouragement to asceticism and celibacy began early in the Christian movement, prompted by two different factors: first, adoption of a certain tendency in the Platonic world-view to see the body and the material world as obstacles to attainment of union with God; second, the historical memory of Jesus choice to remain unmarried, probably motivated by the different factors of apocalyptic world-view and the prophetic call. The threefold division of family life into relationships of the male head of household, the paterfamilias, with wife, children and slaves, was popularised by Aristotle. The Jewish marriage contract, the ketubah, followed the custom of specifying what property the wife brought into the marriage, so that in the case of divorce it would accompany her back into her own family. A fairly clear profile of the ideal Christian life emerges from the sources: prayer many times daily, innocence of immoral conduct, stable marriage and family, regular fasting, constant attention to the poor and needy.
  • 15 - From Jerusalem to the ends of the earth
    pp 293-301
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.017
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Both the apostle Paul and the risen Jesus envision a spreading of the Christian movement out from Jerusalem into the circumference of the Mediterranean world, as far as Rome, and 'to the ends of the earth'. This chapter traces the progress and effects of that dispersion of Christian communities in the first three centuries, to Asia Minor, Achaea, Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Gaul, North Africa and Rome. Two major socio-political events without a doubt shaped Christian community destiny. The first crucial event was the seige and destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 66-70 CE. Eusebius reports that the Jerusalem Christians, warned by an oracle via a revelation, fled from Jerusalem before its inhabitants were locked inside for the gruelling final siege. The second crucial event was Hadrian's suppression of the revolt of Bar Kochba in 132-5 CE, and rededication of Jerusalem as Aelia Capitolina, with Jews forbidden, not only to live there, but even to gazeuponit from a distance.
  • 16 - Overview: the geographical spread of Christianity
    pp 302-313
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.018
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Three specific genres of evidence lend themselves to demographic analysis of Christian expansion: inscriptions, papyri and archaeological artefacts. Most pre-Constantinian funerary inscriptions have been discovered in Rome, in Phrygia in Asia Minor, in Roman Africa and possibly at Syracuse in Sicily. The archaeological evidence of pre-Constantinian Christianity is confined to a few localities. Rome dominates the overall picture. The earliest monuments consist of the catacombs that the bishops of Rome acquired from the early third century onwards. Pre-fourth-century papyri survive exclusively from Egypt. Like inscriptions, they are demotic documents. Except for a small number of second and early third-century fragments of the Septuagint and gospels, the papyri mostly belong to the late third century and were written for family or business purposes. The expansion of Christianity is hardest to trace in the smaller provincial towns of the African provinces. Christianity expanded more quickly in the eastern Mediterranean coastal cities, and soon penetrated the hinterlands of Asia Minor.
  • 17 - Asia Minor and Achaea
    pp 314-329
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.019
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Asia Minor and Achaea were nurseries for Christianity, as the New Testament shows. Asia Minor is important for understanding the development and diversification of the Christians religion. Civic rivalry and civil unrest played their parts in the 'webs of power' which bound the rulers and the ruled. Cities might be melting-pots of Greeks and Anatolians, Romans and Jews. Well-established Jewish communities might be strongly ambivalent in response to Hellenistic culture, or actively finding means to accommodate to it. Asia Minor was long established as home to cults of Zeus, the Phrygian Men, mother goddesses, divinised heroes, and monotheism as well. Early Christian traditions about Ephesus and Athens show the interface between Christians, Jews, pagans, city politics and magic. Christians appreciative of the heritage of Judaism remained influential in the churches. Chiliasm and Christian prophetism had particular associations with Asia Minor, though either might be found elsewhere.
  • 18 - Egypt
    pp 330-350
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.020
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Egyptian Christianity began in Alexandria, by far the greatest of the many cities founded by Alexander the Great. Jewish immigration into Egypt from Palestine had begun as early as the sixth century BCE, and Jews flowed into Alexandria in large numbers, with the result that the Alexandrian Jewish community became important in all of the diaspora. Christian organisation in Alexandria exhibits a continuity with Alexandrian Judaism, especially in the form of the presbyterate. Demetrius played a crucial role in the development of the Egyptian Christianity. The 'Catechetical School' of Alexandrian Christian tradition came into being only in the early third century as a result of the growing authority of bishop Demetrius. In the third century a new form of Gnosticism made its entry into Egypt, Manichaeism, which eventually became a world religion in its own right. Monasticism as an institution has played a greater role in the history of Egyptian Christianity than in that of any other regional church.
  • 19 - Syria and Mesopotamia
    pp 351-365
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.021
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter traces the emergence of Christianity in the region broadly known as Syria: stretching from the coastal ports outside Antioch east to Palmyra and Persia, and from Mesopotamia in the north down to Palestine. In the course of the late first and second centuries, the Semitic dialect of Aramaic known as Syriac took hold as a primary Christian language of the Syrian region. Because of the prominence given to Antioch in the New Testament, its relative proximity to Jerusalem, and the strength of its Jewish community, scholars have taken Antioch as a primary centre for Christianity's earliest development. Syria preserved the earliest known collection of Christian hymns, the Odes of Solomon. The legendary Acts of Thomas, originally composed in Syriac but quickly translated into Greek, is an account purporting to tell the adventures of the apostle 'Judas Thomas' as he carried the gospel message east of Antioch, converting communities and kingdoms in Mesopotamia and India.
  • 20 - Gaul
    pp 366-379
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.022
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Almost everyone knows about Christianity in Gaul during the first two or three centuries CE is connected with the Christian communities in Vienne and Lyons in the latter decades of the second century. The precious excerpts, some rather lengthy, of letters written by Christians in Gaul, which Eusebius preserves, and the writings of Irenaeus of Lyons, arguably the important Christian figure of the second century, offer a vivid picture of the remarkable vitality and diversity of these communities. The areas of Gaul in which Christianity appears in the second century CE are marked by the confluence of several forces and peoples. The most important event for the identity of Gaul during the author's period, and for subsequent European history, was the Gallic wars, the eight successive campaigns against Gaul and Britain lead by Julius Caesar between 58 and 50 BCE. The theological seeds that Irenaeus brought with him from Asia clearly flourished into a profound legacy for Christianity in Gaul.
  • 21 - North Africa
    pp 380-396
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.023
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Literary evidence for Christianity in North Africa in the first three centuries comes from Tertullian, Minucius Felix, Cyprian, Commodian, Pseudo-Cyprian, and various homilies and stories of martyrdom. It illustrates the beliefs of the Christian communities, their structures and practices. African social organisation was primarily tribal until the arrival of the Phoenicians, whose culture centred on cities. In general, Africans used Romanisation when it was to their own advantage. The Semitic roots of Punic religion raise the question of the origins of Christianity in Rome. There was great respect for Christians at Rome, but no tradition of a foundation from that city. The intransigence of African Christianity manifests itself from the very beginning through martyrdom and apology. Christians in Africa were persecuted intermittently from 180 until 305. True heirs of African Christianity, they maintained literal and strict interpretations of scripture and a culture of martyrdom. They fostered unity and collegiality among those who continued to oppose the Roman state.
  • 22 - Rome
    pp 397-412
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.024
  • View abstract
    Summary
    When Christianity arrived on the scene, Rome had already extended its power around the Mediterranean world, and had begun its transformation into a monarchical empire. The city of Rome began to decline in the third century as the empire faced economic challenges. The persecution by Decius issued from a sense that the gods who had made Rome great had to be placated if that greatness were to be maintained. Philosophical schools were a major factor in Roman Christianity, despite the lack of traditional basis. Philosophy is mentioned once in the New Testament as 'hollow speculations', and pagans initially dismissed Christian claims to be lovers of wisdom by calling their religion a superstition. Crucial steps in the shaping of inner-Christian scholarly discourse, together with the development of the categories of 'heresy' and 'orthodoxy', were taken by Justin's school. Justin, together with his pupil, Tatian, and Tatian's pupil, Rhodon, engaged in critique of pagan and Jewish teachers and philosophers.
  • 23 - Institutions in the pre-Constantinian ecclēsia
    pp 413-433
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812399.025
  • View abstract
    Summary
    By the time of Constantine, the church was a sufficiently robust organisation for the emperor to engage it as a partner in unifying the empire. Systems of authority, patterns of belief and control of funds and property had turned the household communities into an interlinked, empire-wide organisation that mirrored the structure of the empire itself. Irenaeus ideas for identifying true tradition in the face of diversity of faith and practice were adopted enthusiastically by Tertullian, about 200 CE. Scripture provided a cultic 'typology', reinforcing the growing power of the bishops and other orders of ministry. Christians were originally distinct from biblical Judaism and from the pagan world around them in that they had no sacrificial cult. By the time Matthew was written, judgement needed two or three witnesses, private expostulation and a public hearing by 'the assembly' or ecclesia before expulsion; the decision of the assembled believers, upheld by God, should be mercifully applied.

Page 1 of 2


Bibliographies
1 Clement [See Apostolic fathers].
2 Clement [See Apostolic fathers].
2 Maccabees. Text: 2. Makkabäerbuch, Habicht, C. (ed.), Jüdische Schriften aus hellenistisch-römischer Zeit, vol. 1, Historische und legendarische Schriften, pt 3 (Gütersloh: Mohn, (1976).
4 Ezra Text: Die Esra-Apokalypse (IV. Esra), 2 vols., Violet, B. (ed.), GCS 18, 32 (1910–24).
4 Ezra Text: Die Esra-Apokalypse (IV. Esra), Klijn, A. F. J. (ed.), GCS (un-numbered) (1992).
4 Ezra [English translation: OTP, vol. I, APOT, vol. II].
A Manichaean psalm-book, pt 11. Text, Allberry, C. R. C. (ed.), Manichaean manuscripts in the Chester Beatty collection 2 (Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, (1938).
A Valentinian exposition NHS 28, Hedrick, C. W. (ed.) (1990), 89–172.
A Valentinian exposition [NHC XI, 2; English translation: NHL].
Aalders, G. J. D.Tertullian’s quotations from St Luke’, Mnemosyne 5 (1937), 241–82
Abgar legend [English translation: NTApoc, vol. I].
Abramowski, L.Irenaeus, Adv. haer. III.3.2: ecclesia romana and omnis ecclesia; and ibid. 3.3: Anacletus of Rome’, Journal of theological studies 28 (1977), 101–4
Abusch, R.Negotiating difference: genital mutilation in Roman slave law and the history of the Bar Kokhba revolt’, in The Bar Kokhba war reconsidered: new perspectives on the second Jewish revolt against Rome, Schäfer, P. (ed.), TSAJ 100 (2003),71–91.
Achtemeier, P. J. 1 Peter: a commentary on First Peter, Hermeneia (Minneapolis: Fortress 1996).
Achtemeier, P. J.The origin and function of the pre-Markan miracle catenae’, Journal of biblical literature 91 (1972), 198–221
Act of Peter NHS II, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979), 473–93.
Act of Peter [BG, 4; English translation: NHL].
Acta Joannis [English translation: NTA poc, vol. II].
Acta Maximiliani [Musurillo, 244–9].
Acta proconsularia, in S. Thasci Caecili Cypriani opera omnia, Hartel, G. (ed.), CSEL 3.3 (1868–71).
Acts of Andrew Text: Acta Andreae, Prieur, J.-M. (ed.), CCSA 5–6 (1989).
Acts of Andrew [English translation: NTApoc, vol. 11].
Acts of Andrew and Matthias in the city of cannibals [English translation: James, (ed.), Apocryphal New Testament].
Acts of Andrew and Matthias in the city of cannibals Text and Trans.: The Acts of Andrew and The Acts of Andrew and Matthias in the city of cannibals, MacDonald, D. R. (ed. and trans.) (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990).
Acts of Andrew and Matthias in the city of cannibals Text: Acta apostolorum apocrypha, Lipsius, R. A., Bonnet, M. and Kraft, H. (eds.) (Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1891), vol. I.
Acts of Paul Text: Acta apostolorum apocrypha, Lipsius, R. A., Bonnet, M. and Kraft, H. (eds.) (Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1891), vol. I.
Acts of Paul [English translation: NTApoc, vol. 11].
Acts of Paul and Thecla Text: Acta apostolorum apocrypha, Lipsius, R. A., Bonnet, M. and Kraft, H. (eds.) (Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1891), vol. I.
Acts of Paul and Thecla [English translation: NTApoc, vol. 11].
Acts of Peter Text and French trans.: Les Actes de Pierre: introduction, textes, traduction et commentaire, Vouaux, L., Documents pour servir à l’étude des origines chrétiennes (Paris: Letouzey et Ané, 1922).
Acts of Peter [English translation: NTApoc, vol. 11].
Acts of Peter and Paul Text: Acta apostolorum apocrypha, Lipsius, R. A., Bonnet, M. and Kraft, H. (eds.) (Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1891), vol. I.
Acts of Peter and Paul [English translation: ANF 8].
Acts of Peter and the twelve apostles NHS II, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979), 197–229.
Acts of Peter and the twelve apostles [NHC VI, 1; English translation: NHL].
Acts of Pilate [English translation: NTApoc, vol. I].
Acts of Sharbil, Babai and Barsamya Text and English translation: Ancient Syriac documents relative to the earliest establishment of Christianity in Edessa and the neighbouring countries, Cureton, W. (ed. and trans.) (Amsterdam: Oriental Press, 1967, original 1864).
Acts of Sharbil, Babai and Barsamya [English translation: ANF 8].
Acts of Thomas Text and English translation: The Acts of Thomas: introduction, text, and commentary, 2nd rev. ed., Klijn, A. F. J. (ed.), NovTSup 108 (2003).
Acts of Thomas Text: La version Copte de la prédication et du martyre de Thomas, Poirier, P.-H. (ed.), with Lucchesi, E., Subsidia hagiographica 67 (Brussels: Société des Bollandistes, 1984).
Acts of Thomas [English translation: NTApoc, vol. 11].
Adkins, L. and Adkins, R. A.. Handbook to life in ancient Rome (New York: Facts on File, 1994).
Adriani, A. (ed.). Repertorio d’arte dell’Egitto greco-romano, ser. C, vols. I (text) and II (tables) (Palermo: Fondazione ‘Ignazio Mormino’ del Banco di Sicilia, 1966).
Aland, B.Marcion–Marcionites–Marcionism’, EECh (1992), vol. 1, 523–4.
Aland, K. and Aland, B.. The text of the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1987).
