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  • Print publication year: 1984
  • Online publication date: March 2008

1 - The geography of Palestine and the Levant in relation to its history

from INTRODUCTION
Summary
This chapter focuses on two facts that are of fundamental importance: the centrality and the extraordinary smallness of Palestine. The most obvious feature of the Levant is its division into four longitudinal zones: the narrow lowlands along the coast, widening only in the south, the western highlands, the central rift valley, and the eastern plateau. The dominant alignment of the surface folds is roughly from south-west to north-east, clearly visible in the Lebanon and Anti- Lebanon mountains and those parallel folds which form the Negeb uplands of southern Cis-jordan. In the days of the Israelite monarchy the long Horns-Palmyra corridor was the limit of David's, and later Jeroboam II's, empire, and in the period with which we are concerned it constituted the northern boundary of the territories of Phoenicia and Coele-Syria, as it is today the boundary of Lebanon. The nature of the Palestinian climate helped to compartmentalize the country, which lies close to the southern limit of the Mediterranean climate belt.
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The Cambridge History of Judaism
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055116
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521218801
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