Skip to main content Accesibility Help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 9
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Leong, Elaine 2017. The Structures of Practical Knowledge. p. 55.

    Opitz, Donald L. 2016. A Companion to the History of Science. p. 252.

    Lémonon, Isabelle 2016. Domesticity in the Making of Modern Science. p. 41.

    Cooper, Alix 2016. Domesticity in the Making of Modern Science. p. 281.

    Opitz, Donald L. Bergwik, Staffan and Van Tiggelen, Brigitte 2016. Domesticity in the Making of Modern Science. p. 1.

    Terrall, Mary 2015. Masculine Knowledge, the Public Good, and the Scientific Household of Réaumur. Osiris, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 182.

    Leong, Elaine 2013. Collecting Knowledge for the Family: Recipes, Gender and Practical Knowledge in the Early Modern English Household. Centaurus, Vol. 55, Issue. 2, p. 81.

    Rankin, Alisha 2007. Becoming an Expert Practitioner. Isis, Vol. 98, Issue. 1, p. 23.

    Coen, Deborah R. 2006. A Lens of Many Facets. Isis, Vol. 97, Issue. 3, p. 395.

  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

9 - Homes and Households

from Part II - Personae and Sites of Natural Knowledge
This chapter examines some of the various ways in which home and household came to provide important frameworks for the gathering of natural knowledge in early modern Europe. It also show that numerous scientific activities were performed either within the home itself or, more broadly, by members of a household, which might include a paterfamilias, wife, sons, daughters, other relatives, and domestic servants. Natural inquiry in early modern Europe thus often constituted a family project to which a variety of household members would contribute, providing crucial support and continuity for scientific activities at a time when formal institutional support was often lacking. Structuring the division of labor among household members, the household also ensured the continuity of knowledge and skills and their transmission into the next generation. During the crucial years of the Scientific Revolution, however, it proved particularly important as a model for the pursuit of natural knowledge.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Science
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054010
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Algazi, GadiScholars in Households: Reconfiguring the Learned Habitus, 1400–1600,” Science in Context, 16 (2003).
Anderson, MichaelApproaches to the History of the Western Family, 1500–1914 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980).
Bethke Elshtain, Jean ed., The Family in Political Thought (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1982).
Biagioli, MarioGalileo, Courtier: The Practice of Science in the Culture of Absolutism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993).
Blunt, Wilfrid and Stearn, William T., The Art of Botanical Illustration (Kew: Royal Botanic Garden, 1994).
Christianson, John R.On Tycho’s Island: Tycho Brahe and His Assistants, 1570–1601 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).
Cooper, Alix‘The Possibilities of the Land’: The Inventory of ‘Natural Riches’ in the Early Modern German Territories,” in Oeconomies in the Age of Newton, ed. Schabas, Margaret and DeMarchi, Neil (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2003).
Cooper, Alix, “The Death of the Naturalist: The Labor of Posthumous Publication in Early Modern Natural History,” paper presented at the History of Science Society annual meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 1999.
Coulton Gillispie, CharlesDictionary of Scientific Biography, ed. (New York: Scribner, 1981).
Daumas, MauriceScientific Instruments of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, trans. and ed. Holbrook, Mary (New York: Praeger, 1972).
Dittrich, ErhardDie deutschen und österreichischen Kameralisten (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1973).
Dorinda, OutramBefore Objectivity: Wives, Patronage, and Cultural Reproduction in Early Nineteenth-Century French Science,” in Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science, 1789–1979, ed. Abir-Am, Pnina G. and Outram, Dirinda (New Brunswick, N. J.: Rutgers University Press, 1987).
Euler, Friedrich W.Entstehung und Entwicklung deutscher Gelehrtengeschlechter,” in Universität und Gelehrtenstand, 1400–1800, ed. Rössler, Helmuth and Franz, Günther (Limburg: C. A. Starke Verlag, 1970).
Fairchilds, CissieDomestic Enemies: Servants and Their Masters in Old Regime France (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984).
Findlen, PaulaMasculine Prerogatives: Gender, Space, and Knowledge in the Early Modern Museum,” in The Architecture of Science, ed. Galison, Peter and Thompson, Emily (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999).
Fischer, HansJohann Jakob Scheuchzer (2. August 1672–23. Juni 1733), Naturforscher und Arzt (Zürich: Leemann, 1973).
Flandrin, Jean-LouisFamilies in Former Times, trans. Southern, Richard (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979).
Goodman, DenaThe Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1994).
Guthrie, LeonardThe Lady Sedley’s Receipt Book, 1686, and other Seventeenth-Century Receipt Books,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 6 (1913).
Hannaway, OwenLaboratory Design and the Aim of Science: Andreas Libavius versus Tycho Brahe,” Isis, 77 (1986).
Harkness, DeborahManaging an Experimental Household: The Dees of Mortlake and the Practice of Natural Philosophy,” Isis, 88 (1997).
Heilbron, JohnPhysics at the Royal Society during Newton’s Presidency (Los Angeles: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, 1983).
Hevelius, JohannesMachinae coelestis (Danzig: Simon Reiniger, 1673).
Hufton, OlwenWomen Without Men: Widows and Spinsters in Britain and France in the Eighteenth Century,” Journal of Family History, 9 (1984).
Hufton, OlwenThe Prospect Before Her: A History of Women in Western Europe, 1500–1800 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995).
Hunt, LynnThe Family Romance of the French Revolution (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).