Aland, B.Marcion: Versuch einer neuen Interpretation’, Zeitschrift für Theologie 70 (1973), 420–47
Aland, B.Marcion/Marcioniten’, Theologische Realenzyklopädie, Krause, G. and Müller, G. (eds.) (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1976–) 22 (1992), 89–101
Aland, B.Fides und subiectio: zur Anthropologie des Irenäus’, in Kerygma und Logos: beiträge zu den geistesgeschichtlichen Beziehungen zwischen Antike und Christentum. Festschrift für Carl Andresen zum 70. Geburtstag, Ritter, A. M. (ed.) (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1979), 9–28
,Albinus. Epitome, in Albinos: Épitomé, Louis, P. (ed.) (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1945).
Albrecht, M.. A history of Roman literature from Livius Andronicus to Boethius: with special regard to its influence on world literature, 2 vols., Schmeling, G. L. and Albrecht, M. (revs.), Mnemos.Sup. 165 (1997).
Alcock, S. E. (ed.). The early Roman empire in the east (Oxford: Oxbow Books, 1997).
Alcock, S. E. Graecia capta: the landscapes of Roman Greece (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Alexander, L. The preface to Luke’s gospel: literary convention and social context in Luke 1.1–4 and Acts 1.1, SNTSMS 78 (1993).
Alexander, P. S.“;The parting of the ways” from the perspective of rabbinic Judaism’, in Jews and Christians: the parting of the ways, ad70 to 135, The second Durham–Tübingen research symposium on earliest Christianity and Judaism (Durham, September 1989), Dunn, J. D. G. (ed.), WUNT 66 (1992).1–25.
Alexander, L.The living voice: skepticism towards the written word in early Christian and in Graeco-Roman texts’, in The Bible in three dimensions, Clines, D. J. A., Fowl, S. E. and Porter, S. E. (eds.), JSOTSup 87 (1990), 221–47
Alexander, J. S.Novatian/Novatianer’, Theologische Realenzyklopädie, Krause, G. and Müller, G. (eds.) (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1976–) 24 (1994), 678–82
Alexandria, Athanasius Text: Athanasius Werke, vol. II, pt I, vol. III, pt 1, Opitz, H. G. (ed.) (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1934–41).
Alexandria, Athanasius [English translation: NPNF2 4].
Alexandria, Clement. English translation: Clement of Alexandria (Exhortation to the Greeks, Rich man’s salvation, To the newly baptized), LCL, Butterworth, G.W. (ed. and trans.) (1919).
Alexandria, Clement [English translation: ANF 2].
Alexandria, Clement. Excerpta ex Theodoto. Text and English translation: Casey, R. P., The Excerpta ex Theodoto of Clement of Alexandria, SD1 (1934).
Alexandria, Clement. Letter to Theodore. Text and English translation: Smith, M., Clement of Alexandria and a secret gospel of Mark (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973), 445–53.
Alexandria, Clement. Paedagogus. Text: Clemens Alexandrinus, vol. I: Protrepticus und Paedagogus. Stählin, O., and Treu, U. (eds.), GCS 12, 2nd ed. (1974).
Alexandria, Clement. Protrepticus. Text: Clementis Alexandrini Protrepticus, , M. Marcovich (ed.), VCSup 34 (1995).
Alexandria, Clement. Stromateis.Text: Stählin, O., Früchtel, L., and Treu, U. (eds.), GCS 52, 2nd ed. (1985) (bks 1–6); Stählin, O. and Früchtel, L. (eds.), GCS 17, 2nd ed. (1970) (bks 7–8).
Alexandria, Clement. English translation: Alexandrian Christianity: selected translations of Clement and Origen with introductions and notes, , J. E. L. Oulton and Chadwick, H. (eds. and trans.), LCC 2, Ichthus edition (1977).
Alexandria, Clement. English translation: Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis, books one to three, Ferguson, J. (trans.), FC 85 (1991).
Alexandria, Clement. English translation: Clement of Alexandria: Christ the educator, Wood, S. P. (trans.), FC 23 (1954).
Alexandria, Clement. Text and French trans.: Clément d’Alexandrie: le Pédagogue, 3 vols., Harl, M., Marrou, H.-I., Matray, C. and Mondésert, C. (eds. and trans.), SC 70, 108, 158 (1960–70).
Alexandria, Clement. Text and French trans.: Le protreptrique, Mondésert, C. and Plassart, André (eds. and trans.), 3rd ed. rev., SC 2 (1976).
Alexandria, Clement. Text: Protrepticus und Paedagogus, Stählin, O. and Treu, U. (eds.), 3rd ed., GCS 1 (1972).
Alexandria, Cyril. English translation: McEnerny, J. I. (trans.), FC 76, 77 (1987).
Alexandria, Cyril. Text and trans.: Cyril of Alexandria: select letters, Wickham, L. R. (ed. and trans.), OECT (1983).
Alexandria, Cyril. Text: Schwartz, E., Acta conciliorum oecumenicorum: iussu atque mandato societatis scientiarum argentoratensis (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1914), I.I.I., pp. 33–42.
Alexandria, Cyril. Text: Opera, 7 vols., Pusey, P. E. (ed.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1868–77).
Alexandria, Cyril.
Alexandrie: unemégapole cosmopolite: Actes du s;ème colloque de la Villa Kérylos à Beaulieu-sur-Mer les 2 &3 octobre 1998 (Paris: Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 1999).
Alexandrina: hellénisme, judaïsme et christianisme à Alexandrie. Mélanges offerts au P. Claude Mondésert (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1987).
Alföldi, A.Introduction: the age of Decius, Gallus and Aemilianus’, CAH1 , vol. XII
Alföldy, G. The social history of Rome, Braund, D. and Pollock, F. (trans.) (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988).
Alföldy, G.Pontius Pilatus und das Tiberieum von Caesarea Maritima’, Scripta classica Israelica 18 (1999),85–108.
Allison, D. C. Jesus of Nazareth: millenarian prophet (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1998).
Allison, D. C.The fiction of James and its Sitz im Leben ’, Revue biblique 108 (2001),529–70.
Allogenes NHS 28, Hedrick, C. W. (ed.) (1990), 173–267.
Allogenes [NHC XI, 3; English translation: NHL].
Altendorf, H.-D.Zum Stichwort: Rechtgläubigkeit und Ketzerei im ältesten Christentum’, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 80 (1969), 61–74.
Alvarez Cineira, D. Die Religionspolitik des Kaisers Claudius und die paulinische Mission, Herders biblische Studien (Freiburg: Herder) 19 (1999).
,Ambrose of Milan. Explanatio psalmorum XII. Text: Petschenig, M. (ed.), CSEL 642 (1999).
Anatolios, K. Athanasius: the coherence of his thought. (London: Routledge, 1998).
Anderson, P. N. The Christology of the fourth gospel: its unity and disunity in the light of John 6, WUNT 2/78 (1996).
Andia, Y.. Homo vivens: incorruptibilité et divinisation de l’homme selon Irénée de Lyon (Paris: Études Augustiniennes, 1986).
Ando, C. Imperial ideology and provincial loyalty in the Roman empire (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000).
Andresen, C.“Siegreiche Kirche” im Aufstieg des Christentums. Untersuchungen zu Eusebius von Caesarea und Dionysius von Alexandrien’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (Berlin: De Gruyter) 11.23.1 (1979), 387–459.
Andresen, C. Logos und Nomos: die Polemik des Kelsos wider das Christentum, AKG 30 (1955).
Andresen, C. and Ritter, A. M.. Handbuch der Dogmen- und Theologiegeschichte, vol. I: Die Lehrentwicklung im Rahmen der Katholizität, 2nd ed. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1999).
Antioch, Ignatius. Epistulae [See Apostolic fathers].
Antioch, Theophilus. Ad Autolycum. Text and English translation: Ad Autolycum, Grant, R. M. (ed. and trans.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970).
Antioch, Theophilus. Text: Goodspeed, , Die ältesten Apologeten.
Apocalypse of Adam NHS 11, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979) 151–95
Apocalypse of Adam [NHC V, 5; English translation: OTP, vol. I; NHL].
Apocalypse of Baruch Text and French trans.: Apocalypse de Baruch, Bogaert, P. (ed. and trans.), Sources chrétiennes (Paris: Éditions du Cerf) 144 (1969).
Apocalypse of Baruch [English translation: OTP, vol. 1, APOT, vol. 1].
Apocalypse of Elijah English translation: Frankfurter, D., Elijah in Upper Egypt: the Apocalypse of Elijah and early Egyptian Christianity, SAC 7 (1993) 299–328
Apocalypse of Elijah Text: Steindorff, G., Die Apokalypse des Elias: eine unbekannte Apokalypse und Bruchstücke der Sophonias-Apokalypse, TU 17 (1899).
Apocalypse of Elijah [English translation: OTP, vol. 1].
Apocalypse of Paul NHS 11, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979) 47–63
Apocalypse of Paul [NHC v, 2; English translation: NHL, NTApoc, vol. 11].
Apocalypse of Peter NHMS 30, Pearson, B. A. (ed.) (1996) 201–47
Apocalypse of Peter [NHC VII, 3; English translation: NHL, NTApoc, vol. 11].
Apocryphal New Testament [See Elliott, The Apocryphal New Testament; James, The Apocryphal New Testament].
Apocryphon of James NHS 22–3, Attridge, H. W. (ed.) (1985) 13–53
Apocryphon of James [NHC 1, 2; English translation: NHL].
Apocryphon of John NHMS 33, Waldstein, M. and Wisse, F. (eds. and trans.) (1995).
Apocryphon of John [NHC II, I; III, I; IV, I; BG, 2; English translation: NHL].
Apostolic constitutions Text and French trans. Les constitutions apostoliques, 3 vols., Metzger, M. (ed. and trans.), SC 320, 329, 336 (1985–7).
Apostolic constitutions [English translation: ANF 7].
Apostolic fathers. Text and English translation: The Apostolic fathers: Greek texts and English translations of their writings, 2nd ed., Lightfoot, J. B. and Harmer, J. R. (eds. and trans.), Holmes, M. W. (ed. and rev.) (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1992).
Apostolic fathers. Text and English translation: The Apostolic fathers, 5 vols., Lightfoot, J. B. (ed. and trans.) (London: Macmillan, 1885–90).
Apostolic fathers. Text and English translation: The Apostolic fathers, LCL, 2 vols., Ehrman, B. D. (ed. and trans.) (2003).
Apostolic fathers. Text and English translation: The Apostolic fathers, LCL, 2 vols., Lake, K. (ed. and trans.) (1912–13).
Apostolic fathers. Text and English translation: The Didache: text, translation, analysis, and commentary, Milavec, A. (ed. And trans.) (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2003).
Apostolic fathers. Text and French trans.: La doctrine des douze apôtres (Didachè), Rordorf, W. and Tuilier, A. (eds. and trans.), SC 248 (1978).
Apostolic fathers. Text and French trans.: Lettres: Ignace d’Antioche, Polycarpe de Smyrne, martyre de Polycarpe, Camelot, P. T. (ed. and trans.), SC 10 2 (1998).
Apostolic fathers. Text and French trans.: Lettres: martyre de Polycarpe, 2nd ed., Camelot, P. Th. (ed. And trans.), SC 10 (1951).
Apostolic fathers. Text and German trans.: Die apostolischen Väter, Funk, F. X., Bihlmeyer, K., Whittaker, M., Lindemann, A. and Paulsen, H. (eds. and trans.) (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1992).
Apostolic fathers. Text: Der Hirt des Hermas, Whittaker, M. (ed.), GCS 48 (1967).
Applebaum, S.The organization of the Jewish communities in the diaspora’, in The Jewish people in the first century: historical geography, political history, social, cultural and religious life and institutions, 2 vols., Safrai, S. and Stern, M. (eds.), CRINT I.1–2 (1974–6), vol. 1, 464–503.
Applebaum, S. Jews and Greeks in ancient Cyrene, SJLA 28 (1979).
,Apuleius. Text: Apulei Platonici Madaurensis opera quae supersunt, 3 vols., Helm, R., Thomas, P. and Moreschini, C. (eds.), Teubner (1908–13, 1991–2001).
Arav, R. and Freund, R. A.. Bethsaida, I and II: ‘A city by the north shore of the sea of Galilee’ (Kirksville, MO: Thomas Jefferson State University Press, 1995, 1999).
Aristeas, Letter of. Text and English translation: An introduction to the Old Testament in Greek, Swete, H. B. (ed.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1902) 499–574
Aristeas, Letter of. Text and French trans.: Lettre d’Aristée à Philocrate, Pelletier, A. (ed. And trans.), SC 89 (1962).
,Aristotle. Politica. Text and English translation: LCL, Rackham, H. (ed. and trans.) (1932).
[,Aristotle]. De mundo. Text: Aristotelis qui fertur libellus de mundo, Lorimer, W. L. (ed.) (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1933) 47–103
Armstrong, A. H.Pagan and Christian traditionalism in the first three centuries’, in Studia patristica xv: papers presented to the seventh international conference on patristic studies held in Oxford, 1975, Livingstone, E. A. (ed.), TU 128 (1984), 414–31
Armstrong, A. H. (ed). The Cambridge history of later Greek and early medieval philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967).
,Arnobius. English translation: Arnobius, , The case against the pagans, 2 vols., McCracken, G. E. (trans.), ACW 7–8 (1949).
,Arnobius. Text: Adversus nationes libri VII, Reifferscheid, A. (ed.), CSEL 4 (1875).
Arnold, C. E. The Colossian syncretism: the interface between Christianity and folk belief at Colossae, WUNT 2/77 (1995).
Arnold, C. E. Ephesians, power and magic: the concept of power in Ephesians in light of its historical setting, SNTSMS 63 (1989)
Arnold, D. W. H. The early episcopal career of Athanasius, CJA 6 (1991).
Ascension of Isaiah English translation: Knight, J., The ascension of Isaiah, Guides to apocrypha and pseudepigrapha (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995).
Ascension of Isaiah Text: Ascensio Isaiae, 2 vols., Bettiolo, P., Kossova, A. G., Leonardi, C., Norelli, E. and Perrone, L. (eds.), CCSA 7–8 (1995).
Ascension of Isaiah [English translation: NTApoc, vol. 11].
Asclepius 21–29 [NHC VI, 8; English translation: NHL].
Asclepius NHS 11, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979), 395–451.
