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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: May 2011

48 - Ancient philosophy becomes medieval philosophy

from VIII - Philosophy in transition
In dealing with the transformation of ancient philosophy into medieval philosophy, it is important to remember that medieval thinkers always read their secular, post-classical and Platonic sources in combination with certain Christian, post-classical and Platonic sources. This chapter is divided into three main sections dealing with the influence of the late-ancient writers, Calcidius, Boethius and Proclus, on medieval philosophy. The chapter deals with translations into Latin produced in late antiquity or during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. The Commentarius in Somnium Scipionis by Macrobius exercised a considerable and indeed unparalleled influence upon medieval philosophy through its summary of the famous doctrine concerning the One (or Good), Intellect, and Soul. Among the writings which began to influence philosophical thought from the early twelfth century onwards was Nemesius of Emesa's De natura hominis. The chapter concludes with a discussion on the influence of various late-ancient writers whose influence on medieval philosophy is still worthy of note.
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The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity
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