Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 3
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    2017. Allgegenwärtiger Konflikt im Matthäusevangelium. p. 403.

    Dönitz, Saskia 2015. A Companion to Josephus. p. 382.

    Martin, Dale B. 2014. Jesus in Jerusalem: Armed and Not Dangerous. Journal for the Study of the New Testament, Vol. 37, Issue. 1, p. 3.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

7 - The destruction of the Jerusalem Temple: its meaning and its consequences

Summary
The Jerusalem Temple was destroyed by a Roman army in the year 70 CE, approximately halfway through a fierce seven-year struggle between Jewish rebels and the Empire. This apparent act of sacrilege became controversial almost at once and has remained that way since that time. Once the Temple was destroyed, it was never rebuilt. Regarding the history of Judaism, the most important reactions to the destruction of the Temple were those that found expression in the voluminous literary output of the early Rabbis. The Mishnah's predominant response to the destruction of the Temple centered on acting as if the disaster had never occurred; the document's relentlessly ahistorical tone allows it to speak as though the Temple were still intact, its cult functioning as in centuries past. In later centuries, the transformation of Jewry into a religious communion was accelerated by the increasing dominance of Christian ways of thinking in the Roman world.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Judaism
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055130
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521772488
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Alon, G., Jews, Judaism and the Classical World (Jerusalem, 1977).
Alon, G., The Jews in Their Land in the Talmudic Age, 2 vols. (Jerusalem, 19801984).
Avi-Yonah, M., The Jews of Palestine (Oxford, 1976).
Avi-Yonah, M., The Jews Under Roman and Byzantine Rule (New York, 1976).
Baron, S. W., Social and Religious History of the Jews, II, 2nd ed. (New York, 1952).
Bokser, B., “Rabbinic Responses to Catastrophe,” in Proceedings of the American Academy of Jewish Research 50 (1983).
Cohen, S. J. D., “The Temple and the Synagogue,” in The Cambridge History of Judaism (Cambridge, 1984–) III
Fine, S., “Did the Synagogue Replace the Temple?,” Bible Review 12 (Washington, DC, 1996).
Ginzberg, L., Legends of the Jews, 6 vols. (Philadelphia, 19091939).
Ginzberg, L. (ed.), Yerushalmi Fragments from the Genizah (New York, 1909).
Goldenberg, R., “Early Rabbinic Explanations of the Destruction of Jerusalem,” Journal of Jewish Studies 33 (1982).
Goldenberg, R., “The Broken Axis: Rabbinic Judaism and the Fall of Jerusalem,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion (Supplement) 45/3 (1977), F.
Goodman, M., “Diaspora Reactions to the Destruction of the Temple,” in Dunn, J. D. G. (ed.), Jews and Christians (Tübingen, 1992).
Goodman, M., “Nerva, the Fiscus Judaicus and Jewish Identity,” Journal of Roman Studies 79 (1989).
Kirschner, R., “Apocalyptic and Rabbinic Responses to the Destruction of 70,” Harvard Theological Review 70 (1985).
Kolenkow, A.B., “The Fall of the Temple and the Coming of the End: The Spectrum and Process of Apocalyptic Argument in 2 Baruch,” Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers 21 (1982).
Lichtenberger, H., “Zion and the Destruction of the Temple in 4 Ezra 9–10,” in Gemeinde ohne Tempel (Tübingen, 1999).
Mueller, J. R., “The Apocalypse of Abraham and the Destruction of the Second Jewish Temple,” Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers 21 (1982).
Neusner, J., “Judaism in a Time of Crisis,” Judaism 21 (1972).
Neusner, J., “The Religious Uses of History,” History and Theory 5 (1966).
Neusner, J., Judaism: The Evidence of the Mishnah (Chicago, 1981).
Neusner, J., The Development of a Legend (Leiden, 1970).
Oppenheimer, A., “Judaism: From Temple to Text,” Sino-Judaica (1999).
Saldarini, A., “Varieties of Rabbinic Response to the Destruction of the Temple,” Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers 21 (1982).
Smallwood, E. M., The Jews Under Roman Rule (Leiden, 1975).