Ashton, J.The identity and function of the Ioudaioi in the fourth gospel’, NovT 27 (1985),40–75.
Ashton, J. ‘The identity and function of the Ioudaioi in the fourth gospel’, Understanding the fourth gospel (Oxford: Clarendon, 1991).
Athanassiadi, P. and Frede, M. (eds.). Pagan monotheism in late antiquity (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999).
,Athenagoras. Legatio sive supplicatio pro Christianis. Text: Legatio pro Christianis, Marcovich, M. (ed.), PTS 31 (1990).
,Athenagoras. English translation: Athenagoras: Embassy for the Christians; the resurrection of the dead, Crehan, J. H. (trans.), ACW 23 (1956).
,Athenagoras. English translation: Early Christian fathers, Richardson, C. C., Fairweather, E. R., Hardy, E. R. and Shepherd, M. H. (eds. and trans.), LCC 1 (1970).
,Athenagoras. Text and English translation: in Athenagoras: Legatio and De resurrectione, Schoedel, W. R. (ed. and trans.), OECT (1972).
,Athenagoras. Text and French trans.: Supplique au sujet des chrétiens, Bardy, G. (ed. and trans.), SC 3 (1943).
Athens, Aristides. Apologia. Text: Goodspeed, , Die ältesten Apologeten.
Athens, Aristides. English translation: The apology of Aristides on behalf of the Christians: from a Syriac ms. preserved on Mount Sinai, Harris, J. R. and Robinson, J. Armitage (eds. and trans.), 2nd ed., Texts and studies: contributions to biblical and patristic literature 1.1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1891).
Attridge, H. W. and Hata, G. (eds.). Eusebius, Christianity, and Judaism, StPB 42 (1992).
Attridge, H. W.Genre bending in the fourth gospel’, Journal of biblical literature 121 (2002)3–21.
Attridge, H. W.. ‘Gnosticism and apocalypticism: Valentinian and Sethian apocalyptic traditions’, Journal of early Christian studies 8 (2000)173–211.
Attridge, H. W.. ‘The restless quest for the Beloved Disciple’, in Early Christian voices in texts, traditions, and symbols: essays in honor of François Bovon, Warren, D. H., Brock, A. Graham and Pao, D. W. (eds.), BIS 66 (2003),71–80.
Attridge, H. W.. ‘“Seeking” and “asking” in Q, Thomas and John’, in From quest to Q: Festschrift James M. Robinson, Jon Ma. AsgeirssonTroyer, K. and Meyer, M. W. (eds.), BETL 146 (2000),295–302.
Augustine, . Retractationes. Text: Sancti Aurelii Augustini Retractationum libri II, Knoll, P. (ed.), CSEL 36 (1902).
Augustine, . English translation: The retractations, Bogan, M. I. (trans.), FC 60 (1968).
Augustine, . English translation: The Trinity, Hill, E. (trans.), Rotelle, John E. (ed.), in The works of Saint Augustine, pt I, vol. V (Brooklyn, NY: New City Press, 1991).
Augustine, . English translation: The Trinity, McKenna, S. (trans.), FC 45 (1963).
Augustine, . Text: Sancti Aurelii Augustini Retractationum libri II, Mutzenbecher, A. (ed.), CCSL 57 (1984).
,Augustine. Contra Cresconium Donatistam = Asconium Grammaticum parties Donati: Sancti Aureli Augustini Scripta contra donatistas, Petschenig, M. (ed.), CSEL 52 (1909).
,Augustine. De civitate Dei. Text: Sancti Aurelii Augustini episcopi De civitate Dei, libri XXII, Dombart, B. and Kalb, A. (eds.), 5th ed., Teubner (1981).
,Augustine. De doctrina Christiana. Text: Martin, J. (ed.), CCSL 32 (1962).
,Augustine. De trinitate. Text: De trinitate libri XV, 2 vols., Mountain, W. J. (ed.), CCSL 50–50A (1968).
,Augustine. Text and English translation: Green, R. P. H. (ed. and trans.), OECT (1995).
,Augustine. Text and English translation: Augustine: City of God, LCL, 7 vols., Green, W. M., Levine, P., McCracken, G. E., Sanford, E. M. and Wiesen, D. S. (eds. and trans.) (1957–72).
Aune, D. E.Magic in early Christianity’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (Berlin: De Gruyter) 11.23.2 (1980), 1507–57.
Aune, D. E. Prophecy in early Christianity and the ancient Mediterranean world (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1983).
Aune, D. E. The New Testament in its literary environment, LEC (1987).
Aune, D. E. The Westminster dictionary of New Testament and early Christian literature and rhetoric (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2003).
Aune, D. E. (ed.). Greco-Roman literature and the New Testament: selected forms and genres, SBLSBS (1988).
Aune, D. E.Worship, early Christian’, Anchor Bible dictionary, 6 vols., Freedman, D. N. (ed.) (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. VI, 973–89
Aune, D. E. The cultic setting of realized eschatology in early Christianity, NovTSup 28 (1972).
Aurelius, Marcus. Text and English translation: Marcus Aurelius, LCL, Haines, C. R. (ed. and trans.) (1916).
Authoritative teaching NHS 11, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979), 257–89.
Authoritative teaching [NHC VI, 3; English translation: NHL].
Baarda, T.De Christi scriptis’: Jesus as author in early Christian literature’, SNTS presidential address, 1 August 2001.
Bacq, P. De l’ancienne à la nouvelle Alliance selon s. Irénée: unité du livre iv de l’Adversus haereses (Paris: Lethielleux, 1978).
Bader, R. Der Alethes logos des Kelsos, TBA 33 (1940).
Bagatti, B. The church from the circumcision: history and archaeology of the Judaeo-Christians, Publications of the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, Smaller Series no. 2 (Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1971).
Bagnall, R. A. Egypt in late antiquity (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).
Bähnk, W. Von der Notwendigkeit des Leidens: die Theologie des Martyriums bei Tertullian, FKDG 78 (2001).
Bähnk, W. Von der Notwendigkeit des Leidens: die Theologie des Martyriums bei Tertullian, FKDG 78 (2001).
Bala’izah Gnostic fragments Kahle, P. E. Jr., Bala’izah: Coptic texts from Deir el-Bala’izah in Upper Egypt, 2 vols. (London: Oxford University Press, 1954), vol. I, 473–7.
Bala’izah Gnostic fragments [English translation: NTApoc, vol. I].
Balas, D. L.Marcion revisited: a “post-Harnack” perspective’, in Texts and testaments, March, W. E. (ed.) (San Antonio, TX: Trinity University Press, 1980), 95–108
Balch, D. L. and Osiek, C. (eds.). Early Christian families in context: an interdisciplinary dialogue (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003).
Balch, D. L.Household codes’, in Greco-Roman literature and the New Testament, Aune, D. E., SBLSBS 21 (1988), 25–50
Balch, D. L.Neopythagorean moralists and the New Testament household codes’ in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (Berlin: De Gruyter) II 26.1 (1992), 380–411
Balch, D. L.The Areopagus speech: an appeal to the Stoic historian Posidonius against later Stoics and the Epicureans’, in Greeks, Romans, and Christians: essays in honor of Abraham J. Malherbe, Balch, D. L., Ferguson, E. and Meeks, W. A (eds.) (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1990), 52–79
Balch, D. L.. ‘The suffering of Isis/Io and Paul’s portrait of Christ crucified (Gal. 3.1): frescoes in Pompeian and Roman houses and in the temple of Isis in Pompeii’, Journal of religion 83 (2003), 24–55
Baltrusch, E. Die Juden und das römische Reich: Geschichte einer konfliktreichen Beziehung (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2002).
Bar-Kochva, B. Pseudo-Hecataeus ‘On the Jews’: legitimizing the Jewish diaspora (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996).
Barag, D.Tyrian currency in Galilee’, Israel numismatic journal 6/7 (1982/3), 7–13
Barclay, J. M. G. Jews in the Mediterranean diaspora from Alexander to Trajan (323 BCE–117 CE) (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1996).
Barclay, J. M. G. (ed.). Negotiating diaspora: Jewish strategies in the Roman empire (New York: T&T Clark, 2004).
Barclay, J. M.Poverty in Pauline studies: a response to Steven Friesen’, Journal for the Study of the New Testament 26 (2004), 363–6
Bardy, G.Aux origines de l’école d’Alexandrie’, Recherches de science religieuse 27 (1937), 65–90.
Bardy, G.Aux origines de l’école d’Alexandrie’, Recherches de science religieuse 27 (1937)., 65–90
Bardy, G.“Philosophie” et “philosophe” dans le vocabulaire chrétien des premiers siècles’, Revue d’ascétique et de mystique 25 (1949), 97–108.
Bardy, G. Paul de Samosate (Bruges: Imprimerie Sainte-Catherine, 1923).
Bardy, G.Pour l’histoire de l’école d’Alexandrie’, Vivre et penser 2 (1942), 80–109.
Bardy, G.La réaction Eusébienne et le schisme de Sardique’, ch. 2 of Palanque, J.-R., Bardy, G. and Labriolle, P., Histoire de l’Eglise depuis les origines jusqu’à nos jours, vol. III: De la paix constantinienne à la mort de Théodose, Fliche, A. and Martin, V. (Paris: Bloud & Gay, 1936), 97–130
Barnabas, Epistle of [See Apostolic fathers].
Barnard, L. W. Athenagoras: a study in second century Christian apologetic, ThH 18 (1972).
Barnard, L. W. Justin Martyr: his life and thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967).
Barnes, T. D.Emperors and bishops 324–44: some problems’, American journal of ancient history 3 (1978), 53–75.
Barnes, T. D.Pre-Decian Acta martyrum’, Journal of theological studies 19 (1968), 509–31.
Barnes, T. D. Athanasius and Constantius: theology and politics in the Constantinian empire (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993).
Barnes, T. D. Constantine and Eusebius (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981).
Barnes, T. D. Early Christianity and the Roman empire (London: Variorum Reprints, 1984).
Barnes, T. D.Legislation against the Christians’, Journal of Roman studies 58 (1968)
Barnes, T. D.Pagan perceptions of Christianity’, in Early Christianity: origins and evolution to ad 600: in honour of W. H. C. Frend, Hazlett, I. (ed.) (London: SPCK, 1991), 231–43
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Barnes, T. D.The editions of Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical history ’, Greek, Roman and Byzantine studies 21 (1980), 191–201
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Caner, D. Wandering, begging monks: spiritual authority and the promotion of monasticism in late antiquity, TCH 33 (1998).
Carleton Paget, J. The Epistle of Barnabas: outlook and background, WUNT 2/64 (1994).
Carleton Paget, J.The definition of “;Jewish Christian/Jewish Christianity” in the history of research’, in A history of Jewish believers in Christ from antiquity to the present, vol. I, Hvalnik, R. and Skarsaune, O. (eds.) (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2006).
Carleton Paget, J.Jewish Christianity’, in The Cambridge history of Judaism, vol. III: The early Roman period, Horbury, W., Davies, W. D. and Sturdy, J. (eds.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999),731–75.
,Carpocrates. English translation: Foerster, , Gnosis, vol. I, 36–40.
,Carpocrates. Testimonia: Smith, M., Clement of Alexandria and a secret gospel of Mark (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973), 295–350.
Carthage, Cyprian De lapsis and De ecclesiae catholicae unitate, Bévenot, M. (ed. and trans.), OECT (1971).
Carthage, Cyprian Epistulae. English translation: The letters of St Cyprian of Carthage, 4 vols., Clarke, G. W. (trans.), ACW 43–4, 46–7 (1984–9).
Carthage, Cyprian Sententiae episcoporum numero LXXXVII de haereticis baptizandis. Text: Diercks, G. F. (ed.), CCSL 3E (2004).
Carthage, Cyprian English translation: St Cyprian, ‘The lapsed’ and ‘The unity of the catholic church’, Bévenot, M. (trans.), ACW 25 (1957).
Carthage, Cyprian Text: Sancti Cypriani episcopi opera, 6 vols., Diercks, G. F., Clarke, G.W. et al. (eds.), CCSL 3, 3A–E (1972–).
Carthage, Cyprian [English translation: ANF 5].
Casey, M. From Jewish prophet to Gentile God: the origins and development of New Testament Christology (Cambridge: James Clarke & Co., 1991).
Casey, M. Is John’s gospel true? (London: Routledge, 1996).
Casson, L. Travel in the ancient world (repr., Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994, original 1974).
Cerfaux, L.Lamultiplication des pains dans la liturgie de la Didachè: Did 9:4’, Bib 40 (1959), 943–948
Cerrato, J. A. Hippolytus between east and west: the commentaries and the provenance of the corpus, OTM (2002).
Chadwick, H. Early Christian thought and the classical tradition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1966).
Chadwick, H. The early Church, PHC 1 (1967).
Chadwick, H. (trans. and ed.). Origen: contra Celsum (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1953).
Chadwick, H. The church in ancient society: from Galilee to Gregory the Great (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Chadwick, H.The origin of the title “Oecumenical council”’, Journal of theological studies 23 (1972), 132–5
Chadwick, H.Ossius of Cordova and the presidency of the Council of Antioch, 325’, Journal of theological studies n.s. 9 (1958), 292–304
Chance, J. B., Hock, R. F. and Perkins, J. (eds.). Ancient fiction and early Christian narrative, SBLSymS 6 (1998).
Chancey, M. A. The myth of a Gentile Galilee, SNTSMS 118 (2002).
Chaniotis, A.The Jews of Aphrodisias: new evidence and old problems’, Scripta classica Israelica 21 (2002),209–42.
Charlesworth, M. P.The Flavian dynasty’, CAH 1, vol. 11 (1936), 1–45.
Charlesworth, J. H. The Beloved Disciple: whose witness validates the gospel of John? (Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1995).
Charlesworth, J. H.. ‘A critical comparison of the dualism in 1QS 3:13–4:26 and the “dualism” contained in the gospel of John’, in John and the Dead Sea scrolls, Charlesworth, J. H. (ed.) (New York: Crossroad, 1990 (orig. John and Qumran (London: Chapman, 1972)), 76–106
Charlesworth, J. H.. ‘The Dead Sea scrolls and the gospel according to John’, in Exploring the gospel of John: in honor of D. Moody Smith, Culpepper, R. A. and Black, C. C. (eds.) (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1996), 289–300
Charlesworth, J. H.. Jesus and the Dead Sea scrolls: the controversy resolved (New York: Doubleday, 1992).
