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  • Print publication year: 1986
  • Online publication date: March 2008

5 - THE SAFAVID PERIOD

Summary
In the summer of 906-7/1501, after his victory over the Ᾱq Quyūnlū, Ismāʿīl entered the Türkmen capital Tabriz, ascended the throne and took the title of Shah. He thereby founded the rule of the Safavid dynasty in Iran which was to last until 1148/1736. Some of Ismāʿīl's relatives had escaped the systematic elimination of the royal princes. These included his eldest brother Muḥammad Khudābanda and four of his sons, the eldest, Sulṭān Ḥasan Mīrzā, having been murdered in Tehran shortly before on Ismāʿīl's orders. Shah ʿAbbāsʾs reign saw the beginning of the end for the Türkmens, the decline of their military and political influence and the eclipse of their social status. For wide sections of the population in Iran the collapse of the Safavid Empire that occurred when Sulṭān Ḥusain relinquished the throne and power was assumed by Maḥmūd was a catastrophe greater than anything they could possibly have imagined.
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