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    Mortazavi, Mehdi 2011. From Ancient to Modern Urbanization: Intermediary Function of an Urban Society. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, Vol. 15, Issue. 1, p. 126.

  • Print publication year: 1968
  • Online publication date: March 2008


Modern transport in Iran was first established on a navigable river. During the last decades of the nineteenth century, as British interests gradually pushed the construction of a road towards Shīrāz and Iṣfahān, Bushire was increasingly used as a port for southern Iran, and thus it became a major trading centre. The most outstanding Russian project was the construction in the first years of this century of a road about 200 miles long, from Rasht, near the Caspian Sea, to Tehrān. Rapid communication by telegraph had been available for some time before World War I. A major line, the Indo-European telephone and telegraph system, crossed western and southern Iran. British occupation during World War II, together with the presence of American transport experts, again proved to be beneficial to Iranian transport, the retail trade, and services. There was virtually no war damage, and despite heavy use both railways and roads were improved.
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The Cambridge History of Iran
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054928
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