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    Strother, Emma 2017. Political economy and global arts for social change: A comparative analysis of youth orchestras in Venezuela and Chile. Arts Education Policy Review, p. 1.

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6 - Chile since 1958

from PART TWO - CHILE
Summary
Since 1958, Chile has been ruled by four administrations, profoundly different in their ideologies and political aims, social basis and economic policies. The government of Jorge Alessandri, elected in 1958, was conservative and pro-business. Alessandri proved incapable of dealing with Chile's persistent and increasing economic and social problems, and in 1964 Eduardo Frei, a Christian Democrat, was elected president. The social structure of Chile became increasingly urban, employment in modern manufacturing enterprises generated a relatively small proportion of total employment. One reason for the political importance of inflation was the central role of the state in almost every aspect of economic activity. Chile was economically dependent on the United States, and this was to cause serious difficulties for the Allende government. Since the election of Arturo Alessandri in 1932, Chile had experienced a long period of constitutional government. Although his candidacy was backed by the parties of the Right, Jorge Alessandri was elected president in 1958 as an independent.
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