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    Thompson, James 2018. The British left in European perspective, c. 1880–1914. Global Intellectual History, p. 1.

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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: July 2011

16 - Non-Marxian socialism 1815–1914

from III - Modern liberty and its critics
Summary
From the early 1880s onwards, until the First World War, a plethora of socialisms developed across Europe, more or less antagonistic or friendly to the growing force of Marxism. Robert Owen tended to act in a paternalistic manner towards his followers. His eventual scheme for the political organisation of communities proposed the division of the community into eight age-groups, with each person following the same sequence of development through life. The most influential form of early socialism, as far as mainstream social and political thought is concerned, was Saint-Simonism. Most forms of nineteenth-century non-Marxian socialism saw themselves as supplanting or extending Christianity, either, like Owen, by proposing a new religion, a paradise on earth based upon harmony rather than competition; or, like Charles Fourier and Auguste Comte, a metaphysical substitute. The chapter also discusses two extra-European developments in socialist thought and activity that occurred in Australasia and the United States.
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The Cambridge History of Nineteenth-Century Political Thought
  • Online ISBN: 9780511973581
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521430562
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