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    Slaveva-Griffin, Svetla 2016. Socrates’ Debt to Asclepius: Physicians and Philosophers with Asclepian Souls in Late Antiquity. Numen, Vol. 63, p. 167.


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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: May 2011

35 - Proclus

from VI - Late Platonism
Summary
Proclus was born in 412 in Byzantium in a Lycian family, still faithful to the old Hellenic religion in a society already dominated by Christianity. After Syrianus' death, he became the head of the school and thus 'successor of Plato', a position he held for almost fifty years until his death in 485. This chapter focuses on his theological metaphysics. It follows, as it main inspiration, the Elements, this superb monument of theological metaphysics, wherein Proclus himself is surprisingly sober and rational, and never introduces proper names of gods. Besides his commentaries Proclus owes his reputation mainly to his two great systematic works, the Elements of Theology and the Platonic Theology. Proclus contributed much more to the formation of the Platonic tradition in the Middle Ages than Plotinus. Proclus' speculations on the triadic circle of remaining, procession and return fascinated Hegel.
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The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity
  • Online ISBN: 9781139095464
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521194846
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H.-Chr. Günther (2007) Die Uebersetzung der Elementatio Theologica des Proklos und ihre Bedeutung für den Proklostext. Leiden.

Proclus’ Hymns: Essays, Translations, Commentary, ed. R.M. den Berg (2001). Leiden.

Proclus. Alcibiades I, trans. W. O’Neill , 2nd edn. (1971). The.Hague. [First edition 1964.]

A. Sheppard (1980) Studies on the Fifth and Sixth Essays of Proclus’ Commentary on the Republic. Göttingen.

C. Steel (2003) ‘Why Should We Prefer Plato’s Timaeus to Aristotle’s Physics? Proclus’ Critique of Aristotle’s Causal Explanation of the Physical World’, in R. W. Sharples and A. Sheppard (eds.), Ancient Approaches to Plato’s Timaeus, ed. London.

C. Steel (2005b) ‘Theology as First Philosophy. The Neoplatonic Concept of Metaphysics’, Quaestio: annuario di storia della metafisica 5:

The Chaldean Oracles: Text, Translation and Commentary, R. Majercik (1989). Leiden.

E. J. Watts (2006) City and School in Late Antique Athens and Alexandria. Berkeley, CA.