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  • Print publication year: 1991
  • Online publication date: March 2008

1 - Argentina, 1930–46

The year 1930 opens the gateway into modern Argentina, and also marked the acceleration of a profound ideological shift that later coloured the texture of Argentine politics. The revolution of September 1930 sprang from deep personal animosities towards Hipolito Yrigoyen, president of the republic from 1916 to 1 922 and again from 1928, on the part of conservatives. The coup of 6 September 1930 was an almost exclusively military action. General Jose F. Uriburu, its leader, who had participated in the failed insurrection against Juarez Celman in July 1890, explicitly forbade civilian involvement on the grounds that civilians had caused defeat forty years before. In February 1932, Justo assumed the presidency, as Uriburu departed for Europe, where he died a victim of cancer a short time later. The revolution of September 1930 occurred as the Argentine economy was hit by the world depression. The depression struck an agrarian society whose basic features had changed little during the past generation.
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The Cambridge History of Latin America
  • Volume 8: Latin America since 1930: Spanish South America
  • Edited by Leslie Bethell
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055246
  • Book DOI:
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