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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

6 - The Orators

Since the corpus of orations by Athenian orators is composed of speeches by highly successful speech-writers, the corpus, read as a whole, provides an indirect guide to the political ideology of democratic Athens in the late fifth century and throughout much of the fourth. Ideology is sometimes regarded as antithetical to rational thought. In the late fifth and fourth centuries, rhētorikoi seeking students, logographoi hoping to impress potential clients, and rhētores intent on influencing a reading public circulated orations in written form. The rhētores developed ideas about the character and roles appropriate to citizens and leaders in a just democratic society. Notably, these ideas focused on the purposes and results of speech and willed collective action, rather than on the nomos-phusis distinction so central to other genres of Greek political thought. Demosthenes develops an argument focused on the pragmatic basis of Athenian democracy.
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The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Political Thought
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