Chauveau, M.Alexandrie et Rhakotis: le point de vue des Égyptiens’, in Alexandrie: une mégapole cosmopolite: Actes du 9ème colloque de la Villa Kérylos à Beaulieu-sur-Mer les 2 & 3 octobre 1998 (Paris: Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 1999), 1–10.
Chilton, B. and Evans, C. A.. James the just and Christian origins, NovTSup 98 (1999).
Chilton, B. Rabbi Jesus: an intimate biography (New York: Doubleday, 2000).
Chilton, B. and Evans, C. A.. The missions of James, Peter, and Paul, NovTSup 115 (2005).
Chow, J. K. Patronage and power: a study of social networks in Corinth, JSNTSup 75 (1992)
Chronicon Edessenum. Text: Chronica minora, 6 vols., Guidi, I., Brooks, E. W., Chabot, J. B. (eds.), CSCO 1–6.; Scriptores Syri, ser. 3, pt 4 (1955), vol. I.1, PP. 1–13 (Syriac), and vol. II.2, pp. 1–11 (Latin trans.).
Chrysostom, John Adversus Judaeos. Text: PG 48.
Chrysostom, John Homiliae in Johannem. Text: PG 59.
Chrysostom, John English translation: Commentary on Saint John the apostle and evangelist, 2 vols., Goggin, T. A. (trans.), FC 31, 43 (1957–60).
Chrysostom, John English translation: John Chrysostom, Discourses against Judaizing Christians, Harkins, P. W. (trans.), FC 68 (1979).
Chrysostom, John [English translation: NPNF1 9–14].
Cicero, . Text: M.Tulli Ciceronis scripta quae manseruntomnia, 28 vols., Müller, C. F., Friedrich, W. et al. (eds.), Teubner (1914–).
Cicero, . Texts and English translation: LCL, 28 vols., Hubbell, H. M., Rackham, H., Sutton, E. W. et al. (eds. and trans.) (1913–2002).
Clabeaux, J. J. A lost edition of the letters of Paul: a reassessment of the text of the Pauline corpus attested by Marcion, Catholic Biblical quarterly monograph series (Washington, DC: The Catholic Biblical Association of America) 21 (1989).
Claridge, A., Toms, J. and Cubberley, T.. Rome: an Oxford archaeological guide to Rome, Oxford archaeological guides (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).
Clark, E. A. The Origenist controversy: the cultural construction of an early Christian debate (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).
Clark-Soles, J. Scripture cannot be broken: the social function of the use of scripture in the fourth gospel (Boston: Brill, 2003).
Clarke, G. W.Christianity in Roman Africa’, <http://people.vanderbilt.edu/~james.p.burns/chroma/>.
Clarke, G. W.Some observations on the persecution of Decius’, Antichthon 3 (1969), 63–76
Clauss, M. Kaiser und Gott: Herrscherkult im römischen Reich (Stuttgart: Teubner, 1999).
,Cleanthes. Hymn to Zeus. Text: Stoicorum veterum fragmenta, 4 vols., Arnim, H. (ed.) (Leipzig: Teubner, 1903–24), vol. I.
,Cleanthes. English translation: Vogel, C. J.. Greek philosophy: a collection of texts, selected and supplied with some notes and explanations, 4th ed. (Leiden: Brill, 1973), no. 943, vol. III, 82–3.
[Clement] [See Clementina].
Clementina. Ascents of James. English translation: Voorst, Robert E., The ascents of James: history and theology of a Jewish-Christian community, SBLDS 112 (1989).
Clementina. Text: Die Pseudoklementinen, vol. I: Homilien, Rehm, B., Irmscher, J. and Strecker, G. (eds.), GCS (unnumbered), 3rd ed. corrected (1992).
Clementina. Text: Die Pseudoklementinen, vol. II: Rekognitionem, Rehm, B. and Paschke, F. (eds.), GCS 51 (1965).
Clementina.
Clementina. Epistula Petri ad Jacobum [English translation: NTApoc, vol. II].
Clementina. Homilies [English translation: ANF 8].
Clementina. Kerygma Petrou [English translation: NTApoc, vol. II].
Clementina. Recognitions [English translation: ANF 8].
Coarelli, F. The column of Trajan, Rockwell, C. (trans.) (Rome: Editore Colombo and German Archaeological Institute, 2000).
Cochrane, C. N. Christianity and Classical culture (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1940).
Cohen, S. J. D. The beginnings of Jewishness: boundaries, varieties, uncertainties (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999).
Cohen, S. J. D.Epigraphical rabbis’, Jewish quarterly review 72 (1981/2),1–17.
Cohen, S. J. D. and Frerichs, S. E. (eds.). Diasporas in antiquity, BJS 288 (1993).
Cohen, S.The rabbi in second-century Jewish society’, in The Cambridge history of Judaism, vol. III: The early Roman period, Horbury, W., Davies, W. D. and Sturdy, J. (eds.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 922–90
Coleman, K. M.Fatal charades: Roman executions staged as mythological enactments’, Journal of Roman studies 80 (1990), 44–73
Colish, M. L. The Stoic tradition from antiquity to the early middle ages, vol. I: Stoicism in Classical Latin Literature, 2nd ed. (Leiden: Brill, 1990).
Colledge, M. A. R.Art and architecture’, CAH2 , vol. XI (2000),966–83.
Collins, J. J. Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish identity in the Hellenistic diaspora, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2000).
Collins, J. J. and Sterling, G. E. (eds.). Hellenism in the land of Israel (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2001).
,Commodian. Carmina. Text: Martin, J. (ed.), CCSL 128 (1960).
Concept of our great power NHS II, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979), 291–323.
Concept of our great power [NHC VI, 4; English translation: NHL].
Concilium Carthaginense quartum habitum ab episcopis numero ducentis quatuorum, era CCCCXXXVI . Text: Concilia Africae A. 345–A. 525, Munier, C. (ed.), CCSL 149 (1974).
Congar, Y. M.-J. Tradition and traditions: an historical and a theological essay, Naseby, M. and Rainborough, T. (trans.) (London: Burns and Oates, 1966).
,Constantine. Oratio ad sanctorum coetum. Text: Eusebius, Werke, vol. I, Heikel, I. A. (ed.), GCS 7 (1902).
,Constantine. English translation: Constantine and Christendom: the Oration to the saints, the Greek and Latin accounts of the discovery of the cross, the edict of Constantine to Pope Silvester, Edwards, M. J. (trans.), TTH 39 (2003).
Conzelmann, H. Acts of the Apostles, Hermeneia (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987).
Conzelmann, H. Gentiles, Jews, Christians: polemics and apologetics in the Greco-Roman era, Boring, M. E. (trans.) (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1992).
Corcoran, S.Hidden from history: the legislation of Licinius’, in The Theodosian Code, Harries, J. and Wood, I. (eds.) (London: Routledge, 1993), 97–119
Corley, K. E. Private women, public meals: social conflict in the synoptic tradition (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1993).
Corpus inscriptionum Iudaicarum, 2 vols., Frey, J. (ed.), Sussidi allo Studio delle Antichità Cristiane (Vatican City: Pontificio istituto di archeologia cristiana, 1936–52).
Corpus papyrorum Judaicarum, 3 vols., Tcherikover, V. and Fuks, A. (eds.) (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957–64).
Cosgrove, C. H.Justin Martyr and the emerging Christian canon: observations on the purpose and destination of the Dialogue with Trypho’, Vigiliae Christianae 36 (1982), 209–32
Countryman, L. W. The mystical way in the fourth gospel: crossing over into God (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987).
Countryman, L. W. The rich Christian in the church of the early empire: contradictions and accommodations (New York: Mellen, 1980).
Crossan, J. D. Jesus: a revolutionary biography (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1994).
Crossan, J. D. The historical Jesus: the life of a Mediterranean Jewish peasant (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1991).
Crossan, J.D. and Reed, J.L.. Excavating Jesus: beneath the stones, behind the text (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2001).
Crossan, J. D. The birth of Christianity (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1998).
Crouzel, H. Origen, Worrall, A. S. (trans.) (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1989).
Cullmann, O.The plurality of the gospels as a theological problem in the ancient church’, in Cullmann, O., The early Church, Higgins, A. J. B. and Godman, S. (trans.) (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1956), 39–54.
Culpepper, R. A. John the son of Zebedee: the life of a legend (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1994).
Culpepper, R. A. (ed.). Critical Readings of John 6, BIS 22 (1997).
Cunliffe-Jones, H. and Drewery, B. (eds.). A history of Christian doctrine (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1978).
Curran, J. Pagan city and Christian capital: Rome in the fourth century (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000).
Cyr, Theodoret Historia ecclesiastica. Text: Parmentier, L. (ed.), 3rd ed., GCS n.s. 5 (1998).
Cyr, Theodoret [English translation: NPNF2 3].
Cyzicus, Gelasius. Historia ecclesiastica.Text: Anonyme Kirchengeschichte (Gelasius Cyzicenus), Hansen, G. C. (ed.), GCS n.s. 9 (2002).
Dahl, N. A.The particularity of the Pauline epistles as a problem in the ancient church’, in Neotestamentica et Patristica: eine Freundesgabe, Herrn Professor Dr. Oscar Cullmann, zu seinem 60. Geburtstag überreicht, NovTSup 6 (1962), 261–71; repr. in Dahl, N. A., Studies in Ephesians: introductory questions, text- and edition-critical issues, interpretation of texts and themes, Hellholm, D., Blomkvist, V. and Fornberg, T. (eds.), WUNT 131 (2000), 165–78.
Dahl, N. A.The crucified Messiah’, in Jesus the Christ: the historical origins of christological doctrine, Juel, D. H. (ed.) (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1991), 27–47
Dahl, N. A.The origin of baptism’, in Interpretationes ad Vetus Testamentum pertinentes Sigmundo Mowinckel septuagenario missae, Dahl, N. A. and Kapelrud, A. S. (eds.) (Oslo: Land og kirke, 1955), 36–52
Dahl, N. A.The origin of the earliest prologues to the Pauline letters’, Semeia 12 (1978), 233–77
Daly-Denton, M. David in the fourth gospel: the Johannine reception of the Psalms, AGJU 47 (2000).
Daniélou, J. The theology of Jewish Christianity, Baker, J. A. (trans.), Development of Christian doctrine before the Council of Nicaea I (London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 1964).
Daniélou, J. Origen, Mitchell, W. (trans.) (New York: Sheed & Ward, 1955).
Danker, F. W. Benefactor: epigraphic studies of a Graeco-Roman and New Testament semantic field (St. Louis, MO: Clayton, 1982).
Dassmann, E. Der Stachel im Fleisch: Paulus in der frühchristlichen Literatur bis Irenäus (Munster:Aschendorff, 1979).
Daube, D.Rabbinic methods of interpretation and Hellenistic rhetoric’, Hebrew Union College annual 22 (1949), 239–64.
Davies, S. L. Jesus the healer: possession, trance, and the origins of Christianity (New York: Continuum, 1995).
Davies, W. D. and Allison, D. C. Jr. A critical and exegetical commentary on the gospel according to Matthew, 3 vols., ICC (1988–97).
Davies, J. G.Condemnation to the mines: a neglected chapter in the history of the persecutions’, University of Birmingham historical journal 6 (1958), 99–107
Davies, J. G. The architectural setting of baptism (London: Barrie and Rockliff, 1962).
Davis, S. J. The cult of Saint Thecla: a tradition of women’s piety in late antiquity, OECS (2001).
Dawson, J. D. Christian figural reading and the fashioning of identity (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002).
Dawson, D. Allegorical readers and cultural revision in ancient Alexandria (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).
de Boer, M. C. Johannine perspectives on the death of Jesus, Contributions to biblical exegesis and theology 17 (Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1996).
de Boer, M. C.The Nazoreans: living at the boundary of Judaism and Christianity’, in Tolerance and intolerance in early Judaism and Christianity, Stanton, G. N. and Stroumsa, G. G. (eds.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998),239–62.
De Conick, A. D. Seek to see him: ascent and vision mysticism in the gospel of Thomas, VCSup 33 (1996).
De Riedmatten, H. Les actes du procès de Paul de Samosate: étude sur la christologie du IIIe au IVe siècle (Fribourg en Suisse: Editions St Paul, 1952).
de Ste Croix, G. E. M.Why were the early Christians persecuted?Past and present 26 (1963), 6–38
,Dead Sea scrolls. Qumran Cave I , Bartholémy, D. and Milik, J. T. (eds.), DJD 1 (1955).
,Dead Sea scrolls. Text and English translation: The Dead Sea scrolls study edition, 2 vols., Martínez, F. García and Tigchelaar, E. J. C. (eds.) (Leiden: Brill, 2000).
Dehandschutter, B.The Martyrium Polycarpi: a century of research’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (Berlin: De Gruyter) 11.27.1 (1993), 485–522.
Deissmann, A. Light from the ancient east: the New Testament illustrated by recently discovered texts of the Graeco-Roman world, Strachan, L. R. M. (trans.) (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1910).
Delatte, L. Les traités de la royauté d’Ecphante, Diotogéne et Sthénidas, Bibliothèque de la faculté de philosophie et lettres de l’Université de Liége, fasc. XCVII (Paris: Droz, 1942).
,[Demetrius]. On style, Innes, D. C. (trans.), in Aristotle, vol. XXIII, LCL (1995).
Denaux, A. (ed.). John and the Synoptics, BETL 101 (1992).
Denzey, N.What did the Montanists read?’, Harvard theological review 94 (2001), 427–48
Des Places, E.Platonisme moyen et apologétique chrétienne au ii e siècle ap. J.-C.: Numénius, Atticus, Justin’, in Studia patristica xv: papers presented to the seventh international conference on patristic studies held in Oxford, 1975, Livingstone, E. A. (ed.), TU 128 (1984), 432–41
Desjardins, M.Bauer and beyond: on recent scholarly discussions of hairesis in the early Christian era’, SecCent 8 (1991), 65–82
Diaconus, Pontianus. Vita Caecilii Cypriani. Text: Cypriani opera omnia, Hartel, W. (ed.), CSEL 3.3 (1871).
Dialogue of the savior NHS 26, Emmel, S. (ed.) (1984), 37–95.
Dialogue of the savior [NHC III, 5; English translation: NHL, NTApoc, vol. I].
