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    Gawad, Walid Abd El Gross, Raphael Robertson, Laura Ancselovits, Elisha Liss, Hanna Flavin, Michael Serels, M. Mitchell Silber, Marcos Schick, David Ben-Artzi, Yossi Balke, Ralf Sonder, Ines Gilibert, Alessandra Ariel, Yaakov Miron, Dan Ščrbačić, Maja Marx, Peter W. von Wussow, Philipp Hájková, Anna Ben-Naeh, Yaron Morgan, Michael L. Knapp, Alexander Goldberg, Sylvie Anne Neuberg, Simon Silber, Marcos Goldberg, Sylvie Anne Sparr, Thomas Greiser, Katrin Kühne, Jan Wilke, Carsten L. Hecht, Louise Horch, Hans Otto Dunkhase, Jan Eike Graf, Philipp Aust, Cornelia Voigt, Sebastian Dubin, Lois C. Balke, Ralf Miron, Dan Consonni, Manuela Tamari, Ittai J. Morris-Reich, Amos and Kanarek, Jane L. 2015. Enzyklopädie jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur. p. 1.

  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

12 - The Mishnah

The Mishnah, universally attributed to the editorial hand of Rabbi Judah, Patriarch of the Jewish community in Palestine in the late second to the early third century, is the earliest redacted record of rabbinic opinion. Most of the abundant Jewish literature from the late Second Temple period organizes its expression by reference to Scripture. The Mishnah's six orders include: Zeraim, Moed, Nashim, Neziqin, Kodashim and Toharot. The way one interprets the Mishnah's rhetoric concerning its relationship with Scripture depends upon the capacities of its assumed audience. A variety of factors suggest powerfully and unambiguously that the Mishnah was formulated for rabbinic sages and their disciples and not for a mass audience. Because it was formulated more than a century after the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple, perhaps the Mishnah's most surprising feature is the proportion of its laws dedicated to the Temple cult.
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