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    Häfner, Lutz Karl 2018. Engines of Social Change? Peasant Migration and the Transgression of Spatial, Legal and Cultural Divides in Late Imperial Russia. Journal of Borderlands Studies, p. 1.

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  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

17 - Law, the judicial system and the legal profession

from Part IV - Russian Society, Law and Economy
Summary
The 1864 judicial reform created Russia's first constitution. The judicial reform limited the authority of the monarch, since it separated the judiciary from the legislative and executive institutions, and confirmed the principle of judicial independence and tenure as a matter of law. The reformed judicial system and the spirit from which it emerged were rooted in the realm of the European enlightenment, where the reformers dwelt, but their subjects did not. The task of the judicial reform was to make universal the legal consciousness of the enlightened officials. The study of law came into fashion primarily for those who recognised the political significance of the legal professions. These jurists of the 1860s were the ones who turned the courts into strongholds of liberalism. That was the real dilemma of the autocratic reforms: that with the reorganisation of the state, they at the same time brought an opposition into being.
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The Cambridge History of Russia
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055437
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521815291
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