Dibelius, M. James, rev. by Greeven, H., Williams, M. A. (trans.), Hermeneia (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1976).
Didache [See Apostolic fathers].
Didascalia Apostolorum. English translation: Didascalia apostolorum: the Syriac version translated and accompanied by the Verona Latin fragments, with an introduction and notes, Connolly, R. H. (trans.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1929, repr. 1969).
Didascalia Apostolorum. Latin text: Didascalia et Constitutiones apostolorum, 2 vols., Funk, F. X. (ed.) (Turin: Bottega d’Erasmo, 1962).
Didascalia Apostolorum. Latin text: Didascaliae apostolorum; Canonum ecclesiasticorum; Traditionis apostolicae versiones Latinae, Tidner, E. (ed.), TU 75 (5th ser., vol. XIX) (Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1963).
Didascalia Apostolorum. Syriac text and English translation: The Didascalia apostolorumin Syriac, Vööbus, A. (ed. and trans.), CSCO, 401–2, 407–8, Scriptores Syri, vols. 175–6, 179–80 (Louvain: Secrétariat du Corpus SCO, 1979).
Dieterich, A. Die Grabschrift des Aberkios (Leipzig: Teubner, 1896).
Digeser, E. D.Lactantius, Porphyry and the debate over religious toleration’, Journal of Roman studies 88 (1998), 129–46
Digeser, E. D. The making of a Christian empire: Lactantius and Rome (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2000).
Dignas, B. Economy and the sacred in Hellenistic and Roman Asia Minor (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002).
Dihle, A. Greek and Latin literature of the Roman empire: from Augustus to Justinian, Malzahn, M. (trans.) (London: Routledge, 1994).
Dihle, A. The theory of will in classical antiquity, Sather classical lectures 48 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982).
Dillon, J. M. The Middle Platonists, 80 b.c. to a.d. 220, rev. ed. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996).
Dillon, J.Monotheism in gnostic tradition’, in Pagan monotheism in late antiquity, Athanassiadi, P. and Frede, M. (eds.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999), 69–79
,Dio Cassius. Text and English translation: Dio Cassius: Roman History, LCL, 9 vols., Cary, E. (ed. and trans.) (1914–27).
,Dio Chrysostom. Text and English translation: Dio Chrysostom, LCL, 5 vols., Cohoon, J.W. and Crosby, H. L. (eds. and trans.) (1932–51).
,Diodorus Siculus. Text and English translation: Diodorus Siculus, LCL, 12 vols., Oldfather, C. H., Sherman, C. L., Bradford Welles, C., Geer, R. M. and Walton, F. R. (eds. and trans.) (1933–67).
,Diogenes Laertius. English translation: St Dionysius of Alexandria: letters and treatises, Feltoe, C. L. (trans.), TCL ser. 1 (1918).
,Diogenes Laertius. Text and English translation: Diogenes Laertes, Lives of eminent philosophers, LCL, 2 vols., Hicks, R. D. (ed. and trans.) (1925).
,Diogenes Laertius. Text and German trans.: Diogenes Laertius, Leben und Meinungen berühmter Philosophen, 2 vols., Apelt, O. and Reich, K. (eds. and trans.), Philosophische Bibliothek 53–4 (Hamburg: Meiner, 1998).
,Diogenes Laertius. Text: Diogenis Laertii vitae philosophorum, 3 vols., Marcovich, M. (ed.), Teubner (1999).
Diognetus, Epistle to [See Apostolic fathers].
,Dionysius bar Salibi, Commentari in Apocalypsim. Latin and Syriac texts: In Apocalypsim, Actus et Epistulas catholicas, Sedlácek, Jaroslav (ed.), 2 vols. in I, CSCO 53, 60; Scriptores Syri ser. 2, vol. CI (Paris: Typographeus Reipublicae, 1909–10).
,Dionysius bar Salibi, Commentari in Apocalypsim.
,Dionysius of Alexandria. Text: The letters and other remains of Dionysius of Alexandria, Feltoe, C. L. (ed.), Cambridge patristic texts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1904).
,Dioscurides Pedianus. Text: De materia medica libri quinque, 3 vols., Wellmann, M. (ed.), (Berlin: Weidmann, 1906–14).
Discourse on the eighth and ninth NHS II, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979), 341–73.
Discourse on the eighth and ninth [NHC vi, 6; English translation: NHL].
Dixon, S. The Roman mother (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1988).
Dodd, C. H. Parables of the Kingdom (London: Nisbet, 1935).
Dodd, C. H. The interpretation of the fourth gospel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1953, 1968).
Dodd, C. H. The apostolic preaching and its developments (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1936).
Dodds, E. R. Pagan and Christian in an age of anxiety (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965).
Donaldson, T. L. Paul and the Gentiles: remapping the apostle’s convictional world (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1997).
Donfried, K. P. The Romans debate: revised and expanded version (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1991).
Donovan, M. A. One right reading? A guide to Irenaeus (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1977).
Doran, R.The Jewish Hellenistic historians before Josephus’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (Berlin: De Gruyter) II.20.1 (1987),249–97.
Doran, R.The martyrdom of Habbib the deacon’, in Religions of late antiquity in practice, Valantasis, R. (ed.) (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), 413–23
Dorival, G.Les débuts du christianisme à Alexandrie’, in Alexandrie: Une mégapole cosmopolite: Actes du 9ème colloque de la Villa Kérylos à Beaulieu-sur-Mer les 2 & 3 octobre 1998 (Paris: Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 1999), 157–74.
Dörries, H. Constantine and religious liberty (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1960).
Dossetti, G. L. Il Simbolo di Nicea e di Constantinopoli: edizione critica, ricerca condotta col contributo del Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Testi e ricerche di scienze religiose 2 (Rome: Herder, 1967).
Doutreleau, L.Irénée de Lyon (saint). I. Vie. II. Oeuvres’, in Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique, doctrine et histoire, Viller, M., Baumgartner, C. and Rayez, A. (eds.), 17 vols. (Paris: Beauchesne, 1932–7), fasc. L–LX., 1923–38
Downey, G. A history of Antioch in Syria from Seleucus to the Arab conquest (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961).
Downing, F. G. Christ and the Cynics (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1988).
Drake, H. A.Eusebius on the true crossJournal of ecclesiastical history 36 (1985), 1–22
Drake, H. A. Constantine and the bishops: the politics of intolerance (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000).
Drake, H. A. In praise of Constantine (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976).
Drake, H. A.Lambs into lions: explaining early Christian intolerance’, Past and present 153 (1996), 3–36
Draper, J. A.Torah and troublesome apostles in the Didache community’, in Draper, J. A. (ed.), The Didache in modern research, AGJU 37 (1996),340–63.
Drijvers, J. W. Helena Augusta: the mother of Constantine the Great and the legend of her finding of the true cross (Leiden: Brill, 1992).
Drijvers, H. J.W.Marcionism in Syria: principles, problems, polemics’, SecCent 6 (1987–8), 153–72
Drijvers, J. W. and Watt, J. W. (eds.). Portraits of spiritual authority: religious power in early Christianity, Byzantium and the Christian orient, RGRW 137 (1999)
Drijvers, H. J.W. Bardaisan of Edessa (Assen: Van Gorcum, 1966).
Drijvers, H. J.W. Cults and beliefs at Edessa, EPRO 82 (1980).
Drijvers, H. J.W. East of Antioch: studies in early Syriac Christianity (London: Variorum, Reprints, 1984).
Droge, A. J. Homer or Moses? Early Christian interpretations of the history of culture, HUT 26 (1989).
Droge, A. J.Apologetics, NT’, Anchor Bible dictionary, 6 vols., Freedman, D. N. (ed.) (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. I, 302–7
Droge, A. J.Josephus between Greeks and barbarians’, in JosephusContra Apionem: studies in its character and context , Feldman, L. H. and Levison, J. R. (eds.), AGJU 34 (1996), 115–42
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Egerton gospel [Egerton papyrus 2; English translation: NTApoc, vol. i].
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Ephrem, . St Ephraim’s prose refutations of Mani, Marcion, and Bardaisan, 2 vols., Mitchell, C. W., Bevan, A. A. and Burkitt, F. C. (eds. and trans.) (London: Williams and Norgate, 1912).
Epictetus, . Text and English translation: Epictetus, LCL, 2 vols., Oldfather, W. A. (ed. and trans.) (1925–8).
Epiphanius, . Panarion (Adversus haereses). Text: Epiphanius I–III, Holl, K. and Dummer, J. (eds.), 2nd ed., GCS 25, 31, 37 (1980–5).
Epiphanius, . Text and English translation: The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, 2 vols., Williams, F. (trans.), NHS 35–6 (1987–94).
Epistula apostolorum [English translation: NTApoc, vol. I; Elliott, Apocryphal New Testament]. Text and French trans.: L’ Épître des apôtres, accompagnée du Testament de notre Seigneur et notre saveur Jésus-Christ, Pérès, J. N. (ed. and trans.), Apocryphes 5 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1994).
Epistula apostolorum [English translation: NTApoc, vol. I; Elliott, Apocryphal New Testament]. Text: Gespräche Jesu mit seinen Jüngern nach der Auferstehung, Schmidt, C. (ed.), Wajnberg, I. (trans.), TU 43 (1913).
Epistula apostolorum [English translation: NTApoc, vol. I; Elliott, Apocryphal New Testament].
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Eugnostos the Blessed [NHC II, 6; English translation: NHL].
Euphemia and the Goth with the Acts of martyrdom of the confessors of Edessa, Shmona, Guria, and Habib, Burkitt, F. C. (ed. and trans.), Text and Translation Society Publications (London: Williams and Norgate, 1913).
Euphemia and the Goth with the Acts of martyrdom of the confessors of Edessa, Shmona, Guria, and Habib, NHS 27, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1991).
Eusebius, , English translation: Eusebius, Life of Constantine: introduction, translation, and commentary, Cameron, Averil and Hall, S. G. (eds. and trans.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999).
,Eusebius English translation: Eusebius, The proof of the gospel, 2 vols., Ferrar, W. J. (trans.), TCL ser. 1 (1920).
,Eusebius Text and Italian trans.: Dimostrazione evangelica, Carrara, P. (ed. and trans.), Letture cristiane del primo millennio 29 (Milan: Paoline, 2000).
,Eusebius Texts: Eusebius Werke, 9 vols., Heikel, I. A., Schwartz, E., Klostermann, E. et al. (eds. and trans.), GCS 7, 9, 11, 14, 20, 23–4, 34, 43, 47, n.s. 6.1 (1902–75).
,Eusebius [English translation: NPNF2 1].
,Eusebius. De ecclesiastica theologia and Contra Marcellum. Text: Eusebius Werke, vol. IV: Gegen Marcell; Über die kirchlichen Theologie, Klostermann, E. (ed.), Hansen, G. C. (rev.), GCS 14 (1972).
,Eusebius. De vita Constantini. Text: Eusebius Werke, vol. I, Winkelmann, F. (ed.), GCS 1 (1975, rev. 1992).
,Eusebius. Demonstratio evangelica. Text: Eusebius Werke, vol. VI: Die Demonstratio evangelica, Heikel, I. A. (ed.), GCS 23 (1913).
,Eusebius. Historia ecclesiastica. Text and French trans.: Histoire ecclésiastique, rev. and corr. ed., Schwartz, E. (ed.), Bardy, G. (trans.), SC 31, 41, 55, 73 (2001–).
,Eusebius. Laus Constantini. Text: Heikel, I. A. (ed.), GCS 7 (1902).
,Eusebius. Praeparatio evangelica. Text and French trans.: Eusebius: la Préparation évangélique, livre VII, Schroeder, G. and des Places, E. (eds. and trans.), SC 215 (1975).
,Eusebius. English translation: Ecclesiastical history, Deferrari, R. J. (trans.), FC 19, 29 (1953–6).
,Eusebius. English translation: Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea: the Ecclesiastical history and the Martyrs of Palestine, Lawlor, H. J. and Oulton, J. E. L. (trans.) (London: SPCK, 1927).
,Eusebius. English translation: The history of the church from Christ to Constantine, Williamson, G. A. (trans.) and Louth, Andrew (rev.) (London: Penguin, 1989).
,Eusebius. Text and English translation: Eusebius, Praeparatio evangelica, 5 vols., Gifford, E. H. (ed.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1903).
,Eusebius. Text and English translation: Eusebius: The ecclesiastical history, LCL, 2 vols., Lake, K., Oulton, J. E. L. and Lawlor, H. J. (trans.) (1926–32).
Eutropius, . Breviarium ab urbe condita. Text: Ruehl, F. (ed.), Teubner (1975).
Eutropius, . English translation: The Breviarum ab urbe condita of Eutropius, Bird, H. W. (trans.), TTH 14 (1993).
Eutychius, . Annales. Text: PG 111.
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Exegesis on the soul [NHC 11, 6; English translation: NHL].
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Felix, Minucius. Octavius. Text: M. Minuci Felicis Octavius, Kytzler, B. (ed.), Teubner (1982).
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(First) Apocalypse of James [NHC V, 3; English translation: NHL].
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Hübner, R.M. and Vinzent, M.. Der Paradox Eine: antignostischer Monarchianismus im zweiten Jahrhundert, VCSup 50 (1999).
Hübner, R. M.Die antignostische Glaubensregel des Noët von Smyrna (Hippolyt Refutatio IX, 10, 9–12 und X, 27, 1–2) bei Ignatius, Irenaeus und Tertullian’, Münchener theologische Zeitschrift 40 (1989), 279–311
Hübner, R. M.Die Anfänge von Diakonat, Presbyterat und Episkopat in der frühen Kirche’, in Das Priestertum in der Einen Kirche: Diakonat, Presbyterat und Episkopat, Rauch, A. and Imhof, P. (eds.), Koinonia 4 (Aschaffenburg: Kaffke-Verlag, 1986), 45–89.
Hunt, E. D. Holy Land pilgrimage in the later Roman empire, ad 312–460 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982).
Hunt, E. J. Christianity in the second century: the case of Tatian (London: Routledge, 2003).
Hurtado, L. W.The earliest evidence of an emerging Christian material and visual culture: the codex, the nomina sacra and the staurogram’ in Text and artifact in the religions of Mediterranean antiquity: essays in honour of Peter Richardson, Wilson, S. G. and Desjardins, M. (eds.) (Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2000), 271–88.
