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  • Print publication year: 1967
  • Online publication date: March 2008

Chapter 3 - Aristotle

This chapter focuses on controversial between pre-Plotinian Platonists and Aristotelians and single out six concerning: psychology, cosmology, noetic, cosmogony, ideas, and matter. For Aristotle's cosmology, the ether theory is of prime importance. Ether constitutes the supra-lunar sphere of the divinely changeless. Great as the role of intelligence is in the context of Aristotle's psychology, it is even greater within the context of his astronomy-theology. For, most certainly, intelligence is supposed to be impassible, and its activity is not bound up with the body as the soul's is. For Aristotle the couple dynamis-energeia is of fundamental importance, particularly to replace the Two-opposite-principles doctrine. Aristotle's ethics exhibits three main aspects. It distinguishes perfections of character, which consist in subordinating the unreasonable part of the soul to the rule of reason, from perfections of the intelligence, the higher activity of which consists in contemplation, either of truth or of God.
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The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy
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