Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Strother, Emma 2017. Political economy and global arts for social change: A comparative analysis of youth orchestras in Venezuela and Chile. Arts Education Policy Review, p. 1.


6 - Chile since 1958

Since 1958, Chile has been ruled by four administrations, profoundly different in their ideologies and political aims, social basis and economic policies. The government of Jorge Alessandri, elected in 1958, was conservative and pro-business. Alessandri proved incapable of dealing with Chile's persistent and increasing economic and social problems, and in 1964 Eduardo Frei, a Christian Democrat, was elected president. The social structure of Chile became increasingly urban, employment in modern manufacturing enterprises generated a relatively small proportion of total employment. One reason for the political importance of inflation was the central role of the state in almost every aspect of economic activity. Chile was economically dependent on the United States, and this was to cause serious difficulties for the Allende government. Since the election of Arturo Alessandri in 1932, Chile had experienced a long period of constitutional government. Although his candidacy was backed by the parties of the Right, Jorge Alessandri was elected president in 1958 as an independent.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Alejandro, Foxley and Oscar, Mu¯noz. ‘Income Redistribution, Economic Growth and Social Structure’. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 36, no. 1 (1974).
Alejandro, Foxley, Latin American Experiments in Neo-Conservative Economics (Berkeley, Calif., 1983).
Almeyda, , ‘The Foreign Policy of the UP government’, in Sideri, S. (ed.), Chile, 1970–1973: Economic Development and Its International Setting (The Hague, 1979).
Arturo, Valenzuela, ‘Origins and Characteristics of the Chilean Parry System: A Proposal for a Parliamentary Form of Government’, mimeo (1984).
Campero, Guillermo and Valenzuela, Jose A., El movimiento sindical chileno en el capitalismo autoritario (Santiago, 1981).
Carlos, Altamirano, Dialéctica de una derrota (Mexico, 1977)
Cortázar, René and Marshall, Jorge, Indice de precios al consumidor, in Essudios CIEPLAN, no. 4 (1980).
Fernando, Dahse, El mapa de la extrema riqueza (Santiago, 1979).
Florencia, Varas, Exilio en Madrid (Santiago, 1983).
Garcés, , Allende y la experiencia chilena (Barcelona, 1976).
José, Serra and León, Arturo. La redistribución del ingreso en Chile durante el gobierno de la Unidad PopularDocumento de Trabajo no. 70, FLACSO (Santiago, July 1978).
Juan, Linz and Stepan, Alfred (eds.), The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Crisis, Breakdown and Reequilibration (Baltimore, 1978).
Lagos, Ricardo and Tokman, Victor, ‘Global Monetarism, Employment, and Social Stratification’, World Development 12, no. 1 (1984).
Landerretche, OscarInflation and Socio-political Conflicts in Chile, 1955–1970’ (Dissertation, Oxford University, 1983).
Laurence, Whitehead in Thorp, Rosemary and Whitehead, Laurence (eds.), Inflation and Stabilisation in Latin America (London, 1979).
Mamalakis, MarkosThe Growth and Structure of the Chilean Economy (New Haven, Conn., 1980).
Manuel, Antonio Garretón, El proceso politico chileno (Santiago, 1983).
Osvaldo, Sunkel, ‘La inflación chilena: Un enfoque heterodoxo’, El Trimestre Económico (Mexico), (October 1958).
Patricio, Meller et al., ‘Milagro económico o milagro estadístico?’, Mensaje (May 1985).
Penelope, Pollitt, ‘Religion and Politics in a Coal Mining Community in Southern Chile’ (Dissertation, Cambridge University, 1981).
Pinto, AnibalChile, un caso de desarrollo frustrado (Santiago, 1962).
Radomiro, Tomic, ‘Christian Democracy and the Government of the Unidad Popular’, in Gil, Federico, Lagos, Ricardo and Landsberger, Henry (eds.), Chile at the Turning Point: Lessons on the Socialist Years, 1970–1973 (Philadelphia, 1979).
Ricardo, Ffrench-Davis, Politics económicas en Chile, 1952–1970 (Santiago, 1973).
Ricardo, Ffrench-Davis, ‘El experimento monetarista en Chile’, Estudios CIEPLAN no. 9 (1982)
Sergio, Bitar, Transición, socialismo y democracia: La experiencia chilena (Mexico, 1979).
Valenzuela, , The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Chile (Baltimore, 1978).
,World Bank Report, Chile: An Economy in Transition (Washington, D.C., 1980)