Hurtado, L. W.The origin of the nomina sacra: a proposal’, Journal of biblical literature 117 (1998), 655–73.
Hurtado, L. W. Lord Jesus Christ: devotion to Jesus in earliest Christianity (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003).
Huskinson, J. (ed.). Experiencing Rome: culture, identity and power in the Roman empire (London: Routledge, 2000).
Hyldahl, N. Philosophie und Christentum: eine Interpretation der Einleitung zum Dialog Justins, ATD 9 (1966).
Hypostasis of the Archons NHS 20–1, Layton, B. (ed.) (1989), 1. 220–59.
Hypostasis of the Archons [NHC 11, 4; English translation: NHL].
Hypsiphrone NHS 28, Hedrick, C. W. (ed.) (1990), 269–79.
Hypsiphrone [NHC XI, 4; English translation: NHL].
Hyvärinen, K. Die Übersetzung von Aquila, ConBOT 10 (1977)
Inscriptiones Graecae, 14 Vols. (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1913–).
Inscriptiones Graecae urbis Romae, Moretti, L. (ed.). Studi pubblicati dall’ Istituto Italiano per la storia antica 17 (Rome, 1968–).
Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae veteres, 3 vols., Diehl, E., Moreau, J., and Marrou, H. I. (eds.), 4th ed. (Berlin: Weidmann, 1925–85).
Inscriptiones Latinae selectae, 3 vols., Dessau, H. (ed.), 3rd ed. (Berlin: Weidmann, 1962).
Interpretation of Knowledge NHS 28, Hedrick, C. W. (ed.) (1990), 21–88.
Interpretation of Knowledge [NHC XI, I; English translation: NHL].
Irenaeus, Adversus haereses. Text and French trans.: Irénée de Lyon, Contre les hérésies, Rousseau, A. and Doutreleau, L. (eds. and trans.), SC 100, 152–3, 210–11, 263–4, 293–4 (1969–82).
Irenaeus, Epideixis tou apostolikou kērygmatos. Text and French trans.: Irénée de Lyon: Demonstration de la prédication apostolique, Rousseau, A. (ed. and trans.), SC 406 (1995).
Irenaeus, Fragmenta. Text and German trans.: Fragmente vornicänischer Kirchenväter aus den Sacra Parallela, Holl, K. (ed. and trans.), TU 20.2 (1899).
Irenaeus, Armenian text and English and French trans.: Epideixis tou apostolikou kērygmatos = The proof of the apostolic preaching, with seven fragments, Mekerttschian, K., Wilson, S. G., Max, , , Prince Saxony, Barthoulot, J. and Tixeront, J. (eds. and trans.), PO 12. 5 (1919; repr. 1989).
Irenaeus, Armenian text and German trans.: Des heiligen Irenäus Schrift zum Erweise der apostolischen Verkündigung, Ter-Mekerttschian, K. und Ter-Minassiantz, E. (eds. and trans.), TU 31. 1 (1907).
Irenaeus, Armenian text: Irenäus, Gegen die Häretiker, Ter-Mekerttschian, K. and Ter-Minassiantz, E. (eds.), TU 35.2 (1910).
Irenaeus, English translation: Five books of St. Irenaeus, bishop of Lyons, Against heresies, Keble, J. (trans.) (Oxford: J. Parker, 1872).
Irenaeus, English translation: Irenaeus’ Demonstration of the apostolic preaching: a theological commentary and translation, MacKenzie, I. M. (trans.) (Aldershot, Hants: Ashgate, 2002).
Irenaeus, English translation: On the apostolic preaching, Behr, J. (trans.) (Crestwood, NY: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1997).
Irenaeus, English translation: Proof of the apostolic preaching, Smith, J. P. (trans.), ACW 16 (1952).
Irenaeus, English translation: St Irenaeus of Lyons Against the heresies, Unger, D. J. (trans.), Dillon, J. J. (rev.), ACW 55 (1992).
Irenaeus, English translation: The demonstration of the apostolic preaching, Robinson, J. A. (trans.), TCL ser. 4 (1920).
Irenaeus, Partial English translation: Irenaeus of Lyons: Against heresies, Grant, R. M. (trans.), Early church fathers (London: Routledge, 1997).
Irenaeus, Text and German trans.: Armenische Irenaeusfragmente, Jordan, H. (ed. and trans.), TU 36.3 (1913).
Irenaeus, Text and Latin trans.: Libros quinque adversus haereses, 2 vols., Harvey, W. W. (ed.) (Cambridge: Typis Academicus, 1857).
Irenaeus, [English translation: ANF 1].
Isaac, B. H. The invention of racism in Classical antiquity (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).
Isaac, B. H.Roman religious policy and the Bar Kokhba war’, in The Bar Kokhba war reconsidered: new perspectives on the second Jewish revolt against Rome, Schäfer, P. (ed.), TSAJ 100 (2003),36–54.
Jakab, A. Ecclesia alexandrina: evolution sociale et institutionnelle du christianisme alexandrin (IIe et IIIe siècles) (Bern: Lang, 2001).
James, M. R. (ed. and trans.). The Apocryphal New Testament (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1955).
Jannes and Jambres [English translation: OTP, vol. II].
Jaschke, H.-J. Der Heilige Geist im Bekenntnis der Kirche: eine Studie zur Pneumatologie des Irenäus von Lyon im Ausgang vom altchristlichen Glaubensbekenntnis, MBT 40 (1976).
Jeffers, J. S. Conflict at Rome: social order and hierarchy in early Christianity (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1991).
Jefford, C. N. (ed.). The Didache in context: essays on its text, history and transmission, NovTSup 77 (1995).
Jensen, R. M.Art’, in The early Christian world, 2 vols., Esler, P. F. (ed.) (London: Routledge, 2000), vol. 11, 747–72.
Jensen, R. M.The Dura Europos synagogue, early Christian art, and religious life in Dura Europos’, in Jews, Christians, and polytheists in the ancient synagogue, Fine, S. (ed.) (London: Routledge, 1999), 174–89
Jensen, R. M.. Face to face: portraits of the divine in early Christianity (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2005).
Jensen, R. M.. Living water: the images, symbols, and settings of early Christian baptism (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
Jensen, R. M.. Understanding early Christian art (London: Routledge, 2000).
Jeremias, J. Jerusalem in the time of Jesus (London: SCM Press, 1969).
Jerome, Chronicon. Text: Chronik des Hieronymus, Helm, R. (ed.), GCS 47.
Jerome, Commentariorum in Amos [English translation: NPNF2 6].
Jerome, Commentariorum in Epistulam ad Galatas [English translation: NPNF2 6].
Jerome, Commentariorum in Ezechielem [English translation: NPNF2 6].
Jerome, Commentariorum in Habacuc [English translation: NPNF2 6]
Jerome, Commentariorum in Isaiam [English translation: NPNF2 6]
Jerome, Commentariorum in Jeremiam [English translation: NPNF2 6].
Jerome, Commentariorum in Matthaeum [English translation: NPNF2 6].
Jerome, De viris illustribus [English translation: NPNF2 3].
Jerome, Epistulae. Text: Hieronymus, Epistulae, 3 vols., Hilberg, I. (ed.), CSEL 54–6, 2nd ed. (1996).
Jerome, Onomasticon. Text in Eusebius, Werke, vol. III, pt 1, Das Onomastikon der biblischen Ortsnamen, Klostermann, E. (ed.), GCS 11.1 (1904).
Jerome, S. Hieronymi presbyteri opera, pt I: Opera exegetica, vol. VI, Commentarii in prophetas minores, Adriaen, M. and Vallarsi, D. (eds.), CCSL 76 (1969).
Jerome, Sancti Eusebii Hieronymi in Hieremiam prophetam libri VI, Reiter, S. (ed.). CSEL 59 (1913).
Jerome, English translation: The Letters of Saint Jerome, Mierow, C. C. and Lawler, T. C. (eds. and trans.), ACW 33 (1963).
Jerome, Text: Hieronymi De viris inlustribus liber: accedit Gennadii Catalogus virorum inlustrium, Herding, G. (ed.), Teubner (1924).
Jerome, Text: Hieronymus liber De viris inlustribus: Gennadius liber De viris inlustribus. Richardson, E. C. (ed.), TU 14.la (1896).
Jerome, Text: S. Hieronymi presbyteri opera, pt I: Opera exegetica, vol. II, Commentariorum in Esaiam libri I–XI, Adriaen, M. (ed.), CCSL 73 (1963).
Jerome, Text: S. Hieronymi presbyteri opera, pt I: Opera exegetica, vol. IIA, Commentariorum in Esaiam libri XII–XVIII in Esaia parvula adbreviatio, Adriaen, M. (ed.), CCSL 73A (1963).
Jerome, Text: S. Hieronymi presbyteri opera, pt I: Opera exegetica, vol. III, In Hieremiam libri VI, Reiter, S. (ed.), CCSL 74 (1960).
Jerome, Text: S. Hieronymi presbyteri opera, pt I: Opera exegetica, vol. IV, Commentarii in Hiezechielem libri XIV, Glorie, F. (ed.), CCSL 75 (1964).
Jerome, Text: S. Hieronymi presbyteri opera, pt I: Opera exegetica, vol. VI, Commentarii in prophetas minores, Adriaen, M. and Vallarsi, D. (eds.), CCSL 76A (1970).
Jerome, Text: S. Hieronymi presbyteri opera, pt I: Opera exegetica, vol. VII, Commentarii in Mattheum libri IV, Hurst, D. and Adriaen, M. (eds.), CCSL 77 (1969).
Jerome, Text: PL 26. 307–438.
Jerome, [Text in PL 22–30; PLS, vol. II, 18–328; English translation: NPNF2 6].
Jerusalem, Cyril. ‘Epistula ad Constantium imperatorem’, in Bihain, E., ‘L’épître de Cyrille de Jérusalem à Constance sur la vision de la croix’, Byzantion 43 (1973), 286–91.
Jerusalem, Cyril. Catechesis Mystagogicae Text and French trans.: Catéchèses mystagogicae. Piédagnel, A. and Paris, P. (eds. and trans.), SC 126 (1966).
Jerusalem, Cyril. English translation: The works of Saint Cyril of Jerusalem, 2 vols., McCauley, L. P. and Stephenson, A. A. (trans.), FC 61, 64 (1969–70).
Jerusalem, Cyril. Text: Cyrilli Hierosolymorum archiepiscopi opera quae supersunt omnia, 2 vols., Reischl, W. C. and Rupp, J. (eds.) (Munich: Lentner, 1848–60; repr. Hildesheim: Olms, 1967).
Jerusalem, Cyril. [English translation: NPNF 2 7].
Jervell, J. Luke and the people of God: a new look at Luke-Acts (Minneapolis: Augsburg 1972).
Jervell, J. The theology of the Acts of the Apostles (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Johnson, L. T. The Letter of James: a new translation with introduction and commentary, AB 37A (1995).
Johnson, L. T.Luke-Acts, book of’, Anchor Bible dictionary, 6 vols., Freedman, D. N. (ed.) (New York: Doubleday, 1992) vol. IV,403–20.
Jonas, H. The Gnostic religion: the message of the alien god and the beginnings of Christianity, 3rd ed. (Boston: Beacon Press, 2001).
Jones, A. H. M. The cities of the eastern Roman provinces, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971).
Jones, D. L., ‘Christianity and the Roman imperial cult’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (Berlin: De Gruyter) 11.23.2 (1980), 1023–54.
Jones, S. and Pearce, S. (eds). Jewish local patriotism and self-identification in the Graeco-Roman period, JSPSup 31 (1998).
Jones, F. S.The Pseudo-Clementines: a history of research’, SecCent 2 (1982)
Jones, F. S. An ancient Jewish Christian source on the history of Christianity: Pseudo-Clementine recognitions 1. 27–71 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995).
Jones, A. H. M. The later Roman empire, 284–602: a social, economic and administrative survey, 2 vols. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986, orig. 1964).
Jones, A. H. M. and Skeat, T. C.. ‘Notes on the genuineness of the Constantinian documents in EusebiusLife of Constantine’, JEH 5 (1954), 196–200
Jonkers, E. Acta et symbola conciliorumquae quarto saeculo habita sunt, Textus minores in usum academicum 19 (Leiden: Brill, 1954).
Joppich, G. Salus carnis: eine Untersuchung in der Theologie des hl. Irenäus von Lyon, Münsterschwarzacher Studien 1 (Münsterschwarzach: Vier-Türme-Verlag, 1965).
Josephus, . De bello Iudaico. Text: Der jüdische Krieg, 3 vols., Michel, O. and Bauernfeind, O. (eds. and trans.) (Munich: Kösel, 1959–69).
Josephus, . Vita. English translation: Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary, Mason, S. (ed.) (Leiden: Brill, 2000).
Josephus, . Text and English translation: Josephus, LCL, 10 vols., Thackeray, H. St. J., Marcus, R., Wikgren, A. and Feldman, L. H. (eds. and trans.) (1926–65).
Josephus, . Texts: Opera, 7 vols., Niese, B. (ed.) (Berlin: Weidmann, 1955).
Judge, E. A.The earliest use of monachos for “Monk” (P. Coll. Youtie 77) and the origins of monasticism’, Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum 20 (1977), 47–71.
Judge, E. A. and Pickering, S. R.. ‘Papyrus documentation of church and community in Egypt to the mid-fourth century’, Jahrbuch für Antike und Christentum 20 (1977).
Julian, . Text and English translation: Julian, LCL, 3 vols., Wright, W. C. (ed. and trans.) (1913–23).
Junod, E. and Kaestli, J.-D.. Acta Iohannis, 2 vols., CCSA 1–2 (1983).
[Justin], . Text: Pseudo-Justinus: Cohortatio ad Graecos, De monarchia, Oratio ad Graecos, Marcovich, M. (ed.), PTS 32 (1990).
Justin, 1–2 Apologia. Text: Iustini Martyris apologiae pro Christianis, Marcovich, M. (ed.), PTS 38 (1994).
Justin, Dialogus cum Tryphone. Text: Marcovich, M. (ed.), PTS 47 (1997).
Justin, English translation: Dialogue with Trypho, Falls, T. B. (trans), Halton, T. P. and Slusser, M. (eds.), FC 3 (2003).
Justin, English translation: Early Christian fathers, Richardson, C. C., Fairweather, E. R., Hardy, E. R. and Shepherd, M. H. (eds. and trans.), LCC 1 (1970).
