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    2018. A History of Russia, Central Asia and Mongolia. p. 49.

    MATSUI, Dai WATABE, Ryoko and ONO, Hiroshi 2015. A Turkic-Persian Decree of Timurid Mīrān Šāh of 800 AH/1398 CE. Orient, Vol. 50, Issue. 0, p. 53.

    Digby, Simon 2007. Export industries and handicraft production under the Sultans of Kashmir. The Indian Economic & Social History Review, Vol. 44, Issue. 4, p. 407.

    SAVORY, ROGER M. 2003. Relations between the Safavid State and its Non-Muslim Minorities 1. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 435.

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  • Print publication year: 1986
  • Online publication date: March 2008

2 - TĪMŪR IN IRAN

Summary
Tīmūr's advances from Transoxiana into the Near East radically transformed conditions in Iran. Tīmūr's only adversary in Persia after the defeat of the Muzaffarids was Sulṭān Aḥmad Jalāyir, whose sphere of influence stretched from Ᾱzarbāījān into Mesopotamia as far as Baghdad. On 25 September 1396, Tīmūr had won a spectacular victory over an army of crusaders at Nicopolis on the lower Danube. Later, during Tīmūr's Indian campaign, he had enjoyed success in Anatolia in operations against the princes of Qaramān. For Tīmūr the Syrian campaign reaped a rich reward in terms of goods and valuables confiscated and slaves captured. One of Tīmūr's characteristics was truly extraordinary: his military genius. His victories and conquests, his strategic and tactical feats are almost without parallel in world history. Tīmūr's effective destruction of the military and economic might of the Golden Horde did a great deal to liberate Old Russia from the Tartar yoke under which it had suffered for so long.
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The Cambridge History of Iran
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054980
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521200943
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