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    Leff, Amanda M. 2008. Writing, Gender, and Power in Gower'sConfessio Amantis. Exemplaria, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 28.

    Goldstein, R. James 2007. A Companion to Medieval English Literature and Culture c.1350-c.1500. p. 604.

    Jones, E. A. 2007. A Companion to Medieval English Literature and Culture c.1350-c.1500. p. 406.

  • Print publication year: 1999
  • Online publication date: March 2008

14 - Classroom and confession

The thirteenth century saw the growth of schools and also the growth of the confessional system. Both on historical grounds and in cultural terms, pedagogical texts and classroom practices have their natural counterparts in confessional texts and practices. This chapter examines the overlap and mutual resonance of the two traditions. Both medieval classroom and medieval confession find their institutional setting within the Church. In England, the need for a literate clergy was the chief factor in the emergence of schools until the sixteenth century. The Omnis Utriusque Sexus decree of the Fourth Lateran Council is an important factor in the rise of the industry of Latin and vernacular instruction on the doctrines of penance and mechanics of confession. By the mid-thirteenth century the production of manuals and treatises on confession had resolves itself into two genres: instructions to priests on conducting confession and prescribing penances; and instructions to lay people on preparing for and making confession.
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