Justin, English translation: Saint Justin Martyr: the first Apology, the second Apology, Dialogue with Trypho, Exhortation to the Greeks, Discourse to the Greeks, The monarchy or the rule of God, Falls, T. B. (trans.), FC 6 (1977).
Justin, English translation: The first and second Apologies: translated with introduction and notes, Barnard, L. W. (ed. and trans.), ACW 56 (1997).
Justin, Text: Goodspeed, Die ältesten Apologeten.
Justin, [English translation: ANF I].
Juvenal, . Text and English translation: Juvenal and Persius, LCL, Ramsay, G. G. (ed. and trans.) (1918).
Kaestli, J.-D., Poffet, J.-M. and Zumstein, J. (eds.). La communauté johannique et son histoire: la trajectoire de l’évangile de Jean aux deux premiers siàcles (Geneva: Labor et Fides, 1990).
Kangaraj, J. J.Mysticism’ in the gospel of John: an inquiry into its background, JSNTSup 158 (1998).
Kannengiesser, C.Arius and the Arians’, ThSt 44 (1983), 456–75
Käsemann, E. The testament of Jesus: a study of the gospel of John in the light of chapter 17, Krodel, G. (trans.), New Testament library (London: SCM Press, 1968).
Käsemann, E.Epheserbrief’, RGG3 2 (1958),517–20.
Kasher, A. The Jews in Hellenistic and Roman Egypt: the struggle for equal rights, rev. ed., TSAJ 7 (1985).
Kaster, R. A. Guardians of language: the grammarian and society in late antiquity, TCH 11 (1988).
Kelly, J. N. D. Early Christian creeds, 3rd ed. (London: Longman, 1972).
Kelly, J. N. D. Early Christian doctrines, 5th rev. ed. (London: A. & C. Black, 1985).
Kemp, E. W.Bishops and presbyters at Alexandria’, Journal of ecclesiastical history 6 (1955), 125–42.
Kent, J. H. Inscriptions 1926–1950, Corinth: Results of excavations conducted by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens 8/3 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966).
Kerényi, C. Eleusis: Archetypal image of mother and daughter, Manheim, R. (trans.) (New York: Schocken, 1977).
Kerschensteiner, J. Der altsyrische Paulustext, CCSO 315 (1970).
Kerygma Petri Text and French trans.: Kerygma Petri: textus et commentarius, Cambe, M. (ed. and trans.), CCSA 15 (2003).
Kerygma Petri [English translation: NTApoc, vol. II].
Kerygmata Petrou [English translation: NTApoc, vol. II].
Kiley, M. C. et al. (eds). Prayer from Alexander to Constantine: a critical anthology (London: Routledge, 1997).
Kimelman, R. Birkat ha-minim and the lack of evidence for an anti-Christian Jewish prayer in late antiquity’, in Jewish and Christian self-definition, vol. II: Aspects of Judaism in the Graeco-Roman period, Sanders, E. P., Baumgarten, A. I. and Mendelson, A. (eds.) (Philadelphia: Fortress 1981)226–44.
King, K. L. What is Gnosticism? (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2003).
King, K. L. Revelation of the unknowable God, California Classical library (Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge, 1995).
King, N.Church-State relations’, in Early Christianity: origins and evolution to ad: in honour of W. H. C. Frend, Hazlett, I. (ed.) (London: SPCK, 1991), 244–55
Kinzig, W.Kaine diatheke: the title of the New Testament in the second and third centuries’, Journal of theological studies 45 (1994), 519–44
Kinzig, W. and Vinzent, M.. ‘Recent research on the origin of the Creed’, Journal of theological studies 50 (1999), 534–59
Kittel, B. The hymns of Qumran, SBLDS (1981).
Klauck, H.-J. Hausgemeinde und Hauskirche im frühen Christentum, SBS 103 (1981).
Klauck, H.-J. Magic and paganism in early Christianity (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2000).
Klauck, H.-J. The religious context of early Christianity: a guide to Graeco-Roman religions, McNeil, B. (trans.), Studies of the New Testament and its world (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2000).
Klauck, H.-J. Herrenmahl und hellenistischer Kult: eine religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchung zum ersten Korintherbrief, NTAbh (1982).
Klauck, H.-J. Die antike Briefliteratur und das Neue Testament: ein Lehr- und Arbeitsbuch, Uni Taschenbücher 2022 (Paderborn: Schöningh, 1998).
Klauck, H.-J. Apocryphal gospels: an introduction, McNeil, B. (trans.) (London: T&T Clark, 2003).
Klauser, Th. and Strathmann, H.. ‘Aberkios’, Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum: Sachwörterbuch zur Auseinandersetzung des Christentums mit der antiken Welt (Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1950–) I (1950), cols.
Klausner, J. Jesus of Nazareth, Danby, H. (trans.) (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1925).
Klein, G.Paul’s purpose in writing the epistle to the Romans’, in The Romans debate, Donfried, K. P. (ed.), rev. ed. (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson 1991),21–43.
Klein, R.Das Bild des Augustus in der frühchristlichen Literatur’, in Rom und das himmlische Jerusalem: die frühen Christen zwischen Anpassung und Ablehnung, Haehling, R. and Mikat, P. (eds.) (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2000), 205–36
Klijn, A. F. J. Jewish-Christian gospel tradition, VCSup 17 (1992).
Kloppenborg, J. S. The formation of Q: trajectories in ancient wisdom collections (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987).
Kloppenborg, J. S. Q parallels: synopsis, critical notes, and concordance (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press, 1988).
Kloppenborg Verbin, J. S. Excavating Q: the history and setting of the sayings gospel (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2000).
Knight, J. The Ascension of Isaiah, Guides to apocrypha and pseudepigrapha (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995).
Knight, J. Disciples of the beloved one: the Christology, social setting and theological context of the ‘Ascension of Isaiah’, JSPSup 18 (1996)
Knipfing, J. R.The libelli of the Decian persecution’, Harvard theological review 16 (1923), 345–90
Knipfing, J. R.The libelli of the Decian persecution’, Harvard theological review 16 (1923), 345–90
Knox, J. Chapters in a life of Paul, rev. ed., Hare, D. R. A. (ed.) (Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1987).
Knox, J. Marcion and the New Testament: an essay in the early history of the canon (Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1942).
Koch, D.- A. Die Schrift als Zeuge des Evangeliums: Unterschungen zur Verwendung und zum Verständnis der Schrift bei Paulus, BHT 69 (1986).
Koester, H.The origin and significance of the Flight to Pella tradition’, Catholic biblical quarterly 51 (1989) 90–106.
Koester, H. Ancient Christian gospels: their history and development (Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1990).
Koester, H. Introduction to the New Testament, vol. I: History, culture and religion of the Hellenistic age; vol. II: History and literature of early Christianity, 2nd ed. (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1995–2000).
Koester, C. R. Symbolism in the fourth gospel: meaning, mystery, community, 2nd ed. (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2003).
Koester, H. Synoptische Überlieferung bei den apostolischen Vätern, TU 65, ser. 5, vol. X (1957).
Koester, H.ΓNΩMAI ΔIAΦOPOI: the origin and nature of diversification in the history of early Christianity’, Harvard theological review 58 (1965), 280–318, repr. in Koester, H. and Robinson, J. M. (eds.), Trajectories through early Christianity (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1971), 114–43
Koester, H. (ed.). Ephesos, metropolis of Asia: an interdisciplinary approach to its archaeology, religion and culture (Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1995).
Koester, H. (ed.). Pergamon: citadel of the gods (Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 1998).
Kolb, F. Diocletian und die Erste Tetrarchie: Improvisation oder Experiment in der Organisation monarchischer Herrschaft? Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte 27 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1987).
Kölner papyri, Kramer, B., Hübner, R. and Gronewald, M. (eds.), 10 vols., Abhandlungen der Rheinisch-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sonderreihe papyrologica Coloniensia 7 (Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1976–).
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Kraabel, A. T.New evidence of the Samaritan diaspora has been found in Delos’, Biblical archaeologist 47 (1984)44–6.
Kraemer, R. S.Typical and atypical family dynamics: the cases of Babatha and Berenice’, in Early Christian families in context: an interdisciplinary dialogue, Balch, D. L. and Osiek, C. (eds.) (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003),130–56.
Kraft, H. (ed.). Konstantin der grosse, Wege der Forschung 31 (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1974).
Krauss, S. The Jewish-Christian controversy from the earliest times to 1789, vol. I: History, Horbury, W. (ed. and rev.), TSAJ 56 (1995).
Krautheimer, R. Rome: profile of a city, 312–1308 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980).
Krautheimer, R. Early Christian and Byzantine architecture, 4th ed. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986).
Kretschmar, G.Der Weg zur Reichskirche’, Verkündigung und Forschung 13 (1968), 3–44
Kruse, H.Die ‘dialektische Negation’ als semitisches Idiom’, Vetus Testamentum 4 (1954),385–400.
Kugel, J. L., and Greer., R. A. Early biblical interpretation, LEC 3 (1986).
Kysar, R. John, the maverick gospel (Atlanta: John Knox, 1976).
La Piana, G.. ‘Foreign groups in Rome during the first centuries of the empire’, Harvard theological review 20 (1927), 183–403
La Piana, G.. ‘The Roman church at the end of the second century’, Harvard theological review 18 (1925), 201–77
La Piana, G.The Roman church at the end of the second century’, Harvard theological review 18 (1925), 201–77.
Labahn, M. and Zangenberg, J. (eds.). Zwischen den Reichen: Neues Testament und römische Herrschaft, TANZ 36 (2002).
Labriolle, P. La réaction païenne: étude sur la polémique antichrétienne du ier au viee siècle (Paris: L’Artisan du Livre, 1934).
Labriolle, P. Les sources de l’histoire du Montanisme: textes grecs, latins, syriaques, Collectanea Friburgensia 24 (Paris: Leroux, 1913).
Labriolle, P. C. de. History and literature of Christianity from Tertullian to Boethius, Wilson, H. (trans.) (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1924).
Lactantius, De morte persecutorum. Text and English translation: De mortibus persecutorum, Creed, J. L. (ed. and trans.), OECT (1984).
Lactantius, Divinae institutiones. Text and French trans.: Lactantius, Institutions divines, Monat, P. (ed. and trans.), SC 204–5, 326, 337, 377 (1986–7).
Lactantius, Minor works, Macdonald, M. F. (trans.), FC 54 (1965).
Lactantius, English translation: Lactantius: Divine institutes, Bowen, A. and Garnsey, P. (trans.), TTH 40 (2003).
Lactantius, English translation: Lactantius: The divine institutes, books 1–7, Macdonald, M. F. (trans.), FC 49 (1964).
Lactantius, Text and French trans.: De la mort des persecuteurs, 2 vols., Moreau, J. (ed. and trans.), SC 39 (1954).
Lactantius, Text: De mortibus persecutorum, Brandt, S. and Laubmann, G. (eds.), CSEL 27.2 (1897).
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Marcus, J.Mark – interpreter of Paul’, New Testament studies 46 (2000) 473–87.
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Marsanes [NHC x; English translation: NHL].
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Martyrium Crispinae [Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Martyrium Cypriani [Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Martyrium Justini et septem sodalium [Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Martyrium Mariani et Iacobi [Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Martyrium Montani et Lucii [Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Martyrium Perpetuae et Felicitatis [Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Martyrium Pionii [Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Martyrium Polycarpi [See Apostolic fathers; Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Martyrium Saturnini et Dativi et aliorum Text and Italian trans.: Note agiografiche, vol. VIII, Cavalieri, P. Franchi (ed. and trans.), Studi e testi 65 (Rome: Tipografia Vaticana, (1935), 47–71.
Martyrium Saturnini et Dativi et aliorum [Text: PL 8].
Martyrum Scillitanorum acta [Text and English translation: Musurillo].
Massaux, É. The influence of the gospel of Saint Matthew on Christian literature before Saint Irenaeus, Belval, N. J. and Hecht, S. (trans.), Bellinzoni, A. J. (ed.), New gospel studies 5/1–3 (Macon, GA: Mercer, 1990–3; first French ed. 1950).
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May, G. Schöpfung aus dem Nichts: die Entstehung der Lehre von der creatio ex nihilo, AKG 48 (1978); English translation: Creatio ex nihilo: the doctrine of ‘creation out of nothing’ in early Christian thought, Worrall, A. S. (trans.) (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2004
May, G.Der Streit zwischen Petrus und Paulus in Antiochien bei Markion’, in Von Wittenberg nach Memphis: Festschrift für R. Schwarz, Homolka, W. and Ziegelmeier, O. (eds.) (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1989), 204–11
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Melchizedek NHS 15, Pearson, B. A. (ed.) (1981), 19–85.
Melchizedek [NHC IX, 1; English translation: NHL].
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Milan, Ambrose [English translation: NPNF2 10].
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Milan, Ambrose. De obitu Theodosii. Text: Sancti Ambrosii opera VII , Faller, O. (ed.), CSEL 73 (1955).
Milan, Ambrose. English translation: Sancti Ambrosii Oratio de obitu Theodosii, Mannix, M. D. (ed. and trans.), Catholic University of America patristic studies 9 (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America, 1925).
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Milevis, Optatus. Appendices to Against the Donatists. Text: S. Optati Milevitani libri VII, Ziwsa, C. (ed.), CSEL 26 (1893).
Milevis, Optatus. English translation: Optatus, Against the Donatists, Edwards, M. (ed. and trans.), TTH 27 (1997).
Milevis, Optatus. Text and French trans.: Le dossier du Donatisme, 2 vols., Maier, J.-L. (ed. and trans.), TU 134–5 (1987–9).
Milevis, Optatus. Text and French trans.: Optatus de Milève, Traité contre les Donatistes, 2 vols., Labrousse, J. (ed. and trans.), SC 412–413 (1996–7).
Milevis, Optatus. Text: Le dossier du Donatisme, vol. 1, Maier, J.-L. (ed.), TU 134 (1987).
Milevis, Optatus. Text: S. Optati Milevitani libri VII, Ziwsa, K. (ed.), CSEL 26 (1893).
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Mishnah. English translation: The Mishnah, Danby, H. (trans.) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, (1933).
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,Novatian English translation: Ante-Nicene Fathers (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans) 5.
,Novatian English translation: Novatian, The Trinity, The spectacles, Jewish foods, In praise of purity, Letters, DeSimone, R. J. (ed. and trans.), FC 67 (1974).
