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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

24 - Cicero

Cicero's political philosophy is described as creative. His political philosophy needs to be illuminated by the concrete circumstances of his own age. Cicero himself considered as true patriots those who supported the collective authority of the Senate, and he often described such men as boni. The ethics of Roman society showed a remarkable degree of continuity from the late third to the mid-first century. The vocabulary of such men is shaped by their aristocratic preoccupation with war and politics. During the years of political frustration, Cicero took time from practical politics in order to write. His first choice of topic is instructive. Cicero's main project was to provide a philosophical encyclopaedia in Latin for his Roman audience. The ethos of the Roman Republic, to which Cicero gave personal philosophical expression, was to possess a lasting appeal, particularly through the influence of de Officiis. Under the pressure of contemporary crises, Cicero modified and articulated their insights for posterity to reappropriate.
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The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Political Thought
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