Hunter, LynetteWomen and Domestic Medicine: Lady Experimenters, 1570–1620,” in Women, Science and Medicine, 1500–1700: Mothers and Sisters of the Royal Society, ed. Hunter, Lynette and Hutton, Sarah (Stroud: Sutton, 1997).
Jennett, Sean trans., Beloved Son Felix: The Journal of Felix Platter, a Medical Student in Montpellier in the Sixteenth Century (London: Muller, 1961).
Kantorowicz, Ernst H.The King’s Two Bodies: A Study in Medieval Political Theology (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1957).
Koerner, LisbetLinnaeus: Nature and Nation (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999).
Kussmaul, AnnServants in Husbandry in Early Modern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).
Landes, Joan B.Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1988).
Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel, The Beggar and the Professor: A Sixteenth-Century Family Saga, trans. Goldhammer, Arthur (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997).
Loesel, JohannPlantas in Borussia sponte nascentes e manuscriptis Parentis mei divulgo (Königsberg: Menseniu, 1654).
MacDonald, A. A.The Renaissance Household as Centre of Learning,” in Centres of Learning: Learning and Location in Pre-Modern Europe and the Near East, ed. Drijvers, Jan Willem and MacDonald, A. A. (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1995).
McIntosh, MarjorieServants and the Household Unit in an Elizabethan English Community,” Journal of Family History, 9 (1984).
Mentzel, ChristianPinax botanonymos polyglottos katholikos (Berlin: Runge, 1682).
Miterauer, Michael and Sieder, Reinhard, The European Family: Patriarchy and Partnership from the Middle Ages to the Present, trans. Oosterveen, Karla and Hörzinger, Manfred (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982).
Moran, Bruce T. ed., Patronage and Institutions: Science, Technology, and Medicine at the European Court, 1500–1750 (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1991).
Müller, Rainer, “Student Education, Student Life,” in Universities in Early Modern Europe, 1500–1800, ed. Ridder-Symoens, Hilde (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Murdin, LesleyUnder Newton’s Shadow: Astronomical Practices in the Seventeenth Century (Bristol: Adam Hilger, 1985).
O’Malley, C. D.Andreas Vesalius of Brussels, 1514–1564 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964).
Ozment, StevenWhen Fathers Ruled: Family Life in Reformation Europe (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983).
Paré, Ambroise, On Monsters and Marvels, trans. Pallister, Janis L. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982).
Pinault, MadeleineThe Painter as Naturalist, trans. Sturgess, Philip (Paris: Flammarion, 1991).
Pollock, LindaWith Faith and Physic: The Life of Tudor Gentlewoman Lady Grace Mildmay, 1552–1620 (London: Collins and Brown, 1993).
Putti, VittorioBerengario da Carpi: Saggio biografico e bibliografico seguito dalla traduzione del “De fractura calvae sive cranei” (Bologna: L. Capelli, 1937).
Pycior, Helena M., Slack, Nancy G., and Abir-Am, Pnina G., eds., Creative Couples in the Sciences (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1996).
Schama, SimonThe Embarrassment of Riches (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).
Schiebinger, LondaThe Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern Science (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989).
Schullian, Dorothy M.An Anatomical Demonstration by Giovanni Lorenzo of Sassoferrato, 19 November 1519,” in Miscellanea di scritti di bibliografia ed erudizione in memoria di Luigi Ferrari (Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 1952).
Secord, James A.Newton in the Nursery: Tom Telescope and the Philosophy of Tops and Balls,” History of Science, 23 (1985).
Shackelford, JoleTycho Brahe, Laboratory Design and the Aim of Science: Reading Plans in Context,” Isis, 84 (1993).
Shapin, Steven‘The Mind Is Its Own Place’: Science and Solitude in Seventeenth-Century England,” Science in Context, 4 (1990).
Shapin, StevenThe House of Experiment in Seventeenth-Century England,” Isis, 79 (1988).
Shapin, StevenThe Invisible Technician,” American Scientist, 77 (1989).
Shapin, StevenA Social History of Truth: Civility and Science in Seventeenth-Century England (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994).
Shorter, EdmundThe Making of the Modern Family (New York: Basic Books, 1975).
Shteir, Ann B.Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England, 1760 to 1860 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996).
Small, Albion W.The Cameralists: The Pioneers of German Social Policy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1909).
Smith, Pamela H.The Body of the Artisan: Art and Experience in the Scientific Revolution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004).
Smith, Pamela H.The Business of Alchemy: Science and Culture in the Holy Roman Empire (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1994).
Sobel, Dava, Galileo’s Daughter (New York: Penguin, 2000).
Steiger, RudolfJohann Jakob Scheuchzer (1672–1733). 1. Werdezeit (bis 1699) (Zürich: Leemann, 1927).
Stone, LawrenceThe Family, Sex, and Marriage in England, 1500–1800 (New York: Harper and Row, 1977).
Taylor, E. G. R.The Mathematical Practitioners of Tudor and Stuart England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954).
Thornton, DoraThe Scholar in His Study: Ownership and Experience in Renaissance Italy (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1997).
Thrower, Norman J. W., Maps and Civilization: Cartography in Culture and Society, 2nd ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999).
Tribe, KeithCameralism and the Science of Government,” Journal of Modern History, 56 (1984).
Wiesner, Merry E.Working Women in Renaissance Germany (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1986).
Witold, RybczynskiHome: A Short History of an Idea (London: Penguin, 1986).
Zemon Davis, Natalie, Women on the Margins: Three Seventeenth-Century Lives (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995).
Zielengziger, KurtDie alten deutschen Kameralisten (Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1914).