,Novatian English translation: The treatise of Novatian on the Trinity, Moore, H. (ed. and trans.), TCL, ser. 2 (1919).
,Novatian Text: Novatiani Romanae urbis presbyteri De Trinitate liber: Novatian’s treatise on the Trinity, Faussett, W. Y. (ed.), Cambridge patristic texts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (1909).
,Novatian. De Trinitate liber. Text: Novatiani opera quae supersunt, Diercks, G. F. (ed.), CCSL 4 (1972).
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Noy, D. Foreigners at Rome: citizens and strangers (London: Duckworth, 2000).
Numenius, . Fragmenta. Text and French trans.: Numénius: fragments, Places, E. des (ed. and trans.) (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, (1973).
Nun, M. Ancient anchorages and harbours around the sea of Galilee (Kibbutz Ein Gev: Kinnereth Sailing Co., 1988).
Nyssa, Gregory. De vita Gregorii Thaumaturgi. Text: Gregorii Nysseni opera, vol. X, pt II, bk I: Sermones, Heil, G., Cavarnos, J. P, Lendle, O. (eds.) (Leiden: Brill, 1990).
Oakes, P.Constructing poverty scales for Graeco-Roman society: a response to Steven Friesen’s “Poverty in Pauline studies”’, Journal for the Study of the New Testament 26 (2004), 367–71
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O’Day, G. R. Revelation in the fourth gospel: narrative mode and theological claim (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986).
Odes of Solomon Text and English translation: The odes of Solomon: the Syriac texts, Charlesworth, J. H. (ed. and trans.), SBLTT 13 (1978).
Odes of Solomon Text and German trans.: Oden Salomos: Text, Übersetzung, Kommentar, Lattke, M. (ed. and trans.), NTOA 41 (1999).
Odes of Solomon [English translation: OTP, vol. 11].
O’Donovan, O. and O’Donovan, J. Lockwood. From Irenaeus to Grotius: a sourcebook in Christian political thought, 100–1625 (Grand Rapid, MI: Eerdmans, 1999).
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Olympus, Methodius. Symposium. Text and French trans.: Le banquet, Musurillo, H. (ed. and trans.), SC 95 (1963).
Olympus, Methodius. English translation: The symposium: a treatise on chastity, Musurillo, H. (trans.), ACW 27 (1958).
Olympus, Methodius. English translation: The Writings of Methodius, Roberts, A. (trans.), Ante Nicene Christian library 14 (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, (1880).
Olympus, Methodius. Text: Methodius, Bonwetsch, G. Nathanael (ed.), GCS 27 (1917).
On the origin of the world NHS 20–1, Layton, B. (ed.) (1989), 2. 12–134.
On the origin of the world [NHC 11, 5; XIII, 2; English translation: NHL].
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Orbe, A. Antropología de san Ireneo, BAC, seccion IV: Teológia y canones 286 (1969).
Orbe, A. Espiritualidad de san Ireneo, Analecta gregoriana 256, series Facultatis theologiae, sectio A, no. 33 (Rome: Editrice Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 1989).
Orbe, A. Parábolas evangélicas en san Ireneo, 2 vols., BAC 331–2 (1972).
Orbe, A. Teología de san Ireneo: comentario al libro v del ‘Adversus haereses’, 3 vols., BAC, Maior 25, 29, 33 (1985–8).
Orbe, A. Teología de san Ireneo iv: traducción y comentario del libro iv del ‘Adverus haereses’, BAC, Maior 53 (1996).
Orbe, A.Marcionitica’, Augustinianum 31 (1991), 195–244
Orientis Graeci inscriptiones selectae, 2 vols., Dittenberger, W. (ed.) (Leipzig, 1903–5; repr. Hildesheim: Olms, 1970).
Origen, Collected, partial English translations of Origen’s works:
Origen, English translation: Commentary on the gospel according to John, 2 vols., Heine, R. E. (trans.), FC 80, 89 (1989–93).
Origen, English translation: Contra Celsum, Chadwick, H. (trans.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (1980).
Origen, English translation: On first principles, Butterworth, G. W. (trans.) (London: SPCK, (1936).
Origen, Text and English translation: Alexandrian Christianity: Selected translations of Clement and Origen with introductions and notes, Oulton, J. E. L. and Chadwick, H. (eds. and trans.), LCC 2 (1977), pp. 430–55.
Origen, Text: Origenes Werke, 12 vols., Koetschau, P., Klostermann, E., Preuschen, E. and Baehrens, W. A. (eds.), GCS 2–3, 6, 10, 22, 29–30, 33, 35, 38, 40, 41 (1899–1955).
Origen, [English translation: ANF 4, 10].
Origen, . Oulton, J. E. L. and Chadwick, H. (eds. and trans.), Alexandrian Christianity: selected translations of Clement and Origen with introductions and notes, LCC 2 (1977).
Origen, . Commentarii in evangelium Joannis. Text and French trans.: Commentaire sur Saint Jean, Blanc, C. (ed. and trans.), SC 1202, 157, 222, 290, 385 (1966–92).
Origen, . Contra Celsum. Text and French trans.: Contre Celse: introduction, texte critique, traduction et notes, Borret, M. (ed. and trans.), SC 132, 136, 147, 150, 227 (1967–76).
Origen, . De oratione. English translation: Origen: Prayer, Exhortation to martyrdom, O’Meara, J. J. (trans.), ACW 19 (1954).
Origen, . De principiis. Text and French trans.: Traité des principes, Crouzel, H. and Simonetti, M. (eds. and trans.), SC 252, 268 (1978, (1980).
Origen, . Dialogus cum Heraclide. Text: Entretien d’Origène avec Héraclide et les évêques, ses collègues, sur le Père, le Fils et l’âme, Scherer, Jacques (ed.), Publications, textes et documents, SociétéFouad 1 de Papyrologie (Cairo: Imprimerie de l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale, (1949).
Origen, . Hexapla. Text: Origenis Hexaplorum quae supersunt, 2 vols., Field, F. (ed.) (repr. Hildesheim: Olms, (1964).
Origen, . Homiliae in Numeros. Text and French trans.: Homélies sur les Nombres, Méhat, A. (ed. and trans.), SC 29 (1951).
Origen, . In Matthaeum commentariorum series. German trans.: Der Kommentar zum Evangelium nach Mattäus, 3 vols., Vogt, Herman J. (ed. and trans.), Bibliothek der griechischen Literatur, Abteilung Patristik 18, 30, 38 (Stuttgart: A. Hiersemann, (1983–93).
Origen, . Origen, Trigg, J. W. (ed. and trans.), Early church fathers (London: Routledge, (1998).
Origen, . Origen, Greer, R. A. (ed. and trans.) (New York: Paulist, (1979).
Origen, . Selecta in Leviticum (fragmenta e catenis), Patrologia Graeca, 162 vols. [= Patrologiae cursus completus: series Graeca], Migne, J.-P. (ed.) (Paris, 1844–64) 12, cols. 397–404.
Origen, . Selections from the commentaries and homilies of Origen, Tollinton, R. B. (ed. and trans.), TCL, ser. 1 (1929).
Origo Constantini imperatoris. Text and German trans.: Origo Constantini, Anonymus Valesianus, König, I. (ed. and trans.), Trierer Historische Forschungen 11 (Trier: Trierer Historische Forschungen, (1987).
Origo Constantini imperatoris.English translation: From Constantine to Julian: pagan and Christian views, a source history, Lieu, S. N. C. and Montserrat, D. (eds.) (London: Routledge, (1996).
Orosius, . Historiae adversum paganos [Text: PL 31].
Orosius, . Text: Historiarum adversum paganos libri VII, Zangemeister, W. (ed.), Teubner (1889).
Osborn, E. F. Justin Martyr, BHT 47 (1973).
Osborn, E. F. Irenaeus of Lyons (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Osiek, C. and Balch, D. L.. Families in the New Testament world: households and house churches (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1997).
Osiek, C. Shepherd of Hermas: a commentary, Hermeneia (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1999).
Osiek, C. Rich and poor in the Shepherd of Hermas, CBQMS 15 (1983).
Osiek, C.Female slaves, Porneia, and the limits of obedience’, in Early Christian families in context:an interdisciplinary dialogue, Balch, D. L. and Osiek, C. (eds.) (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003), 255–74
Overman, J. A.Recent advances in the archaeology of the Galilee in the Roman period’, Current research in Biblical studies 1 (1993),35–57.
Overman, J. A. and MacLennan, R. S. (eds.). Diaspora Jews and Judaism: essays in honor of, and in dialogue with, A. Thomas Kraabel (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1992).
Overman, J. A. Matthew’s gospel and formative Judaism: the social world of the Matthean community (Minneapolis: Fortress 1990).
Ovid, . Heroides:Amores.Text and English translation: Ovid:The art of love and other poems, LCL, Showerman, G. (ed. and trans.), Goold, G. P. (rev.), 2nd ed. (1977).
Pagels, E. H. The Gnostic Paul: Gnostic exegesis of the Pauline letters (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1975).
Pagels, E. H. Beyond belief: the secret gospel of Thomas (New York: Random House, 2003).
Pagels, E. H. The gnostic gospels (New York: Random House, 1979).
Pagels, E. H. The Johannine gospel in gnostic exegesis: Heracleon’s commentary on John, SBLMS 17 (1973).
Painter, J. Just James: the brother of Jesus in history and tradition, Studies on personalities of the New Testament (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1997).
Painter, J. Just James: the brother of Jesus in history and tradition, 2nd ed. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2004).
Palladius, . Historia Lausiaca. Text: The Lausiac history of Palladius: a critical discussion together with notes on early Egyptian monachism, 2 vols., Butler, E. C. (ed.), Texts and studies: contributions to Biblical and patristic literature 6.1–2 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (1898–1904).
Palladius, . English translation: Palladius: the Lausiac history, Meyer, R. T. (trans.), ACW 34 (1965).
Palladius, . English translation: The Lausiac history of Palladius, Clarke, W. K. L. (ed. and trans.), TCL, ser. 1 (1918).
Pamphilus, , Apologia pro Origine. Text: Pamphile et Eusèbe de Césarée, Apologie pour Origène: suivi de Rufin d’Aquilée, Sur la falsification des livres d’Origène, Amacker, R. and Junod, E. (eds. and trans.), SC 464 (2002).
Pancaro, S. The Law in the fourth gospel, NovTSup 42 (1975).
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Papias, . Fragments. See Apostolic fathers.
Paraphrase of Shem NHMS 30, Pearson, B. A. (ed.) (1996), 15–127.
Paraphrase of Shem [NHC VII, 1; English translation: NHL].
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Peter to James, epistle of [English translation: ANF 8].
Peter to Philip, letter of NHMS 31, Sieber, J. (ed.), NHMS 31 (1991), 227–51.
Peter to Philip, letter of [NHC VIII, 2; English translation: NHL].
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Philo, . Philonis Alexandrini Legatio ad Gaium, Smallwood, E. M. (ed. and trans.) (Leiden: Brill, (1961).
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Philo, . Text: Philonis Alexandrini opera quae supersunt, 7 vols., Cohn, L. and Wendland, P. (eds.) (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1930–62).
Philodemus, . On piety, pt I: Critical text with commentary, Obbink, D. (ed.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, (1996).
Philostorgius, . Historia ecclesiastica. Text: Philostorgius, Kirchengeschichte: mit dem Leben des Lucian von Antiochien und den Fragmenten eines arianischen Historiographen, Bidez, J. (ed.), Winkelmann, F. (rev.), 2nd ed., GCS 21 (1972).
Philostorgius, . English translation: The Ecclesiastical history of Sozomen and the Ecclesiastical history of Philostorgius, as epitomised by Photius, patriarch of Constantinople, Walford, E. (trans.), Bohn ecclesiastical library (London: H. G. Bohn, (1855).
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Pistis Sophia NHS 9, Schmidt, C. (ed.), MacDermot, V. (trans.) (1978).
Pistis Sophia [English translation: NHL, NTApoc, vol. 1].
Plato, . NHS 11, Parrott, D. (ed.) (1979), 325–39.
Plato, . Republic 588A–589B [NHC VI, 5; English translation: NHL].
Plato, . Text and English translation: Plato, LCL, 12 vols., Fowler, H. N., Lamb, W. R. M., Shorey, P., and Bury, R.G. (eds. and trans.) (1914–27).
Plato, . Text: Opera, Burnet, J. (ed.) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1900, repr. 1967).
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Plutarch, . Moralia. Text and English translation: LCL, 17 vols., Babbitt, F. C., Helmbold, W. C., Lacy, P. H. et al. (eds. and trans.) (1927–69).
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Poitiers, Hilary Adversus Valentem et Ursacium. Text: S. Hilarii episcopi Pictaviensis opera, vol. IV, Feder, A. (ed.), CSEL 65 (1916).
Poitiers, Hilary Epistula de synodis. Text: Feder, A. (ed.), CSEL 65 (1916).
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Poitiers, Hilary [English translation: NPNF2 10].
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Polybius, . Historiae. Text and English translation: Polybius, LCL, 6 vols., Paton, W. R. (ed. and trans.) (1922–7).
Pontius Pilate, letter to Claudius [English translation: James, Apocryphal New Testament].
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Porphyry, . Contra Christianos. Text: Porphyrius ‘Gegen die Christen’, 15 Bücher Zeugnisse, Fragmente und Referate, Harnack, A. (ed.), Abhandlungen der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosoph.-hist. Kl. 1 (Berlin: Reimer, 1916).
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Porphyry, . Vita Plotini. Greek text: Plotini opera, Henry, P. and Schwyzer, H.-R. (eds.) (Leiden: Brill, 1951), vol. 1, 1–41.
Porphyry, . Text and English translation: Plotinus, LCL, vol. 1, Armstrong, A. H. (ed. and trans.) (1966).
Porphyry, . Text: Neue fragmente des Werks des Porphyrius gegen die Christen: die Pseudo-Polycarpiana und die Schrift des Rhetors Pacatus gegen Porphyrius, Harnack, A. (ed.) (Berlin: Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschafter, 1921).
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Prayer of the apostle Paul [NHC 1, 1; English translation: NHL].
Prex eucharistica: textus e variis liturgiis antiquioribus selecti, Härggi, A. and Pahl, I. (eds.), Specilegium Friburgense 12 (Fribourg: Editions Universitaires, 1968).
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